18/05/2012

Are the great born or made?

This is one of the important questions that human beings have been thinking about since the begging of time. Who knows for what purpose, perhaps that of turning us all into potential geniuses. Would that be possible? Talking about the issue, one always thinks of Mozart, Einstein, Picasso and lately Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. How are we going to compare to them? It seems impossible.

And that is due, in part, to the many scientific researchs that have been carried out on the issue. Yes, it seems that with proper education, and in a favorable environment, everyone can develop incredible skills. But, can we talk about genius?

Most of the studies say that in order to speak about genius, something innate is needed in addition to study, work and determination. We will conclude then that the great are born and made even though the proportion of one and other it is majorly unbalanced to second. The documentary My big brain, produced by National Geographic, and in which the American Arthur Toga, Professor of Neurology at the University of California, collaborates, points in that direction.

However, there are some voices, which disagree with this opinions. In his book The genius in everyone, the writer, journalist and filmmaker David Shenk faces this prevailing determinism and denies what we call innate talent. Shenk tries to prove that environmental stimuli or our own nerves are able to activate or deactivate the influence of genes. Hence, our talent is defined by how we use the inheritance we have received, plus the interaction with the world around us.

We cannot explain why a three year old is capable of playing a melody by Beethoven, but we understand that a young woman, who was not born with a privileged intelligence, can become a chess teacher based on an outstanding education, discipline and training. That’s the point: to enhance and achieve what is in our hands, which depends on us. This requires commitment and some sacrifice. You only need to be willing to do so.

Author
Related posts
901
1
array(2) { [0]=> int(901) [1]=> int(1) }
array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1696 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4635) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-04-22 00:01:21" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-04-21 22:01:21" ["post_content"]=> string(2925) "José Luis Sampedro fue un escritor, humanista y economista español que abogó por una economía 'más humana, más solidaria, capaz de contribuir a desarrollar la dignidad de los pueblos'. En 2008 fue condecorado con la Medalla de la Orden de Carlomagno del Principado de Andorra; en abril de 2009 fue investido como doctor Honoris Causa de la Universidad de Sevilla; en junio de 2010 se le concedió el XXIV Premio Internacional Menéndez Pelayo por sus 'múltiples aportaciones al pensamiento humano' desde sus facetas de economista, escritor y profesor, y ese mismo año el Consejo de Ministros le otorgó en noviembre la Orden de las Artes y las Letras de España por 'su sobresaliente trayectoria literaria y por su pensamiento comprometido con los problemas de su tiempo'; en 2011 recibió el Premio Nacional de las Letras Españolas y en 2012 fue investido doctor Honoris Causa por la Universidad de Alcalá. Sampedro ejerció su humanismo crítico acerca de la decadencia moral y social de Occidente, del neoliberalismo y las brutalidades del 'capitalismo salvaje'. En referencia a esto, aportó su grano de arena en las protestas en España de mayo de 2011 escribiendo el prólogo a la edición española del libro '¡Indignáos!', de Stéphane Hessel. En este vídeo habla sobre el deber de vivir una vida propia, sobre la naturalidad de la muerte y sobre la vigencia del eslogan de la Revolución Francesa: Libertad, igualdad y fraternidad.José Luis Sampedro was a writer, humanist and Spanish economist who advocated an economy 'more humane, more caring, able to contribute to developing the dignity of people'. In 2008 he was awarded with the Medal of the Order of Charlemagne of the Principality of Andorra; in April 2009 was honored as doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Seville; in June 2010 was awarded the International Prize XXIV Menéndez Pelayo for their 'multiple contributions to human thought' from its facets as an economist, writer and teacher, and that same year the Spanish Council of Ministers awarded him with the Order of Arts and Letters of Spain for 'his outstanding literary career and his thought committed to the problems of his time'; in 2011 received the National Prize for Spanish Letters and in 2012 was invested Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Alcalá. Sampedro exercised his critical humanism about moral and social decadence of the West, of neoliberalism and the brutalities of 'wild capitalism'. In reference to this, contributed their grain of sand on the protests in Spain in May 2011 writing the preface to the Spanish edition of the book 'Indignez-vous!' (Outrage!) by Stéphane Hessel. In this video he talks about the duty to live a life, on the naturalness of death and on the validity of the slogan of the French Revolution: Liberty, equality and fraternity. " ["post_title"]=> string(98) "El deber de vivir una vida propiaThe duty to live our own life" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(29) "the-duty-to-live-our-own-life" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:43:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:43:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4635" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1694 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3416) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-11-12 00:01:00" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-11-11 23:01:00" ["post_content"]=> string(2213) "'La felicidad siempre vendrá de la conexión entre seres humanos'. Después de ejercer como profesor de primaria durante 38 años en diferentes escuelas, se retiró en marzo de 2007 y actualmente es profesor del Departamento de Educación Infantil en la Universidad de Hokuriku Gakuin, en Japón. A través de su idea de educación 'Empatiza con tus amigos para ser feliz', Kanamori investiga, desde los años 80, diferentes vías para trabajar directamente con las personas y la naturaleza. En el documental 'Pensando en los demás' (Children Full of Life), producido por la NHK (Televisión Nacional de Japón) se muestra lo que sucedió en una de sus clases a lo largo de todo un curso. Este documental obtuvo un gran éxito que se tradujo en la obtención de varios premios y una gran difusión y repercusión mundial. Su trabajo ha conseguido llamar la atención de la comunidad educativa, pero también ha logrado el reconocimiento de otros sectores que pueden parecer más alejados, como el de la salud.'Happiness always comes from the connection between human beings'. After practicing as a primary school teacher for 38 years at different schools, retired in March 2007 and is currently a professor in the Department of Early Childhood Education in Hokuriku Gakuin University, in Japan. Through his idea of education 'Empathize with your friends to be happy', Kanamori investigates, from the 80s, different ways to work directly with people and nature. In the documentary 'Children Full of Life', produced by NHK (Japan National Television) shows what happened in one of his classes throughout a course. This film was a great success which resulted in obtaining several awards and a high circulation and global impact. His work has gotten the attention of the education community, but has also achieved recognition from other sectors that may seem further away, such as health." ["post_title"]=> string(120) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Toshiro KanamoriWHAT ABOUT: The future by Toshiro Kanamori" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(41) "what-about-the-future-by-toshiro-kanamori" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:56:46" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:56:46" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3416" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1698 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5842) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-04-14 00:01:33" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-04-13 22:01:33" ["post_content"]=> string(3851) "El escritor, ensayista, profesor, filósofo, biólogo y genetista francés Albert Jacquard comparte en esta entrevista unas interesantes y reveladoras reflexiones sobre el trabajo. Nacido en el seno de una familia católica conservadora, hijo del director del Banco de Francia Francois Jacquard y de Marie-Louise Fourgeot, en 1934 el automóvil en el que viaja sufre un accidente en el que fallecen su hermano menor y sus abuelos paternos, y él queda desfigurado. En 1943 obtiene los bachilleratos en matemática y filosofía, y en 1948 se gradúa en ingeniería de fábricas públicas en la Escuela Politécnica Francesa y se integra en el Instituto Francés de Estadística. En 1951 se incorpora al monopolio SEITA como ingeniero de organización y de método y más tarde trabaja como investigador en el Tribunal de Cuentas francés y como alto ejecutivo en el ministerio de salud. En 1966 se traslada a Estados Unidos para estudiar genética de población en la Universidad de Stanford y regresa a Francia para incorporarse al instituto francés para estudios demográficos, como responsable del departamento de genética. En 1973 es nombrado experto en genética por la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), el organismo de la Organización de las Naciones Unidas (ONU) especializado en gestionar políticas de prevención, promoción e intervención en salud a nivel mundial. En 1973 comienza a dar clases en la Universidad de Ginebra, Suiza (1973—1976) y tiempo después en la Universidad Pierre y Marie Curie de París (1978—1990) y en la Universidad Católica de Lovaina, Bélgica (1979—1981). Su obra le valió el reconocimiento nacional, siendo nombrado Oficial de la Legión de Honor y Comandante de la Orden Nacional del Mérito (1980), además de recibir el Premio de Ciencia de la Fundación Francia el mismo año. Entre sus obras destacan 'Yo acuso a la economía triunfante' (1996), 'Pequeña filosofía para no filósofos' (1997) y 'Mi utopía' (2006).The French writer, essayist, teacher, philosopher, biologist and geneticist Albert Jacquard shares on this interview some interesting and revealing reflections on work. Born into a conservative Catholic family, son of the director of the Bank of France Francois Jacquard and Marie-Louise Fourgeot, in 1934 he suffers a car accident in which his younger brother and his paternal grandparents die, and he is disfigured. In 1943 obtained the bachelor in mathematics and philosophy, and in 1948 he graduated in public factories engineering in the French Polytechnique School and becomes part of the French Institute of Statistics. In 1951 is incorporated to the monopoly Seita as an engineer on organization and method and later worked as a researcher at the French Court of Auditors and as a senior executive in the health ministry. In 1966 he moved to the United States to study population genetics at Stanford University and returned to France to join the French Institute for Demographic Studies, as head of the department of genetics. In 1973 he was appointed geneticist by the World Health Organization (WHO), the agency of the United Nations (UN) specialized in managing policies for prevention, promotion and intervention in health worldwide. In 1973 he began teaching at the University of Geneva, Switzerland (1973—1976) and then at the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (1978—1990) and at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium (1979—1981). His work earned him national recognition, being named Officer of the Legion of Honor and Commander of the National Order of Merit (1980), and received the Science Award of the Foundation France the same year. His works include 'I accuse the triumphant economy' (1996), 'Small philosophy for non philosophers' (1997) and 'My utopia' (2006)." ["post_title"]=> string(83) "Reflexiones sobre el trabajoReflections on work" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(19) "reflections-on-work" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:11:41" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:11:41" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5842" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1858 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6822) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-07-14 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(2707) "Daniel Dennet es un filósofo y escritor de origen estadounidense. Doctor y catedrático en filosofía, ha sido uno de los pensadores más destacados en filosofía de la ciencia, y concretamente en ciencias cognitivas. Temas como conciencia, intencionalidad, inteligencia artificial, memética, el estudio de la significación actual del Darwinismo o la religión, han sido algunas de las áreas donde su trabajo ha sido más destacado. Está considerado uno de los cuatro jinetes de la corriente de pensamiento del Nuevo Ateísmo junto a Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris y Cristopher Hitchens, con los que se ha dado forma a la versión más contemporánea de esta idea. Su ciencia se ha distinguido por  buscar una filosofía de la mente y del universo cognitivo a través del empirismo, el método científico y la verificación para aportar base científica basada en los hechos sobre la conciencia, la intencionalidad, la responsabilidad y todo lo que se refiere a la cognición humana. En esta entrevista sobre el tema específico de la conciencia y el libre albedrío, Dennet hace una profunda reflexión en zigzag a través de tres preguntas para llegar a una conclusión potente y acorde a tamaña figura del pensamiento contemporáneo.Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding. He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition. In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought." ["post_title"]=> string(91) "Conciencia y libre albedríoConsciousness and free will" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "consciousness-and-free-will" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 19:02:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 18:02:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6822" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }