14/07/2014

Consciousness and free will

Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding.

He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition.

In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1681 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2036) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:00:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:00:43" ["post_content"]=> string(1828) "'Los jóvenes son el futuro'. Nació en 1954 en Tíbet y a los cinco años tuvo que abandonar su país debido a la invasión china. Poco después, y gracias a los auspicios del Dalai Lama y el gobierno indio, ingresó en una escuela para refugiados tibetanos en Dalhousie, India, donde estudió su propia lengua, cultura, historia, arte y filosofía budista, así como inglés e hindi. A los dieciséis años ingresó en el monasterio de Namgyal, el monasterio privado del Dalai Lama en Dharamsala, donde pasó 11 años estudiando la doctrina budista. Fue director de Lama Project, un proyecto de recopilación y grabación en vídeo de las tradiciones y enseñanzas preservadas por los lamas más ancianos, a fin de asegurar su continuidad. Después de unos años de intenso intercambio cultural con occidente, en 1994 creó la Casa del Tíbet de Barcelona con el objetivo de divulgar la cultura tibetana, de la que además es director.'Young people are the future'. Born in 1954 in Tibet, at age of five had to leave their country because of the Chinese invasion. Shortly after, thanks to the auspices of the Dalai Lama and the Indian government, joined a school for Tibetan refugees in Dalhousie, India, where he studied his own language, culture, history, art and Buddhist philosophy and English and Hindi. At sixteen he joined the Namgyal Monastery, the Dalai Lama's private monastery in Dharamsala, where he spent 11 years studying Buddhist doctrine. He was director of Lama Project, a project to compile and video recording of the traditions and teachings preserved by the elderly lamas, to ensure continuity. After years of intense cultural exchange with the West, in 1994 created the Tibet House in Barcelona with the aim of spreading Tibetan culture, which is also the director. " ["post_title"]=> string(120) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Thubten WangchenWHAT ABOUT: The future by Thubten Wangchen" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(41) "what-about-the-future-by-thubten-wangchen" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:59" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:59" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2036" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1675 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(1880) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:07:41" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:07:41" ["post_content"]=> string(2385) "Muhammad Ali es un ex boxeador afroamericano y estadounidense, tres veces campeón mundial de los pesos pesados, aunque en realidad es mucho más que eso. Ante todo es un luchador —contra otros boxeadores, contra la herencia de los antepasados que esclavizaron a los suyos (nacido Cassius Clay, cambió su nombre por ese motivo), contra el gobierno estadounidense al negarse a ir a la guerra de Vietnam o contra su Alzheimer final— y una figura excepcionalmente valiente y coherente que ha influido en la sociedad como pocos personajes del siglo XX. Gracias a él, entre otros, muchos americanos descendientes de africanos aprendieron a relacionarse mejor con sus orígenes. Famoso también por sus sentencias ingeniosas y llenas de humor, incluso hay quien le ve como un precursor del rap. En este vídeo, respondiendo a la pregunta de un entrevistador, nos explica su receta de la vida: —4 tazas de amor —1 cuchara de paciencia —1 cucharilla de generosidad —1 pinta de bondad —1 cuarto de placer —1 pizca de motivación Mezclar todo con voluntad, felicidad y montones de fe, después remover y extender durante toda una vida.Muhammad Ali is a former and African American boxer, three-time world champion heavyweight, but he is much more than that. First and foremost is a fighter —against other boxers, against the heritage of ancestors who enslaved his people (born Cassius Clay, changed his name for that reason), against the US government by refusing to go to the Vietnam War or against his final Alzheimer— and an exceptionally brave and consistent figure that has influenced society as few characters of the twentieth century. Thanks to him, among others, many Americans of African descent learned to relate better to their origins. Famous also for its ingenious humorous sentences, some even see him as a forerunner of rap. In this video, answering an interviewer's question, explains his recipe for life: —4 cups of love —1 table spoon of patience —1 tea spoon of generosity —1 pint of kindness —1 quarter of laugh to —1 pinch of concern Mix all with purpose, happiness and lots of faith, then stir it up and spreading it during a lifetime." ["post_title"]=> string(84) "La receta de la vida de AliAli's recipe for life" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(20) "alis-recipe-for-life" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:08:15" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:08:15" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=1880" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "7" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1683 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2718) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-25 00:03:11" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-24 22:03:11" ["post_content"]=> string(2007) "'Es necesario recuperar la espiritualidad, pero no centrada en templos e iglesias, sino en lo esencial: el vínculo con las generaciones futuras y con la vida'. Doctora en filosofía, Begoña Román obtuvo el premio extraordinario de licenciatura y de doctorado en la Universidad de Barcelona. De 1996 al 2007 dirigió la Cátedra de Ética de la Universidad Ramon Llull. Actualmente es profesora en la Facultad de Filosofía de la Universidad de Barcelona y miembro del grupo consolidado de investigación de la Generalitat de Catalunya 'Ética y Filosofía Contemporánea'. Es además vocal del Comité de Bioética de Catalunya, miembro de los comités de bioética de los hospitales San Rafael y Moisés Broggi, y miembro de la comisión de seguimiento del código ético de la Federación Catalana de ONGs por el Desarrollo. Su ámbito de especialización es la ética aplicada a entornos profesionales y organizativos, tema sobre el que ha coordinado y escrito diversos libros y artículos.'It is necessary to recover the spirituality, but not focused on temples and churches, but in essence: the link with future generations and life'. PhD in philosophy, Begoña Román received the special undergraduate award and doctorate at the University of Barcelona. From 1996 to 2007 she directed the Chair of Ethics at the University Ramon Llull. She currently teaches at the Faculty of Philosophy at the University of Barcelona and is a member of the consolidated group research of the Generalitat de Catalonia 'Ethics and Contemporary Philosophy'. She is also a member of the Bioethics Committee of Catalonia, a member of the bioethics committees of hospitals Moisés Broggi and San Rafael, and a member of the monitoring committee of the ethical code of the Catalan Federation of NGOs for Development. Her area of expertise is ethics applied to professional and organizational environments, an issue about she has coordinated and written several books and articles. " ["post_title"]=> string(116) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Begoña RománWHAT ABOUT: The future by Begoña Román" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(37) "what-about-the-future-by-begona-roman" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:59:49" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:59:49" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2718" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1817 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5510) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-01-06 00:01:29" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-01-05 23:01:29" ["post_content"]=> string(2146) "Dirigido por Iñigo Orduña y Claudio Molinari y basado en un texto original del segundo, 'Homo Modernus: Tractatus philosophicus' es uno de los dos cortos españoles que fueron seleccionados para la final del concurso YoutubePlay celebrada en el museo Guggenheim de Bilbao en el año 2010. La presentación de los autores fue la siguiente: 'Si en un universo paralelo Ludwig Wittgenstein y Marshall McLuhan se hubiesen casado, su hija–robot habría hecho una animación como esta. Esperamos que les guste'. Una interesante y crítica reflexión sobre lo que ellos llaman el Homo Modernus, es decir, sobre nosotros mismos. El hombre del presente, inmerso en el capitalismo, la sociedad de consumo y de la información; el hombre al que el sistema ha hecho, mediante las pautas de consumo y producción, a su imagen y semejanza; el hombre que lo tiene que externalizar todo quedando como un jarrón vacío; el hombre al que definen como un híbrido entre hiena y tiburón, que mientras ríe de todo, confuso y vacío, permite que los tiburones sigan, como es propio de su comportamiento, cazando solos.Directed by Iñigo Orduña and Claudio Molinari and based on an original text of the second, 'Homo Modernus: Tractatus Philosophicus' is one of the two Spanish short films selected for the Youtubeplay final competition held at the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao in 2010. The presentation of the authors was: 'If in a parallel universe Ludwig Wittgenstein would married Marshall McLuhan, his daughter-robot would have made an animation like this. Hope you like'. An interesting and critical reflection on what they call the Homo Modernus, ie, ourselves. The man of the present, steeped in Capitalism and the consumer and information society; the man whom the system, through patterns of consumption and production, has made in his image and likeness; the man who has to outsource all leaving himself as an empty vase; the man who is defined as a hybrid of hyena and shark, who while laughs, confused and empty, still allows sharks, as befits their behavior, hunt alone." 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