14/07/2014

Consciousness and free will

Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding.

He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition.

In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1763 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2036) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:00:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:00:43" ["post_content"]=> string(1828) "'Los jóvenes son el futuro'. Nació en 1954 en Tíbet y a los cinco años tuvo que abandonar su país debido a la invasión china. Poco después, y gracias a los auspicios del Dalai Lama y el gobierno indio, ingresó en una escuela para refugiados tibetanos en Dalhousie, India, donde estudió su propia lengua, cultura, historia, arte y filosofía budista, así como inglés e hindi. A los dieciséis años ingresó en el monasterio de Namgyal, el monasterio privado del Dalai Lama en Dharamsala, donde pasó 11 años estudiando la doctrina budista. Fue director de Lama Project, un proyecto de recopilación y grabación en vídeo de las tradiciones y enseñanzas preservadas por los lamas más ancianos, a fin de asegurar su continuidad. Después de unos años de intenso intercambio cultural con occidente, en 1994 creó la Casa del Tíbet de Barcelona con el objetivo de divulgar la cultura tibetana, de la que además es director.'Young people are the future'. Born in 1954 in Tibet, at age of five had to leave their country because of the Chinese invasion. Shortly after, thanks to the auspices of the Dalai Lama and the Indian government, joined a school for Tibetan refugees in Dalhousie, India, where he studied his own language, culture, history, art and Buddhist philosophy and English and Hindi. At sixteen he joined the Namgyal Monastery, the Dalai Lama's private monastery in Dharamsala, where he spent 11 years studying Buddhist doctrine. He was director of Lama Project, a project to compile and video recording of the traditions and teachings preserved by the elderly lamas, to ensure continuity. After years of intense cultural exchange with the West, in 1994 created the Tibet House in Barcelona with the aim of spreading Tibetan culture, which is also the director. " ["post_title"]=> string(120) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Thubten WangchenWHAT ABOUT: The future by Thubten Wangchen" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(41) "what-about-the-future-by-thubten-wangchen" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:59" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:59" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2036" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1757 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(7304) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2016-01-14 13:28:32" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2016-01-14 12:28:32" ["post_content"]=> string(3127) "¿Cuál es el sentido de la vida? ¿Tiene un sentido la vida? Estas son preguntas existenciales, forman parte de lo que supone existir como ser humano. Sin embargo actualmente, con el declive de la religión y la consiguiente diversificación de qués y porqués —tantos como personas y visiones del mundo—, sus respuestas parecen más complejas que nunca y aparecen como conflictivas, y por tanto como posibles fuentes de infelicidad. Este vídeo de The School of Life, plataforma de difusión del conocimiento para el desarrollo de las emociones y el bienestar psicológico y social de las personas, nos propone un recorrido rápido, divertido y muy didáctico para contestar a todas estas preguntas, basado en el cómo y no en el qué. ¿Cómo podemos dotar a nuestra vida de sentido? En términos absolutos y científicos el sentido es la reproducción de la especie, pero eso ni se acerca a satisfacer estos interrogantes, propios de la posmodernidad y de la situación derivada de tener nuestras necesidades básicas cubiertas. Los seres humanos somos los únicos seres vivos de la Tierra que podemos pensar ideas sobre las ideas, ideas de las ideas, metaideas. Desenredemos este ovillo: nuestras ideas existenciales no tienen respuestas absolutas y para nuestra felicidad no hay fórmula que exista. ¿Cómo damos entonces sentido a nuestra vida? ¿Cuál es la clave de esta metaidea? En este documento encontramos uno de los secretos, no nos da una respuesta pero sí herramientas para hacer, por lo menos, que la percepción del sentido de nuestra existencia y nuestra existencia en sí misma sea algo más feliz. Una pista: ¡No estamos solos! What is the meaning of life? The life have one sense? These are existential questions, form part of what is be a human. However, now, with the decline of religion and the consequent diversification of whats, whys and where we go (how many people and their worldviews) seem more complex than ever, and shows like a conflict, and therefore as potential sources of unhappiness. This video made by School of life, platform for dissemination of knowledge for the development of emotions and psychological and social well-being of people, proposes a fast, fun and very educational tour to answer all these questions, based on how and not why. How can we give our lives meaning? In absolute terms and scientists, the meaning is the reproduction of the species, but that, don't satisfy these questions, typical of postmodernism and the situation resulting from having our basic needs. Human beings are the only creatures on earth that we can create ideas about ideas (ideas of ideas), 'metaideas'. Untangling this ball: our existential ideas have no absolute answers to our happiness and no formula exists for this. How then give meaning to our lives, what is the key to this 'metaidea'? In this video we find one of the secrets, it does not give us an answer but tools to make, at least, that the perception of the meaning of our existence and our existence itself be something happier. Hint: We are not alone!" ["post_title"]=> string(66) "Vida y sentidoLife and meaning" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(16) "life-and-meaning" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-19 12:54:51" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-19 10:54:51" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=7304" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1765 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(812) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:19:04" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:19:04" ["post_content"]=> string(1403) "Bertrand Russell fue un filósofo, matemático y escritor británico galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Literatura y reconocido por su influencia en la filosofía analítica, por sus trabajos matemáticos y por su activismo social. A la pregunta de qué les contaría a nuestros descendientes de dentro de cien años sobre las cuestiones que ha aprendido a lo largo de su vida, Russell da dos respuestas: una intelectual y otra moral. La intelectual aboga por la objetividad en los análisis, y la moral incluye la frase 'El amor es sabio, el odio es estúpido', que lo dice todo para quien quiera entenderlo.Bertrand Russell was a British philosopher, mathematician and writer, winner of a Nobel Prize in Literature and well known for his influence in analytical philosophy, his mathematics studies and his social activism. When asked what he will tell, in a hundred years time, to our descendants about what he has learned throughout his life, Russell gives two answers: an intellectual one and a moral one. The intellectual pleads for objectivity in analysis and the moral one includes the sentence 'Love is wise, hate is foolish' which tells everything in itself to whom is willing to understand it. " ["post_title"]=> string(103) "El amor es sabio, el odio es estúpidoLove is wise, hate is foolish" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(28) "love-is-wise-hate-is-foolish" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:40:55" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:40:55" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=727" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "2" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1906 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(1880) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:07:41" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:07:41" ["post_content"]=> string(2385) "Muhammad Ali es un ex boxeador afroamericano y estadounidense, tres veces campeón mundial de los pesos pesados, aunque en realidad es mucho más que eso. Ante todo es un luchador —contra otros boxeadores, contra la herencia de los antepasados que esclavizaron a los suyos (nacido Cassius Clay, cambió su nombre por ese motivo), contra el gobierno estadounidense al negarse a ir a la guerra de Vietnam o contra su Alzheimer final— y una figura excepcionalmente valiente y coherente que ha influido en la sociedad como pocos personajes del siglo XX. Gracias a él, entre otros, muchos americanos descendientes de africanos aprendieron a relacionarse mejor con sus orígenes. Famoso también por sus sentencias ingeniosas y llenas de humor, incluso hay quien le ve como un precursor del rap. En este vídeo, respondiendo a la pregunta de un entrevistador, nos explica su receta de la vida: —4 tazas de amor —1 cuchara de paciencia —1 cucharilla de generosidad —1 pinta de bondad —1 cuarto de placer —1 pizca de motivación Mezclar todo con voluntad, felicidad y montones de fe, después remover y extender durante toda una vida.Muhammad Ali is a former and African American boxer, three-time world champion heavyweight, but he is much more than that. First and foremost is a fighter —against other boxers, against the heritage of ancestors who enslaved his people (born Cassius Clay, changed his name for that reason), against the US government by refusing to go to the Vietnam War or against his final Alzheimer— and an exceptionally brave and consistent figure that has influenced society as few characters of the twentieth century. Thanks to him, among others, many Americans of African descent learned to relate better to their origins. Famous also for its ingenious humorous sentences, some even see him as a forerunner of rap. In this video, answering an interviewer's question, explains his recipe for life: —4 cups of love —1 table spoon of patience —1 tea spoon of generosity —1 pint of kindness —1 quarter of laugh to —1 pinch of concern Mix all with purpose, happiness and lots of faith, then stir it up and spreading it during a lifetime." 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