18/05/2012

Consciousness is the alternative to neoliberalism

José Saramago was a Portuguese novelist, poet, journalist and playwright. In 1998 he was awarded with the Nobel Prize in Literature. The Swedish Academy highlighted his ‘ability to make understandable an elusive reality with parables sustained by imagination, compassion and irony’.

In this speech, with a high political accent, well structured and brave, he warns us —or rather remembers us— that the alternative to this voracious neoliberalism is inside each of us and it is called awareness.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1673 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4055) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-02-25 00:02:54" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-02-24 23:02:54" ["post_content"]=> string(755) "'Creo que el dinero terminará desapareciendo'. Periodista, escritor, editor y profesor de periodismo cultural en la Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona y en la Universitat Pompeu Fabra, desde el año 2010 dirige Ediciones La Llave, proyecto editorial de la Fundación Claudio Naranjo, y es director literario de Getafe Negro, festival de novela policiaca de Madrid.'I think the money will end up disappearing'. Journalist, writer, editor and cultural journalism professor at the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona and the Universitat Pompeu Fabra, since 2010 is the director at Ediciones La Llave, editorial project of the Claudio Naranjo Foundation and literary director of Getafe Negro, festival Madrid crime novel." ["post_title"]=> string(110) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por David BarbaWHAT ABOUT: The future by David Barba" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-david-barba" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:53:42" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:53:42" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4055" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1671 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(902) ["post_author"]=> string(3) "420" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-09-17 00:01:45" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-09-16 22:01:45" ["post_content"]=> string(3950) "Según la definición más común de la Real Academia Española, la música es el arte de combinar los sonidos de la voz humana o de los instrumentos, o de unos y otros a la vez, de modo que produzcan deleite, conmoviendo la sensibilidad, ya sea alegre, ya tristemente. Así pues, la RAE atribuye a la música el 'poder' de conmover, bien para alegrarnos o entristecernos. El concepto de música ha ido evolucionando desde su origen en la antigua Grecia, donde era una de las seis bellas artes, junto a la arquitectura, la escultura, la pintura, la literatura y la danza. Es innegable, por tanto, que la música es algo inmaterial, a veces difícil de definir. El origen de la palabra viene del griego y significa 'el arte de las musas', ya que los antiguos helenos consideraban que estaba inspirada por estas diosas. La música puede ser un simple reflejo de un estado de ánimo, pero también puede modificarlo. La Historia está repleta de ejemplos de ambos casos: acordémonos de himnos que mostraban un sentir general —la canción 'Libertad sin ira', del grupo Jarcha, en la Transición española— o melodías que han contribuido a ver las cosas de otra manera, incluso a cambiarlas —Los Beatles, por ejemplo, llegaron a ser percibidos como la encarnación de los ideales progresistas, extendiendo su influencia en las revoluciones sociales y culturales de la década de 1960—. Tampoco podemos olvidar movimientos como el punk, con los Sex Pistols a la cabeza. Sin embargo, parece que desde entonces este poder transformador está diluido. Son tiempos duros los que estamos viviendo, y la música tiene un papel de simple divertimento. Nadie, o muy pocos, componen concienciados de que la música es capaz de ser mucho más. O puede que lo hagan, pero su trabajo no consigue llegar a nuestros oídos, bien por el mercantilismo que impera, bien porque la sociedad aún no es verdaderamente consciente de que las cosas deben cambiar. Confiemos en que la música vuelva a ser un motor de cambio que remueva conciencias. ¡Habrá que tener los oídos bien abiertos!According to the most common definition of the Royal Spanish Academy, music is the art of combining sounds of the human voice or instruments, or both at a time, so as to produce pleasure, stirring up sensitivity either happily or sadly. So, the RAE attributes to music the 'power' of moving either to cheer or to sadden. The concept of music has evolved from its origins in ancient Greece, where it was one of six fine arts, along with architecture, sculpture, painting, literature and dance. Therefore, it is undeniable, that music is something intangible, sometimes difficult to define. The origin of the word comes from greek and means 'the art of the Muses', as the ancient Greeks believed that it was inspired by these goddesses. Music can be a simple reflection of a state of mind, but it can also modify it. History is full with examples of both cases: remember hymns which showed a general feeling —the song 'Libertad sin ira', by Jarcha, a group from the Spanish Transition— or melodies that have helped to see things differently, even to change them —The Beatles, for example, came to be perceived as the incarnation of progressive ideals, extending its influence during the social and cultural revolutions of the 1960s—. We can’t forget neither movements like punk, lead by the Sex Pistols. However, it seems that since then, this transformer power is diluted. We are currently living hard times and music plays the role of a simple entertainment. No one, or very few, compose aware that music can be much more. Or maybe they do, but their work can not reach our ears, either because mercantilism is prevailing or either because society is still not truly aware that things must change Let us hope that music will become again an engine of change that will stir minds up. We will have to keep our ears wide open!" 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Permanece en un hospital durante 20 años y cuando, todavía amnésico, escapa del hospital, regresa a su ciudad y abre de nuevo su antigua barbería. Pero los tiempos han cambiado: el país es gobernado por el dictador Hynkel y existe una brutal discriminación contra los judíos. El soldado-barbero guarda un parecido asombroso con el dictador, lo que dará pie a una confusión por la cual deberá pronunciar un discurso sobre el inicio de la conquista del mundo que pasará a los anales de la historia del cine y del idealismo. 'El gran dictador' es una película de 1940 escrita, dirigida y protagonizada por Charles Chaplin.At the end of First World War, an Army soldier has an accident in which he loses his memory and remains in a hospital for 20 years. When, still amnesic, escapes from the hospital, he returns to his town and reopens his old barber. But times have changed: dictator Hynkel rules the country and there is a brutal discrimination to Jews. The soldier-barber has a striking resemblance to the dictator, which will raise a confusion after which he will deliver a speech about the beginning of the world’s conquest that will go down in the annals of cinema’s history and idealism. 'The Great Dictator' is a film from 1940, written, directed and starred by Charles Chaplin." 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En esta entrevista, realizada años antes de la aparición de Internet, nos habla, con una seguridad y una lucidez apabullantes, de cómo tendremos un ordenador en cada hogar, de cómo la información estará colgada en enormes bibliotecas virtuales a las que cualquiera podrá acceder, de cómo eso ayudará a democratizar la educación y a ajustarla a los intereses y velocidad de cada persona, de cómo el aprendizaje podrá —puede— volverse un placer.Isaac Asimov was a Russian writer and biochemical, US citizen, known for being a successful and exceptionally prolific author of science fiction, history and scientific dissemination. In this interview, conducted years before the advent of the Internet, he talks, with an overwhelming confidence and clarity, about how we will have a computer in every home, about how information will be hung in huge virtual libraries to which anyone will be able to access, about how this will help to democratize education and adjust it to each one’s interests and speed, of how learning will —can— become a pleasure." 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