11/08/2014

How to choose correctly

Michael J Sandel is a philosopher and a professor at Harvard University in Justice and Political Philosophy. He have more than two decades teaching the subject Justice, which has been established as the subject with more registrations Harvard’s history with over 14,000 trainees. Sandel belongs to the school of thought of Communitarianism and is known for his criticism of the Theory of Justice by John Rawls and his work ethic and study on genetic engineering and bioethics in general. In his book What money can not buy challenges the idea of the supposed neutrality of markets in morally level. Advocating the importance and existence of morality and justice —or lack thereof— in all acts and walks of life not only in the personal but also political, economic and spiritual-religious, areas in this way are affected each other.

This video is one of the twelve chapters of a series co-produced by WGBH and Harvard University called Justice: What is the right thing to do?, where abridged versions of the thinker classes are offered in University.

This chapter is the presentation of the course, which addresses the issue of ethics and morality in the practical sense, deals with moral dilemmas through questions where we must choose what is right. Through a few simple assumptions and dilemmas, Sandel reflects the history and heritage in this vast vast subject of the giants of thought in political philosophy, justice, ethics and morality as Aristotle, Kant, Locke or Stuart Mill. Dilemmas eternal and present in political and moral philosophy from the beginning, always open but that condition our behavior at the individual level but also political and community.

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To choose is to resign, and sometimes you have to do it. How to know when? —Image Pexels

His questions and conclusions through a format oriented class discussion —Socratic method— through questions and answers by establishing a dialogue with students —or viewers— where theory becomes practice by integrating moral issues in the individual himself to understand the consequences of our ideas and budgets and moral codes at the community level, in order to reach a true and deep understanding of justice and as, according to the manner in which these dilemmas and moral resolve which hides behind thought and practice can understand the history and some of the most immoral acts we have lived as Humanity, and perhaps in the future we can remedy.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1729 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6717) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2019-06-30 00:01:55" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2019-06-29 22:01:55" ["post_content"]=> string(4957) "El deseo es una fuerza inherente a toda materia y a todo ser, y se manifiesta a través de la atracción —eros, amor— y a través de la repulsión —misos, odio—. A su vez el amor y el odio, hijos del deseo y no al revés, se parten cada uno en dos: el amor a uno mismo y el amor al otro, el odio a uno mismo y el odio al otro. Cuatro movimientos básicos, dos de atracción y dos de repulsión, de los que surgen todas las pasiones, aquí llamadas simplemente 'experiencias del deseo'. Las experiencias derivadas del apego a uno mismo como el narcisismo o el egoísmo; las derivadas del apego al otro como el sexo, el amor a los objetos o el amor al saber; las derivadas del odio a uno mismo como el masoquismo, la anorexia, la angustia o la desesperación; las derivadas del odio al otro como la venganza, el sadismo, el asesinato o la guerra son aquí percibidas como hijas de las fuerzas de atracción y repulsión del deseo, y entre todas conforman un fluido lleno de matices y contradicciones que anima por igual a los seres y las cosas. W_lasexperienciasdeldeseo
'Campo magnético', Berenice Abbott, 1982
A través de un discurso ajeno a los juicios morales y a las omisiones interesadas acerca de los abismos que constituyen la naturaleza humana, 'Las experiencias del deseo', obra de Jesús Ferrero ganadora del Premio Anagrama de Ensayo en el año 2009, va desplegando una geografía de las pasiones donde la negatividad es vista como una fuerza necesaria y fundamental que anima desde dentro la mecánica de la vida y el fluir del Universo. Por eso, las pasiones consideradas negativas y disgregadoras tienen aquí el mismo rango que las consideradas positivas y cohesionadoras, y por la misma razón se evitan conceptos como perversión, desviación o enfermedad para definir lo que en esencia sólo son, insiste el autor, experiencias del deseo. Ferrero consigue aunar el estudio de la filosofía y la psicología con la literatura, y va construyendo poco a poco, en siete partes y un epílogo, una historia sobre nuestros amores y nuestros odios y de cómo actúan en la persona desde el vientre materno hasta el fin de sus días. Desire is a force inherent in all matter and all being, manifested through attraction —eros, love— and repulsion —misos, hate—. In turn, the love and hate, sons of desire and not the opposite, are split each into two: the love of self and love the other, hate yourself and hate the other. Four basic movements, two of attraction and two of repulsion, from where arise all the passions, here simply called 'experiences of desire'. The experiences derived from attachment oneself as narcissism or selfishness; derived from attachment to other as sex or the love of things or knowledge; derived from self-hatred as masochism, anorexia, anxiety or desperation; derived from hate to another as revenge, sadism, murder or war are perceived here as daughters of the forces of attraction and repulsion of desire, and among all form a nuanced and contradictory fluid, which encourage beings and also things. W_lasexperienciasdeldeseo
'Magnetic field', Berenice Abbott, 1982
Through a speech avoiding moral judgments and the depths that constitute human nature, 'The experiences of desire', the work of Jesús Ferrero winner of the Anagrama Essay Prize in 2009, unfolds a geography of passions where negativity is seen as a necessary and vital force that animates from within the mechanics of life and the flow of the Universe. Therefore, the considered negative and divisive passions have here the same range as those considered positive and integrative, and for the same reason concepts as perversion, diversion or disease are eliminated to define what are essentially only experiences of desire. Ferrero manages to combine the study of philosophy and psychology with literature, and gradually builds, into seven parts and an epilogue, a story about our loves and our hates and how they act in the person from birth to the end of his days. " ["post_title"]=> string(87) "Las experiencias del deseoThe experiences of desire" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(25) "the-experiences-of-desire" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-03-20 23:16:50" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-03-20 22:16:50" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6717" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1723 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3983) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-02-18 00:02:17" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-02-17 23:02:17" ["post_content"]=> string(2183) "Alan Watts fue un filósofo, escritor, editor, conferenciante, sacerdote anglicano y experto en religión británico. Se le conoce sobre todo por su labor como intérprete y divulgador de las filosofías asiáticas para la audiencia occidental. Escribió más de 25 libros y numerosos artículos sobre temas como la identidad personal, la verdadera naturaleza de la realidad, la elevación de la conciencia y la búsqueda de la felicidad, relacionando su experiencia con el conocimiento científico y con la enseñanza de las religiones y filosofías orientales y occidentales —budismo, taoísmo, cristianismo, hinduismo, etc—. Becado por la Universidad de Harvard y la Bollingen Foundation, obtuvo un máster en teología por el seminario teológico Sudbury-Western y un doctorado honoris causa por la Universidad de Vermont, en reconocimiento a su contribución al campo de las religiones comparadas. En este vídeo defiende la existencia de un vínculo entre todo lo que hay en el Universo y habla de la importancia de las creencias y de cómo al modificarlas se producen cambios en las emociones y en el comportamiento.Alan Watts was a British philosopher, writer, editor, lecturer, Anglican priest and expert on religion. He is known primarily for his work as an interpreter and popularizer of Asian philosophies for a Western audience. He wrote more than 25 books and numerous articles on subjects such as personal identity, the true nature of reality, consciousness raising and the pursuit of happiness, relating his experience to scientific knowledge and the teaching of religions and philosophies East and West —Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, Hinduism, etc—. Grant from Harvard University and the Bollingen Foundation, obtained a masters in theology from the Sudbury-Western Theological Seminary and an honorary doctorate from the University of Vermont, in recognition of his contribution to the field of comparative religion. In this video defends the existence of a link between everything in the Universe and talks about the importance of our beliefs and how to modify them are changes in emotions and behavior." ["post_title"]=> string(123) "La gente de las antípodas ya no se caePeople from the antipodes don't fall off anymore" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(38) "la-gente-de-las-antipodas-ya-no-se-cae" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-16 13:45:43" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-16 12:45:43" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3983" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1730 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4635) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-04-22 00:01:21" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-04-21 22:01:21" ["post_content"]=> string(2925) "José Luis Sampedro fue un escritor, humanista y economista español que abogó por una economía 'más humana, más solidaria, capaz de contribuir a desarrollar la dignidad de los pueblos'. 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En referencia a esto, aportó su grano de arena en las protestas en España de mayo de 2011 escribiendo el prólogo a la edición española del libro '¡Indignáos!', de Stéphane Hessel. En este vídeo habla sobre el deber de vivir una vida propia, sobre la naturalidad de la muerte y sobre la vigencia del eslogan de la Revolución Francesa: Libertad, igualdad y fraternidad.José Luis Sampedro was a writer, humanist and Spanish economist who advocated an economy 'more humane, more caring, able to contribute to developing the dignity of people'. In 2008 he was awarded with the Medal of the Order of Charlemagne of the Principality of Andorra; in April 2009 was honored as doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Seville; in June 2010 was awarded the International Prize XXIV Menéndez Pelayo for their 'multiple contributions to human thought' from its facets as an economist, writer and teacher, and that same year the Spanish Council of Ministers awarded him with the Order of Arts and Letters of Spain for 'his outstanding literary career and his thought committed to the problems of his time'; in 2011 received the National Prize for Spanish Letters and in 2012 was invested Doctor Honoris Causa by the University of Alcalá. Sampedro exercised his critical humanism about moral and social decadence of the West, of neoliberalism and the brutalities of 'wild capitalism'. In reference to this, contributed their grain of sand on the protests in Spain in May 2011 writing the preface to the Spanish edition of the book 'Indignez-vous!' (Outrage!) by Stéphane Hessel. In this video he talks about the duty to live a life, on the naturalness of death and on the validity of the slogan of the French Revolution: Liberty, equality and fraternity. " ["post_title"]=> string(98) "El deber de vivir una vida propiaThe duty to live our own life" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(29) "the-duty-to-live-our-own-life" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:43:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:43:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4635" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1855 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2036) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:00:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:00:43" ["post_content"]=> string(1828) "'Los jóvenes son el futuro'. Nació en 1954 en Tíbet y a los cinco años tuvo que abandonar su país debido a la invasión china. Poco después, y gracias a los auspicios del Dalai Lama y el gobierno indio, ingresó en una escuela para refugiados tibetanos en Dalhousie, India, donde estudió su propia lengua, cultura, historia, arte y filosofía budista, así como inglés e hindi. A los dieciséis años ingresó en el monasterio de Namgyal, el monasterio privado del Dalai Lama en Dharamsala, donde pasó 11 años estudiando la doctrina budista. Fue director de Lama Project, un proyecto de recopilación y grabación en vídeo de las tradiciones y enseñanzas preservadas por los lamas más ancianos, a fin de asegurar su continuidad. Después de unos años de intenso intercambio cultural con occidente, en 1994 creó la Casa del Tíbet de Barcelona con el objetivo de divulgar la cultura tibetana, de la que además es director.'Young people are the future'. Born in 1954 in Tibet, at age of five had to leave their country because of the Chinese invasion. Shortly after, thanks to the auspices of the Dalai Lama and the Indian government, joined a school for Tibetan refugees in Dalhousie, India, where he studied his own language, culture, history, art and Buddhist philosophy and English and Hindi. At sixteen he joined the Namgyal Monastery, the Dalai Lama's private monastery in Dharamsala, where he spent 11 years studying Buddhist doctrine. He was director of Lama Project, a project to compile and video recording of the traditions and teachings preserved by the elderly lamas, to ensure continuity. After years of intense cultural exchange with the West, in 1994 created the Tibet House in Barcelona with the aim of spreading Tibetan culture, which is also the director. 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