11/08/2014

How to choose correctly

Michael J Sandel is a philosopher and a professor at Harvard University in Justice and Political Philosophy. He have more than two decades teaching the subject Justice, which has been established as the subject with more registrations Harvard’s history with over 14,000 trainees. Sandel belongs to the school of thought of Communitarianism and is known for his criticism of the Theory of Justice by John Rawls and his work ethic and study on genetic engineering and bioethics in general. In his book What money can not buy challenges the idea of the supposed neutrality of markets in morally level. Advocating the importance and existence of morality and justice —or lack thereof— in all acts and walks of life not only in the personal but also political, economic and spiritual-religious, areas in this way are affected each other.

This video is one of the twelve chapters of a series co-produced by WGBH and Harvard University called Justice: What is the right thing to do?, where abridged versions of the thinker classes are offered in University.

This chapter is the presentation of the course, which addresses the issue of ethics and morality in the practical sense, deals with moral dilemmas through questions where we must choose what is right. Through a few simple assumptions and dilemmas, Sandel reflects the history and heritage in this vast vast subject of the giants of thought in political philosophy, justice, ethics and morality as Aristotle, Kant, Locke or Stuart Mill. Dilemmas eternal and present in political and moral philosophy from the beginning, always open but that condition our behavior at the individual level but also political and community.

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To choose is to resign, and sometimes you have to do it. How to know when? —Image Pexels

His questions and conclusions through a format oriented class discussion —Socratic method— through questions and answers by establishing a dialogue with students —or viewers— where theory becomes practice by integrating moral issues in the individual himself to understand the consequences of our ideas and budgets and moral codes at the community level, in order to reach a true and deep understanding of justice and as, according to the manner in which these dilemmas and moral resolve which hides behind thought and practice can understand the history and some of the most immoral acts we have lived as Humanity, and perhaps in the future we can remedy.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1678 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3987) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-02-11 00:02:02" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-02-10 23:02:02" ["post_content"]=> string(2541) "Thich Nhat Hanh es un maestro zen vietnamita, además de monje budista y activista por la paz. Fundador de la Escuela de la Juventud para los Servicios Sociales, la Universidad Budista de Vanh Hanh, la editorial Le Boi Press y la Orden del Interser, enseñó en la Universidad de Columbia y en la Sorbona y fue nominado por Martin Luther King para el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1967. Tuvo que exiliarse como refugiado político en Francia en 1972, debido al combate pacífico que emprendió durante la guerra de Vietnam. Actualmente vive en una comunidad de enseñanza budista llamada Plum Village fundada en 1982 cerca de Burdeos, aunque viaja constantemente por el mundo impartiendo enseñanzas y ayudando a los refugiados. Ha escrito más de 60 libros en inglés, francés y vietnamita, y algunos de ellos han sido traducidos al español. Sus textos y conferencias se centran principalmente en la necesidad de transmitir a la acción cotidiana y social una intención profunda de amor surgido de una atención consciente. En este vídeo, una asistente a una de sus conferencias le solicita consejo para los jóvenes que luchan por los derechos sociales en todo el mundo y especialmente en el contexto de la crisis que se está produciendo en Europa.Thich Nhat Hanh is a Vietnamese Zen master, besides Buddhist monk and peace activist. Founder of the School of Youth for Social Services, Vanh Hanh Buddhist University, publisher Le Boi Press and the Order of Interbeing, he taught at Columbia University and at the Sorbonne and was nominated by Martin Luther King for Nobel Peace Prize in 1967. He was exiled as a political refugee in France in 1972, due to the peaceful struggle that began during the Vietnam War. He currently lives in a buddhist teaching community called Plum Village founded in 1982 near Bordeaux, although constantly travels the world giving teachings and helping refugees. He has written more than 60 books in English, French and Vietnamese, and some of them have been translated into Spanish. His writings and lectures focus primarily on the need to transmit in the social daily action a profound intention of love emerged from conscious attention. In this video, an assistant to one of his lectures prompted advice to young people who fight for social rights throughout the world and especially in the context of the crisis that is occurring in Europe." ["post_title"]=> string(86) "El sistema somos nosotrosWe, we, we are the system" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "we-we-we-are-the-system" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:06:18" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:06:18" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3987" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1672 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6822) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-07-14 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(2707) "Daniel Dennet es un filósofo y escritor de origen estadounidense. Doctor y catedrático en filosofía, ha sido uno de los pensadores más destacados en filosofía de la ciencia, y concretamente en ciencias cognitivas. Temas como conciencia, intencionalidad, inteligencia artificial, memética, el estudio de la significación actual del Darwinismo o la religión, han sido algunas de las áreas donde su trabajo ha sido más destacado. Está considerado uno de los cuatro jinetes de la corriente de pensamiento del Nuevo Ateísmo junto a Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris y Cristopher Hitchens, con los que se ha dado forma a la versión más contemporánea de esta idea. Su ciencia se ha distinguido por  buscar una filosofía de la mente y del universo cognitivo a través del empirismo, el método científico y la verificación para aportar base científica basada en los hechos sobre la conciencia, la intencionalidad, la responsabilidad y todo lo que se refiere a la cognición humana. En esta entrevista sobre el tema específico de la conciencia y el libre albedrío, Dennet hace una profunda reflexión en zigzag a través de tres preguntas para llegar a una conclusión potente y acorde a tamaña figura del pensamiento contemporáneo.Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding. He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition. In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought." ["post_title"]=> string(91) "Conciencia y libre albedríoConsciousness and free will" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "consciousness-and-free-will" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 19:02:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 18:02:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6822" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1679 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5510) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-01-06 00:01:29" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-01-05 23:01:29" ["post_content"]=> string(2146) "Dirigido por Iñigo Orduña y Claudio Molinari y basado en un texto original del segundo, 'Homo Modernus: Tractatus philosophicus' es uno de los dos cortos españoles que fueron seleccionados para la final del concurso YoutubePlay celebrada en el museo Guggenheim de Bilbao en el año 2010. La presentación de los autores fue la siguiente: 'Si en un universo paralelo Ludwig Wittgenstein y Marshall McLuhan se hubiesen casado, su hija–robot habría hecho una animación como esta. Esperamos que les guste'. Una interesante y crítica reflexión sobre lo que ellos llaman el Homo Modernus, es decir, sobre nosotros mismos. El hombre del presente, inmerso en el capitalismo, la sociedad de consumo y de la información; el hombre al que el sistema ha hecho, mediante las pautas de consumo y producción, a su imagen y semejanza; el hombre que lo tiene que externalizar todo quedando como un jarrón vacío; el hombre al que definen como un híbrido entre hiena y tiburón, que mientras ríe de todo, confuso y vacío, permite que los tiburones sigan, como es propio de su comportamiento, cazando solos.Directed by Iñigo Orduña and Claudio Molinari and based on an original text of the second, 'Homo Modernus: Tractatus Philosophicus' is one of the two Spanish short films selected for the Youtubeplay final competition held at the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao in 2010. The presentation of the authors was: 'If in a parallel universe Ludwig Wittgenstein would married Marshall McLuhan, his daughter-robot would have made an animation like this. Hope you like'. An interesting and critical reflection on what they call the Homo Modernus, ie, ourselves. The man of the present, steeped in Capitalism and the consumer and information society; the man whom the system, through patterns of consumption and production, has made in his image and likeness; the man who has to outsource all leaving himself as an empty vase; the man who is defined as a hybrid of hyena and shark, who while laughs, confused and empty, still allows sharks, as befits their behavior, hunt alone." 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Fue sometido a resonancias magnéticas nucleares y conectado a 256 sensores para detectar su nivel de estrés, irritabilidad, enfado, placer, satisfacción y multitud de sensaciones diferentes, y los resultados fueron comparados con los obtenidos en cientos de voluntarios cuya felicidad fue clasificada en niveles que iban del +0.3 —muy infeliz— a –0.3 —muy feliz—. Matthieu logró –0.45, desbordando los límites previstos en el estudio, superando todos los registros anteriores y ganándose un título que él mismo no termina de aceptar. Prefiere limitarse a resaltar que efectivamente la cantidad de 'emociones positivas' que produce su cerebro está 'muy lejos de los parámetros normales'. Matthieu es un monje budista que reside en el monasterio Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling, en Nepal. Nació en París en 1946 y es hijo de Jean-François Revel, un filósofo francés de renombre, por lo que creció rodeado de la élite intelectual francesa. Doctorado en genética molecular en el Instituto Pasteur, tras terminar su tesis doctoral en 1972 decidió abandonar la carrera científica y concentrarse en la práctica del budismo tibetano. Vivió en el Himalaya y fue discípulo de Kangyur Rinpoche, maestro de una ancestral escuela budista de la tradición Nyingma. Después se convirtió en discípulo cercano de Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche hasta su muerte en 1991, y desde entonces es asesor personal del decimocuarto Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. En esta entrevista, realizada en el canal Vision, explica cómo la felicidad es algo que puede conseguirse a través del aprendizaje y el entrenamiento, igual que leer, escribir, andar en bicicleta o tocar música de Mozart.After years of study of his brain in the affective neuroscience laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, USA, in April 2007 Matthieu Ricard was considered as 'the happiest man in the world'. He was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance and connected to 256 sensors to detect his stress, irritability, anger, pleasure, satisfaction and many different sensations, and the results were compared with those obtained from hundreds of volunteers whose happiness was classified at levels ranged from 0.3 (very unhappy) to -0.3 (very happy). Matthieu managed to -0.45, overflowing the limits provided in the study, surpassing all previous records and earning a title that he does not accept. He prefers to highlight that effectively the amount of 'positive emotions' that produces his brain is 'far from normal parameters'. Matthieu is a Buddhist monk who resides in the Dargyeling Tennyi Shechen monastery in Nepal. He was born in Paris in 1946 and is the son of Jean-François Revel, a French philosopher of renown, so he grew up surrounded by the French intellectual elite. PhD in molecular genetics at the Pasteur Institute, after completing his doctoral thesis in 1972 decided to abandon the scientific career and concentrate on the practice of Tibetan Buddhism. He lived in the Himalayas and was a disciple of Kangyur Rinpoche, master of an ancient Buddhist school of the Nyingma tradition. Then it became a close disciple of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche until his death in 1991, and since then is personal adviser to the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. In this interview, conducted on channel Vision, he explains how happiness is something that can be achieved through learning and training, just like reading, writing, bicycling or playing music of Mozart." 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