04/03/2013

Freedom and responsibility

Viktor Frankl was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. He survived from 1942 to 1945 in several Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Dachau, and from that experience he wrote the book ‘Man’s search for meaning’, which describes the life of the prisoner of a concentration camp from the perspective of a psychiatrist and explains that, even in the most extreme conditions of dehumanization and suffering, man can find a reason to live based on their spiritual dimension.

This reflection served to confirm and finalize the development of speech therapy, psychotherapy that proposes that the will to meaning is the primary motivation of human beings and that is considered the third Viennese school of psychology after Freud’s psychoanalysis and individual psychology of Adler.

Being very young, Frankl had maintained correspondence with Freud, who published some of his writings, but soon abandoned the psychoanalytic school and oriented towards the individual psychology of Adler, who also end up abandoning because of doctrinal differences.

He published more than 30 books, translated into many languages​​, taught courses and lectured around the world and received 29 honorary doctorates from several universities, including one from Universidad Francisco Marroquín in Guatemala, an institution that also honored him with the psychology clinic that bears his name.

In this interview he explains his views on the relations between concepts like freedom, circumstances, responsibility or attitude.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1675 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2847) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-02 00:03:39" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-01 22:03:39" ["post_content"]=> string(2089) "'En el futuro ganará importancia la conexión con uno mismo y con los demás'. Licenciado en ciencias biológicas por la Universidad de Navarra, master en administración de empresas por la Universidad de Deusto, titulado en gestión internacional de empresas por el INSEAD Business School Europe y DEA en psicología por la Universidad de las Islas Baleares, comenzó su carrera en empresas internacionales desempeñando distintos cargos directivos y recibiendo en dos ocasiones la medalla de oro de la cámara de comercio. Posteriormente, buscando una nueva orientación profesional, estudió reducción de estrés —MBSR— en el centro médico de la Universidad de Massachusetts obteniendo el grado de profesor. Actualmente compagina la consultoría en formación corporativa con la investigación en reducción de estrés, por cuyo trabajo recibió el premio a la investigación REIDE 2005. También es autor de los libros 'Con rumbo propio' y 'Sabiduría estratégica', ambos en la Editorial Plataforma, así como de varios artículos en revistas científicas y divulgativas.'In the future the connection with oneself and with others will gain importance'. With a degree in biological sciences from the University of Navarra, master in business administration from the University of Deusto, degree in international business management from INSEAD Business School Europe and DEA in psychology from the University of the Balearic Islands, he began his career in international business playing different positions and twice received the gold medal of the chamber of commerce. Later, seeking a career change, studied stress reduction —MBSR— at the Medical Center of the University of Massachusetts to obtain the rank of teacher. Currently he combines corporate training consulting with research in stress reduction, for which he received the research award Reide 2005. He is also author of the books 'Own Going' and 'Strategic Wisdom', both in Editorial Plataforma, as well as several articles in scientific journals and informative." ["post_title"]=> string(132) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Andrés Martín AsueroWHAT ABOUT: The future by Andrés Martín Asuero" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(45) "what-about-the-future-by-andres-martin-asuero" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:57:34" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:57:34" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2847" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1672 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4096) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-03-11 00:01:03" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-03-10 23:01:03" ["post_content"]=> string(3981) "'Una crisis es una oportunidad de futuro'. Empresario, escritor, economista, conferenciante internacional y consultor español. Ha vendido cerca de cinco millones de copias de sus diferentes libros, siendo algunos de ellos número uno en ventas tanto en lengua española como en otros idiomas. Asimismo, está considerado uno de los mayores expertos en psicología del liderazgo a nivel mundial. Licenciado en ciencias empresariales y MBA por ESADE, ahora dirige en esa misma escuela seminarios sobre innovación, gestión del cambio, gestión del talento, gestión de personas y pensamiento creativo para altos directivos de empresas y ONGs. Su producción literaria aborda diferentes géneros: el ensayo en obras como ‘La brújula interior’, ‘La buena vida’ o ‘La buena crisis’, la ficción empresarial en ‘El beneficio’, la novela en ‘La última respuesta’ y el relato en ‘Los siete poderes’, ‘El laberinto de la felicidad’, ‘Un corazón lleno de estrellas’ o ‘La buena suerte’, que ha sido su obra de mayor impacto internacional. Editada en 42 idiomas con un éxito sin precedentes en la literatura de no ficción española, vendió más de tres millones de copias en tan sólo dos años y recibió el premio al mejor libro del año en Japón en 2004 con la unanimidad de crítica, público y profesionales del sector editorial. Es también coordinador de una colección de la editorial Aguilar que lleva su nombre y en la que se publican ensayos, relatos y libros de empresa suyos y de otros autores. Colabora habitualmente con distintos medios de comunicación nacionales y extranjeros, como El País Semanal, La Vanguardia, TVE, TV3, Cadena Ser (con Carles Francino), Catalunya Ràdio (con Gaspar Hernández), CNN+ (con Antonio San José) o la revista japonesa de psicología Psiko. En sus colaboraciones aborda tanto cuestiones relacionadas con la innovación, la creatividad, la gestión de personas o la gestión empresarial como contenidos relacionados con la psicología, la filosofía, la antropología o la sociología.'A crisis is an opportunity for the future'. Entrepreneur, writer, economist, international lecturer and consultant. He has sold around five million copies of his various books, some of which are number one in sales both in Spanish and in other languages. He is also considered one of the foremost experts on leadership psychology worldwide. Degree in Business and MBA from ESADE, now heads in that school seminars on innovation, change management, talent management, people management and creative thinking to senior management of companies and NGOs. His literary production approaches different genres: the essay in works like 'The internal compass', 'The good life' or 'The good crisis', the corporate fiction in 'The profit', the novel in 'The ultimate answer' and the story in 'The seven powers', 'The labyrinth of happiness', 'A heart full of stars' or 'Good luck', which has been his work with a greatest international impact. Published in 42 languages ​​with unprecedented success in the Spanish literary nonfiction, sold over three million copies in just two years and received the award for best book of the year in Japan in 2004, with unanimous acceptant by critical public and publishing professionals. He is also coordinator of a Editorial Aguilar collection that bears his name and which publishes essays, stories and books of himself and others. Collaborates with several national and foreign media, like El País Semanal, La Vanguardia, TVE (Spanish public television), TV3 (Catalan public television), Cadena Ser (with Carles Francino), Catalunya Radio (with Gaspar Hernandez), CNN+ (with Antonio San Jose) or the Japanese psychology magazine Psiko. In his collaborations addresses both issues related to innovation, creativity, people management or business management and content related to psychology, philosophy, anthropology and sociology." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Álex RoviraWHAT ABOUT: The future by Álex Rovira" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-alex-rovira" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:53:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:53:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4096" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1677 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2777) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-02 00:05:25" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-01 22:05:25" ["post_content"]=> string(3240) "Carl Gustav Jung fue un médico psiquiatra, psicólogo y ensayista suizo, y una figura clave en la etapa inicial del psicoanálisis. Fundó la escuela de psicología analítica, también llamada psicología de los complejos y psicología profunda. Relacionado a menudo con Sigmund Freud, de quien fuera colaborador en sus comienzos, fue un pionero de la psicología profunda y uno de los estudiosos de esta disciplina más ampliamente leídos durante el siglo XX. Su obra es prolífica y durante la mayor parte de su vida centró su trabajo en la formulación de teorías psicológicas y en la práctica clínica, aunque también hizo incursiones en otros campos de las humanidades, desde el estudio comparativo de las religiones, la filosofía y la sociología hasta la crítica del arte y la literatura. W_freud
En sus comienzos, Jung colaboró con Freud —Imagen Unknown Author
El abordaje teórico y clínico de Jung enfatizó la conexión funcional entre la estructura de la psique y la de sus productos, es decir, sus manifestaciones culturales. Esto le impulsó a incorporar a su metodología nociones procedentes de la antropología, la alquimia, los sueños, el arte, la mitología, la religión y la filosofía. En este vídeo nos habla sobre el poder del constante proceso de retroalimentación entre el mundo interior de cada uno y el exterior, entre lo imaginario y lo tangible, entre la fantasía y la realidad.Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss medical psychiatrist, psychologist and essayist, and a key figure in the beginnings of psychoanalysis. He founded the school of analytical psychology, also called psychology of the complexes and depth psychology. Often associated with Sigmund Freud, with whom he initially collaborated, he was a pioneer of depth psychology and one of the experts of this widely studied twentieth century discipline. His work is prolific and for most of his life he focused his work on the development of psychological theories and clinical practice. He also made forays into other fields of the humanities, from the comparative study of religions, philosophy and sociology to art criticism and literature. W_freud
In his beginnings, Jung collaborated with Freud —Image Unknown Author
Jung’s theoretical and clinical approach stressed the functional connection between the structure of the psyche and its products: its cultural manifestations. This prompted him to incorporate into his methodology ideas from anthropology, alchemy, dreams, art, mythology, religion and philosophy. In this video he talks about the power of constant feedback process between one’s inner world and the outside, between the imaginary and the tangible, between fantasy and reality." ["post_title"]=> string(107) "El mundo interior también es el mundoThe inner world is also the world" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(33) "the-inner-world-is-also-the-world" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-07 20:09:22" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-07 18:09:22" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2777" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1788 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4766) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-05-13 00:01:21" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-05-12 22:01:21" ["post_content"]=> string(3049) "'El sexo, la muerte y el sentido de la vida' es un documental de tres capítulos, presentado por el etólogo y zoólogo Richard Dawkins, que explora qué pueden aportar la razón y la ciencia a la mayoría de los aspectos de la vida humana. Conceptos como 'alma', 'más allá' o 'pecado' han marcado el pensamiento humano durante miles de años, y Dawkins cree que la ciencia puede responder a muchas de esas cuestiones que tradicionalmente se han confiado a la religión. En el primer episodio, 'Pecado', se examinan aspectos relacionados con la noción de pecado, además de los rituales y tabúes que lo envuelven. En el segundo, 'Vida después de la muerte', Dawkins investiga sobre las creencias alrededor de la muerte en diferentes lugares, desde funerales en India hasta laboratorios genéticos en Nueva York. Fusiona neurociencia, teorías evolutivas y genética para intentar comprender por qué envejecemos y por qué deseamos otra vida después de la muerte. Finalmente, en 'El sentido de la vida', analiza cómo personas religiosas y no religiosas lidian con la búsqueda de un sentido para sus vidas. A la pregunta '¿Qué impulsa a un ateo a levantarse cada mañana?', responde que cada uno debe encontrar o construir sus propios motivos.'Sex, death and the meaning of life' is a three-part documentary presented by Richard Dawkins which explores what reason and science might offer in major events of human lives. He argues that ideas about the soul and the afterlife, of sin and God's purpose have shaped human thinking for thousands of years, and he believes science can provide answers to some of these old questions we used to entrust to religion. In the first episode, 'Sin', he examines issues surrounding the notion of sin and explores the rituals that surround mating and the science of disgust and taboo. In the second one, 'Life after death', Dawkins tackles death. He investigates different beliefs about death and afterlife from Hindu funeral pyres in India to genetics labs in New York. He bring together neuroscience, evolutionary and genetic theory to examine how we age and why we crave life after death. Finally, in 'The meaning of life', he examines how both religious and non-religious people struggle to find meaning in their lives. To the question 'Why does an atheist bother to get up in the morning?', he argues that we each have to forge our own sense of meaning. " ["post_title"]=> string(73) "Vivir sin DiosLiving good without God" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "living-good-without-god" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:48:31" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:48:31" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4766" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }