04/03/2013

Freedom and responsibility

Viktor Frankl was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. He survived from 1942 to 1945 in several Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Dachau, and from that experience he wrote the book ‘Man’s search for meaning’, which describes the life of the prisoner of a concentration camp from the perspective of a psychiatrist and explains that, even in the most extreme conditions of dehumanization and suffering, man can find a reason to live based on their spiritual dimension.

This reflection served to confirm and finalize the development of speech therapy, psychotherapy that proposes that the will to meaning is the primary motivation of human beings and that is considered the third Viennese school of psychology after Freud’s psychoanalysis and individual psychology of Adler.

Being very young, Frankl had maintained correspondence with Freud, who published some of his writings, but soon abandoned the psychoanalytic school and oriented towards the individual psychology of Adler, who also end up abandoning because of doctrinal differences.

He published more than 30 books, translated into many languages​​, taught courses and lectured around the world and received 29 honorary doctorates from several universities, including one from Universidad Francisco Marroquín in Guatemala, an institution that also honored him with the psychology clinic that bears his name.

In this interview he explains his views on the relations between concepts like freedom, circumstances, responsibility or attitude.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1726 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2777) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-02 00:05:25" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-01 22:05:25" ["post_content"]=> string(3240) "Carl Gustav Jung fue un médico psiquiatra, psicólogo y ensayista suizo, y una figura clave en la etapa inicial del psicoanálisis. Fundó la escuela de psicología analítica, también llamada psicología de los complejos y psicología profunda. Relacionado a menudo con Sigmund Freud, de quien fuera colaborador en sus comienzos, fue un pionero de la psicología profunda y uno de los estudiosos de esta disciplina más ampliamente leídos durante el siglo XX. Su obra es prolífica y durante la mayor parte de su vida centró su trabajo en la formulación de teorías psicológicas y en la práctica clínica, aunque también hizo incursiones en otros campos de las humanidades, desde el estudio comparativo de las religiones, la filosofía y la sociología hasta la crítica del arte y la literatura. W_freud
En sus comienzos, Jung colaboró con Freud —Imagen Unknown Author
El abordaje teórico y clínico de Jung enfatizó la conexión funcional entre la estructura de la psique y la de sus productos, es decir, sus manifestaciones culturales. Esto le impulsó a incorporar a su metodología nociones procedentes de la antropología, la alquimia, los sueños, el arte, la mitología, la religión y la filosofía. En este vídeo nos habla sobre el poder del constante proceso de retroalimentación entre el mundo interior de cada uno y el exterior, entre lo imaginario y lo tangible, entre la fantasía y la realidad.Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss medical psychiatrist, psychologist and essayist, and a key figure in the beginnings of psychoanalysis. He founded the school of analytical psychology, also called psychology of the complexes and depth psychology. Often associated with Sigmund Freud, with whom he initially collaborated, he was a pioneer of depth psychology and one of the experts of this widely studied twentieth century discipline. His work is prolific and for most of his life he focused his work on the development of psychological theories and clinical practice. He also made forays into other fields of the humanities, from the comparative study of religions, philosophy and sociology to art criticism and literature. W_freud
In his beginnings, Jung collaborated with Freud —Image Unknown Author
Jung’s theoretical and clinical approach stressed the functional connection between the structure of the psyche and its products: its cultural manifestations. This prompted him to incorporate into his methodology ideas from anthropology, alchemy, dreams, art, mythology, religion and philosophy. In this video he talks about the power of constant feedback process between one’s inner world and the outside, between the imaginary and the tangible, between fantasy and reality." ["post_title"]=> string(107) "El mundo interior también es el mundoThe inner world is also the world" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(33) "the-inner-world-is-also-the-world" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-07 20:09:22" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-07 18:09:22" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2777" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1723 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4766) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-05-13 00:01:21" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-05-12 22:01:21" ["post_content"]=> string(3049) "'El sexo, la muerte y el sentido de la vida' es un documental de tres capítulos, presentado por el etólogo y zoólogo Richard Dawkins, que explora qué pueden aportar la razón y la ciencia a la mayoría de los aspectos de la vida humana. Conceptos como 'alma', 'más allá' o 'pecado' han marcado el pensamiento humano durante miles de años, y Dawkins cree que la ciencia puede responder a muchas de esas cuestiones que tradicionalmente se han confiado a la religión. En el primer episodio, 'Pecado', se examinan aspectos relacionados con la noción de pecado, además de los rituales y tabúes que lo envuelven. En el segundo, 'Vida después de la muerte', Dawkins investiga sobre las creencias alrededor de la muerte en diferentes lugares, desde funerales en India hasta laboratorios genéticos en Nueva York. Fusiona neurociencia, teorías evolutivas y genética para intentar comprender por qué envejecemos y por qué deseamos otra vida después de la muerte. Finalmente, en 'El sentido de la vida', analiza cómo personas religiosas y no religiosas lidian con la búsqueda de un sentido para sus vidas. 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" ["post_title"]=> string(73) "Vivir sin DiosLiving good without God" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "living-good-without-god" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:48:31" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:48:31" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4766" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1728 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2230) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-09-03 00:01:46" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-09-02 22:01:46" ["post_content"]=> string(725) "Un experimento realizado a mediados del año 2011 por la organización Acción contra el Hambre mostró que el instinto de compartir está en la naturaleza humana. 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" ["post_title"]=> string(74) "Compartir humanum estTo share is human" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(21) "compartir-humanum-est" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:29:20" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:29:20" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2230" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1851 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3714) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-01-14 00:01:15" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-01-13 23:01:15" ["post_content"]=> string(3593) "Alexander Lowen fue un médico, psicoterapeuta y profesor estadounidense, conocido principalmente por sus estudios sobre la bioenergética como forma de terapia. 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Durante los años 30 se dedicó a estudiar a fondo el método Eurythmics del compositor Émile Jaques-Dalcroze y la Relajación Muscular Progresiva de Jacobson. Todo ello afianzó su convicción de que el ser humano puede influir en el funcionamiento de su mente si trabaja su cuerpo de forma sistemática y con los métodos adecuados, como explica en este vídeo.Alexander Lowen was an American doctor, psychotherapist and professor, mostly famous for his studies about bioenergetics as a form of therapy. He studied Law at the Brooklyn Law School and obtained his PhD in Medicine at the University of Geneva. He got to meet Wilhelm Reich, one of Sigmund Freud’s first disciples, and studied with him from 1940 to 1952, year in which he started to dedicate himself to the professional practice of psychocorporal therapy. In 1956 he founded the International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis, aimed at guaranteeing the adequate training of therapists. 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