16/09/2013

Life is a dream

The conception of life as a dream is very old. There are references to this idea in so different times and cultures as the Hindu tradition, Persian mystique, Greek philosophy or Judeo-Christian morality.

Parvati is the Hindu goddess of dreams, and also of births and everything related to the creation, suggesting that the Hindu tradition gives to dreams a creative ability and the power to produce something that did not previously exist in the material world.

One of the most important works of Persian and Arabic culture is A thousand and one nights, in many of whose stories it comes the subject of dreams, shown as a set of mirrors in which reality is reflected and prevents us from seeing what we have around. The clearest example is the tale The sleeper and the waker, in which a king and a beggar swap roles and the second ends up believing everything has been a dream.

The allegory of the cave is a narrative in which the Greek philosopher Plato explains his theory of the existence of two worlds —Sense and Ideas— and metaphorically describes the situation in which the human is related by them: life goes into a kind of reverie, ignorant and ruled by the senses, of which you can wake up only through the reason, to attain true knowledge.

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‘Allegory of Plato’s Cave’, Jan Saenredam, 1604

The Spanish writer Calderon de la Barca, in his work Life is a dream, poses a dichotomy between earthly life and the heavenly life in which the first is similar to a dream that will finish only at death. Therefore, the real is death and life is associated with the unreality of the dream, so that the terms of our everyday perception are reversed: life is death and death is life.

Already in the twentieth century, British philosopher Alan Watts reflects on this video about the same relationship between sleep and life and most likely would agree with the wonderful words of Calderon, written three centuries earlier:

‘And the rich man dreams of gold,
gilding cares it scarce conceals;
and the poor man dreams
he feels want and misery and cold;
dreams he too who rank would hold,
dreams who bears toil’s rough-ribbed hands,
dreams who wrong for wrong demands
and in fine, throughout the Earth,
all men dream whatever their birth,
and yet no one understands’.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1677 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2593) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-18 00:03:03" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-17 22:03:03" ["post_content"]=> string(1553) "'Ha desaparecido de nuestro horizonte la idea de que el orden social del mundo podría ser otro'. Filósofo, catedrático de filosofía contemporánea en la Universidad de Barcelona y profesor visitante en numerosas universidades de México, Argentina, Uruguay, Cuba, Estados Unidos e Italia, es además director de la revista Barcelona Metrópolis y de varias colecciones de libros sobre filosofía y pensamiento: Pensamiento Herder —Herder—, Pensamiento contemporáneo, Biblioteca del presente y Biblioteca iberoamericana de ensayo —Paidós— o Filosofía hoy —Santillana—. También es colaborador habitual en revistas científicas especializadas y en periódicos como El País, La Vanguardia o El Periódico en España y La Nación y Clarín en Argentina.'It has disappeared from our horizon the idea that the social order of the world could be another'. Philosopher, professor of contemporary philosophy at the University of Barcelona and visiting professor at numerous universities in Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay, Cuba, United States and Italy, is also director of the Barcelona Metropolis magazine and several collections of books on philosophy and thought: Pensamiento Herder —Herder—, Pensamiento contemporáneo, Biblioteca del presente y Biblioteca iberoamericana de ensayo —Paidós— o Filosofía hoy —Santillana—. He is also a regular contributor to scientific journals and newspapers such as El País, La Vanguardia or El Periódico in Spain and La Nación and Clarín in Argentina." ["post_title"]=> string(110) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Manuel CruzWHAT ABOUT: The future by Manuel Cruz" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-manuel-cruz" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:59:57" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:59:57" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2593" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1672 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2489) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-11 00:05:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-10 22:05:20" ["post_content"]=> string(7014) "Además de ser un prestigioso director de cine estadounidense, David Lynch lleva más de 30 años practicando meditación trascendental y en 2005 fundó la David Lynch Foundation, una organización que promueve la educación basada en la conciencia como camino para conseguir la paz mundial. En el vídeo nos habla de esa técnica aplicada a la creatividad, y en su carta de presentación de la Fundación nos cuenta los motivos e intenciones que le llevaron a fundarla: 'En este mundo actual en el que vivimos, de temor e incertidumbre, cada niño debe tener un período de clase al día donde poder bucear dentro de sí mismo y experimentar el silencio y la felicidad de la enorme reserva de energía e inteligencia que se encuentra profundamente dentro de cada uno de nosotros. Esta es la manera de salvar a la próxima generación. Yo he sido 'buceador' dentro de mí, a través de la técnica de Meditación Trascendental, a lo largo de más de 30 años. Mi vida y mi mundo han cambiado, y yo no soy el único. Millones de personas de todas las edades, religiones y estilos de vida practican esta técnica y disfrutan de sus increíbles beneficios. Algún día, esperemos que muy pronto, el 'buceo interior' será considerado como una técnica de preparación básica para el aprendizaje y una herramienta para desarrollar el potencial creativo de la mente, y pasará a ser una parte estándar y reconocida del plan de estudios de cada escuela. Las tensiones del mundo de hoy son una enorme carga para nuestros hijos. Hay cientos de escuelas, con miles de estudiantes, que están dispuestas a aliviar el estrés y descubrir todo el potencial de cada estudiante proporcionando este tipo de educación basada en la conciencia. La Fundación fue establecida para asegurar que todo niño en los Estados Unidos que quiera aprender y practicar el programa de Meditación Trascendental pueda hacerlo. El programa de TM (Trascendental Meditation) es un programa investigado a fondo, y se practica ampliamente en el mundo para desarrollar todo el potencial creativo del cerebro y la mente, mejorar la salud, reducir el estrés y mejorar los resultados académicos. Ofrecemos becas a los estudiantes para que puedan aprender la técnica y recibir el completo programa de seguimiento de la enseñanza a lo largo de sus años de estudios, y para garantizar que reciban el máximo beneficio. También ofrecemos becas para estudiantes que quieran asistir al creciente número de escuelas y universidades fundadas bajo este enfoque. He tenido el placer de conocer a muchos estudiantes que 'bucean' en su interior y experimentan la educación basada en la conciencia. Estos estudiantes son individuos únicos. Son increíbles, autosuficientes, completamente despiertos, llenos de energía, felices, creativos, inteligentes y en definitiva poderosos seres humanos. Su experiencia es la prueba de que la educación basada en la conciencia es algo profundamente bueno para nuestras escuelas y nuestro mundo. La paz individual es la base de la paz mundial. Al ofrecer la educación basada en la conciencia a la generación venidera, podemos promover unos fundamentos sólidos para un mundo sano, armonioso y pacífico. Para ello, la Fundación también apoya la creación de Universidades de la Paz Mundial, que entrenarán a la próxima generación en una nueva profesión: la del profesional de la paz. Muchas gracias por su interés. Y, por favor, recuerde que la educación basada en la conciencia no es un lujo. Para nuestros hijos, que están creciendo en una estresante y aterradora crisis mundial, es una necesidad.'In addition to being a prestigious American filmmaker, David Lynch has over 30 years of practicing Transcendental Meditation and in 2005 he founded the David Lynch Foundation, an organization that promotes conscious-based education as a path to achieve world peace. In this video he talks about the technique applied to creativity and in his letter of presentation of the Foundation he tells us the reasons and intentions that led him to its foundation: 'In this modern world that we live in, full of fear and uncertainty, each child should have one class period a day to dive within themselves and experience the quiet and happiness of the vast amount of energy and intelligence that is deep within each one of us. This is the way to save the new generation. Over more than 30 years, I have 'dived' within me through the Transcendental Meditation technique. Mi life and my world have changed and I am not the only one. Millions of people from all aged, religions and lifestyle practice this technique and enjoy its incredible benefits. Someday, hopefully very soon, 'inner dive' will be considered as a basic preparation technique for learning and a tool to develop the creative potential of the mind and will become a standard and recognize part of each school’s curriculum. Today world’s tensions are a huge burden to our children. There are hundreds of schools, with thousands of children, who are willing to relieve stress and discover each student’s full potential by providing this type of consciousness-based education. The Foundation was established to ensure that every child in America who wants to learn and practice Transcendental Meditation, is able to. TM’s (Transcendental Meditation) Program has been thoroughly researched, and it is widely practiced throughout the World to develop all the full creative potential of the brain and mind, improve health, reduce stress and improve academic outcomes. We offer grants to students so they can learn the technique and receive full monitoring program throughout their school years, and to ensure they receive the maximum benefit. We also offer grants to students willing to attend the growing number of schools and universities founded under this approach. I’ve had the pleasure to meet many students that 'dive' within them and experience consciousness-based education. These students are unique individuals. They are amazing, self-sufficient, fully awake, full of energy, happy, creative, intelligent and ultimately humans. Their experience is the proof that consciousness-based education is deeply good for our schools and our world. Individual peace is the foundation for world peace. By offering the next generation a consciousness-based education, we can promote a solid foundation for a healthy, harmonic and pacific world. 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" ["post_title"]=> string(110) "30 años de meditación trascendental30 years of transcendental meditation" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(37) "30-years-of-transcendental-meditation" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:24:57" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:24:57" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2489" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "5" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1678 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6822) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-07-14 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(2707) "Daniel Dennet es un filósofo y escritor de origen estadounidense. Doctor y catedrático en filosofía, ha sido uno de los pensadores más destacados en filosofía de la ciencia, y concretamente en ciencias cognitivas. Temas como conciencia, intencionalidad, inteligencia artificial, memética, el estudio de la significación actual del Darwinismo o la religión, han sido algunas de las áreas donde su trabajo ha sido más destacado. Está considerado uno de los cuatro jinetes de la corriente de pensamiento del Nuevo Ateísmo junto a Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris y Cristopher Hitchens, con los que se ha dado forma a la versión más contemporánea de esta idea. Su ciencia se ha distinguido por  buscar una filosofía de la mente y del universo cognitivo a través del empirismo, el método científico y la verificación para aportar base científica basada en los hechos sobre la conciencia, la intencionalidad, la responsabilidad y todo lo que se refiere a la cognición humana. En esta entrevista sobre el tema específico de la conciencia y el libre albedrío, Dennet hace una profunda reflexión en zigzag a través de tres preguntas para llegar a una conclusión potente y acorde a tamaña figura del pensamiento contemporáneo.Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding. He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition. In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought." ["post_title"]=> string(91) "Conciencia y libre albedríoConsciousness and free will" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "consciousness-and-free-will" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 19:02:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 18:02:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6822" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1821 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5297) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-10-07 00:01:00" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-10-06 22:01:00" ["post_content"]=> string(1439) "'El futuro es un retorno a la tierra'. Mujer medicina de la frontera entre Ecuador y Perú, es portadora del arte sagrado de los Altares y Guardiana del Fuego Sagrado de Itzachilatlan. Desde hace 50 años aboga por la autonomía de prácticas y enseñanzas tradicionales de los Andes. Ha trabajado con pueblos de la Amazonia, habitantes de la calle y población de cárceles de Quito, Ecuador. Su labor actual está enfocada en mujeres, en jóvenes de áreas urbanas y en investigaciones sobre el rol y las relaciones entre los géneros, con actividad en varios países como Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Perú, Brasil, Colombia, Estados Unidos, España, Portugal, Canadá, Alemania, Israel, Holanda e Inglaterra.'The future is a return to the land'. Medicine woman of the border between Ecuador and Peru, she carries the Sacred Art of the Altars and is the Guardian of the Sacred Fire of Itzachilatlan. For 50 years she has advocated the autonomy of traditional teachings and practices from the Andes. She has worked with people of the Amazon, street dwellers and prison population of Quito, Ecuador. Her current work is focused on women, youth in urban areas and on research on the role and relationships between the genders, with activity in several countries such as Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, United States, Spain, Portugal , Canada, Germany, Israel, Netherlands and England." 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