16/09/2013

Life is a dream

The conception of life as a dream is very old. There are references to this idea in so different times and cultures as the Hindu tradition, Persian mystique, Greek philosophy or Judeo-Christian morality.

Parvati is the Hindu goddess of dreams, and also of births and everything related to the creation, suggesting that the Hindu tradition gives to dreams a creative ability and the power to produce something that did not previously exist in the material world.

One of the most important works of Persian and Arabic culture is A thousand and one nights, in many of whose stories it comes the subject of dreams, shown as a set of mirrors in which reality is reflected and prevents us from seeing what we have around. The clearest example is the tale The sleeper and the waker, in which a king and a beggar swap roles and the second ends up believing everything has been a dream.

The allegory of the cave is a narrative in which the Greek philosopher Plato explains his theory of the existence of two worlds —Sense and Ideas— and metaphorically describes the situation in which the human is related by them: life goes into a kind of reverie, ignorant and ruled by the senses, of which you can wake up only through the reason, to attain true knowledge.

W_mitodelacaverna
‘Allegory of Plato’s Cave’, Jan Saenredam, 1604

The Spanish writer Calderon de la Barca, in his work Life is a dream, poses a dichotomy between earthly life and the heavenly life in which the first is similar to a dream that will finish only at death. Therefore, the real is death and life is associated with the unreality of the dream, so that the terms of our everyday perception are reversed: life is death and death is life.

Already in the twentieth century, British philosopher Alan Watts reflects on this video about the same relationship between sleep and life and most likely would agree with the wonderful words of Calderon, written three centuries earlier:

‘And the rich man dreams of gold,
gilding cares it scarce conceals;
and the poor man dreams
he feels want and misery and cold;
dreams he too who rank would hold,
dreams who bears toil’s rough-ribbed hands,
dreams who wrong for wrong demands
and in fine, throughout the Earth,
all men dream whatever their birth,
and yet no one understands’.

Related posts
901
1
array(2) { [0]=> int(901) [1]=> int(1) }
array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1758 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3987) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-02-11 00:02:02" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-02-10 23:02:02" ["post_content"]=> string(2541) "Thich Nhat Hanh es un maestro zen vietnamita, además de monje budista y activista por la paz. Fundador de la Escuela de la Juventud para los Servicios Sociales, la Universidad Budista de Vanh Hanh, la editorial Le Boi Press y la Orden del Interser, enseñó en la Universidad de Columbia y en la Sorbona y fue nominado por Martin Luther King para el Premio Nobel de la Paz en 1967. Tuvo que exiliarse como refugiado político en Francia en 1972, debido al combate pacífico que emprendió durante la guerra de Vietnam. Actualmente vive en una comunidad de enseñanza budista llamada Plum Village fundada en 1982 cerca de Burdeos, aunque viaja constantemente por el mundo impartiendo enseñanzas y ayudando a los refugiados. Ha escrito más de 60 libros en inglés, francés y vietnamita, y algunos de ellos han sido traducidos al español. Sus textos y conferencias se centran principalmente en la necesidad de transmitir a la acción cotidiana y social una intención profunda de amor surgido de una atención consciente. En este vídeo, una asistente a una de sus conferencias le solicita consejo para los jóvenes que luchan por los derechos sociales en todo el mundo y especialmente en el contexto de la crisis que se está produciendo en Europa.Thich Nhat Hanh is a Vietnamese Zen master, besides Buddhist monk and peace activist. Founder of the School of Youth for Social Services, Vanh Hanh Buddhist University, publisher Le Boi Press and the Order of Interbeing, he taught at Columbia University and at the Sorbonne and was nominated by Martin Luther King for Nobel Peace Prize in 1967. He was exiled as a political refugee in France in 1972, due to the peaceful struggle that began during the Vietnam War. He currently lives in a buddhist teaching community called Plum Village founded in 1982 near Bordeaux, although constantly travels the world giving teachings and helping refugees. He has written more than 60 books in English, French and Vietnamese, and some of them have been translated into Spanish. His writings and lectures focus primarily on the need to transmit in the social daily action a profound intention of love emerged from conscious attention. In this video, an assistant to one of his lectures prompted advice to young people who fight for social rights throughout the world and especially in the context of the crisis that is occurring in Europe." ["post_title"]=> string(86) "El sistema somos nosotrosWe, we, we are the system" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "we-we-we-are-the-system" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:06:18" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:06:18" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3987" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1753 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(812) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:19:04" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:19:04" ["post_content"]=> string(1403) "Bertrand Russell fue un filósofo, matemático y escritor británico galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Literatura y reconocido por su influencia en la filosofía analítica, por sus trabajos matemáticos y por su activismo social. A la pregunta de qué les contaría a nuestros descendientes de dentro de cien años sobre las cuestiones que ha aprendido a lo largo de su vida, Russell da dos respuestas: una intelectual y otra moral. La intelectual aboga por la objetividad en los análisis, y la moral incluye la frase 'El amor es sabio, el odio es estúpido', que lo dice todo para quien quiera entenderlo.Bertrand Russell was a British philosopher, mathematician and writer, winner of a Nobel Prize in Literature and well known for his influence in analytical philosophy, his mathematics studies and his social activism. When asked what he will tell, in a hundred years time, to our descendants about what he has learned throughout his life, Russell gives two answers: an intellectual one and a moral one. The intellectual pleads for objectivity in analysis and the moral one includes the sentence 'Love is wise, hate is foolish' which tells everything in itself to whom is willing to understand it. " ["post_title"]=> string(103) "El amor es sabio, el odio es estúpidoLove is wise, hate is foolish" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(28) "love-is-wise-hate-is-foolish" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:40:55" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:40:55" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=727" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "2" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1759 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(1880) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:07:41" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:07:41" ["post_content"]=> string(2385) "Muhammad Ali es un ex boxeador afroamericano y estadounidense, tres veces campeón mundial de los pesos pesados, aunque en realidad es mucho más que eso. Ante todo es un luchador —contra otros boxeadores, contra la herencia de los antepasados que esclavizaron a los suyos (nacido Cassius Clay, cambió su nombre por ese motivo), contra el gobierno estadounidense al negarse a ir a la guerra de Vietnam o contra su Alzheimer final— y una figura excepcionalmente valiente y coherente que ha influido en la sociedad como pocos personajes del siglo XX. Gracias a él, entre otros, muchos americanos descendientes de africanos aprendieron a relacionarse mejor con sus orígenes. Famoso también por sus sentencias ingeniosas y llenas de humor, incluso hay quien le ve como un precursor del rap. En este vídeo, respondiendo a la pregunta de un entrevistador, nos explica su receta de la vida: —4 tazas de amor —1 cuchara de paciencia —1 cucharilla de generosidad —1 pinta de bondad —1 cuarto de placer —1 pizca de motivación Mezclar todo con voluntad, felicidad y montones de fe, después remover y extender durante toda una vida.Muhammad Ali is a former and African American boxer, three-time world champion heavyweight, but he is much more than that. First and foremost is a fighter —against other boxers, against the heritage of ancestors who enslaved his people (born Cassius Clay, changed his name for that reason), against the US government by refusing to go to the Vietnam War or against his final Alzheimer— and an exceptionally brave and consistent figure that has influenced society as few characters of the twentieth century. Thanks to him, among others, many Americans of African descent learned to relate better to their origins. Famous also for its ingenious humorous sentences, some even see him as a forerunner of rap. In this video, answering an interviewer's question, explains his recipe for life: —4 cups of love —1 table spoon of patience —1 tea spoon of generosity —1 pint of kindness —1 quarter of laugh to —1 pinch of concern Mix all with purpose, happiness and lots of faith, then stir it up and spreading it during a lifetime." ["post_title"]=> string(84) "La receta de la vida de AliAli's recipe for life" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(20) "alis-recipe-for-life" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:08:15" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:08:15" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=1880" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "7" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1918 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(914) ["post_author"]=> string(3) "420" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:09:32" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:09:32" ["post_content"]=> string(4371) "Esta es una de las importantes preguntas que el ser humano se ha hecho desde el principio de los tiempos. Quién sabe con qué propósito, acaso el de convertirnos a todos en potenciales genios. ¿Sería eso posible? Al hablar sobre ello, uno siempre piensa en Mozart, Einstein, Picasso o, últimamente, en Bill Gates o Steve Jobs. ¿Cómo vamos a compararnos con ellos? Parece algo impensable. Y eso es debido, en parte, a los numerosos trabajos científicos que se han llevado a cabo sobre la cuestión. Sí, parece que con la educación adecuada, y en un entorno favorable, todos podemos desarrollar unas increíbles habilidades. Pero ¿podríamos hablar de genialidad? La mayoría de los estudios realizados hasta la fecha aseguran que, para poder hablar de genialidad, además de estudio, trabajo y tesón, hace falta además algo innato. Concluiríamos, entonces, que los grandes nacen y se hacen, aunque la proporción de lo uno y lo otro se desequilibra hacia lo segundo. El documental Mi gran cerebro, producido por National Geographic, en el que colabora el norteamericano Arthur Toga, profesor del Departamento de Neurología en la Universidad de California, apunta en esa dirección. Pero hay algunas voces que discrepan. El escritor, periodista y cineasta David Shenk, en su libro El genio que todos llevamos dentro, se enfrenta a este determinismo imperante y niega que exista eso que llamamos talento innato. Shenk trata de probar que los estímulos del medio o nuestros propios nervios son capaces de activar o desactivar la influencia de los genes. De ahí que nuestro talento esté definido por la manera en la que utilizamos la herencia que hemos recibido, más la interacción con el mundo que nos rodea. No podemos explicar por qué un niño de tres años es capaz de tocar una melodía de Beethoven, pero sí entendemos que una joven que no nació con un cerebro privilegiado puede convertirse en maestra de ajedrez a base de una educación excepcional, disciplina y entrenamiento. De eso se trata: de potenciar y conseguir lo que está en nuestras manos, lo que depende de nosotros. Eso exige dedicación y cierto sacrificio. Sólo hace falta que estemos dispuestos a ello.This is one of the important questions that human beings have been thinking about since the begging of time. Who knows for what purpose, perhaps that of turning us all into potential geniuses. Would that be possible? Talking about the issue, one always thinks of Mozart, Einstein, Picasso and lately Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. How are we going to compare to them? It seems impossible. And that is due, in part, to the many scientific researchs that have been carried out on the issue. Yes, it seems that with proper education, and in a favorable environment, everyone can develop incredible skills. But, can we talk about genius? Most of the studies say that in order to speak about genius, something innate is needed in addition to study, work and determination. We will conclude then that the great are born and made even though the proportion of one and other it is majorly unbalanced to second. The documentary My big brain, produced by National Geographic, and in which the American Arthur Toga, Professor of Neurology at the University of California, collaborates, points in that direction. However, there are some voices, which disagree with this opinions. In his book The genius in everyone, the writer, journalist and filmmaker David Shenk faces this prevailing determinism and denies what we call innate talent. Shenk tries to prove that environmental stimuli or our own nerves are able to activate or deactivate the influence of genes. Hence, our talent is defined by how we use the inheritance we have received, plus the interaction with the world around us. We cannot explain why a three year old is capable of playing a melody by Beethoven, but we understand that a young woman, who was not born with a privileged intelligence, can become a chess teacher based on an outstanding education, discipline and training. That’s the point: to enhance and achieve what is in our hands, which depends on us. This requires commitment and some sacrifice. You only need to be willing to do so." ["post_title"]=> string(94) "¿Los grandes nacen o se hacen?Are the great born or made?" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(26) "are-the-great-born-or-made" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 14:56:24" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 12:56:24" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=914" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }