16/09/2013

Life is a dream

The conception of life as a dream is very old. There are references to this idea in so different times and cultures as the Hindu tradition, Persian mystique, Greek philosophy or Judeo-Christian morality.

Parvati is the Hindu goddess of dreams, and also of births and everything related to the creation, suggesting that the Hindu tradition gives to dreams a creative ability and the power to produce something that did not previously exist in the material world.

One of the most important works of Persian and Arabic culture is A thousand and one nights, in many of whose stories it comes the subject of dreams, shown as a set of mirrors in which reality is reflected and prevents us from seeing what we have around. The clearest example is the tale The sleeper and the waker, in which a king and a beggar swap roles and the second ends up believing everything has been a dream.

The allegory of the cave is a narrative in which the Greek philosopher Plato explains his theory of the existence of two worlds —Sense and Ideas— and metaphorically describes the situation in which the human is related by them: life goes into a kind of reverie, ignorant and ruled by the senses, of which you can wake up only through the reason, to attain true knowledge.

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‘Allegory of Plato’s Cave’, Jan Saenredam, 1604

The Spanish writer Calderon de la Barca, in his work Life is a dream, poses a dichotomy between earthly life and the heavenly life in which the first is similar to a dream that will finish only at death. Therefore, the real is death and life is associated with the unreality of the dream, so that the terms of our everyday perception are reversed: life is death and death is life.

Already in the twentieth century, British philosopher Alan Watts reflects on this video about the same relationship between sleep and life and most likely would agree with the wonderful words of Calderon, written three centuries earlier:

‘And the rich man dreams of gold,
gilding cares it scarce conceals;
and the poor man dreams
he feels want and misery and cold;
dreams he too who rank would hold,
dreams who bears toil’s rough-ribbed hands,
dreams who wrong for wrong demands
and in fine, throughout the Earth,
all men dream whatever their birth,
and yet no one understands’.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1676 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4813) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-05-20 00:01:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-05-19 22:01:20" ["post_content"]=> string(3697) "'El futuro no tiene buena pinta'. Lingüista, filósofo, historiador, crítico político y activista americano, es profesor emérito en el departamento de Lingüística y Filosofía del MIT —Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts—, donde lleva trabajando más de 50 años. Además de su impresionante labor en el campo de la lingüística, ha escrito más de 100 libros sobre guerra, política y medios de comunicación, siendo el más conocido 'Los guardianes de la libertad' —Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media—, escrito con Edward S. Herman en 1988. Según el Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) fue el investigador vivo más citado como fuente entre 1980 y 1992, y el octavo de todos los tiempos. Está considerado una figura cultural prominente a nivel mundial y The New York Times llegó a denominarle 'el más importante de los pensadores contemporáneos'. Padre de la lingüística moderna y figura destacada en el campo de la filosofía analítica, su trabajo ha tenido influencia en sectores tan diversos como la informática, las matemáticas o la psicología. Fue autor de la Jerarquía de Chomsky, que revolucionó el estudio del lenguaje, y co-autor del Teorema de Chomsky-Schützenberger. Después de la publicación de su primer libro sobre lingüística se convirtió en un crítico feroz de la guerra de Vietnam, y desde entonces no ha dejado de publicar libros de análisis político. Es bien conocida su postura crítica con las políticas exteriores de Estados Unidos e Israel, con el capitalismo contemporáneo y con los medios de comunicación de masas. Chomsky, que desvincula completamente su actividad científica de su activismo político, se describe a sí mismo como un simpatizante del anarcosindicalismo y es miembro del sindicato IWW, Industrial Workers of the World —Trabajadores industriales del mundo—.'The future is not a pretty picture'. American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, political critic and activist, he is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT —Massachusetts Institute of Technology—, where he has worked for over 50 years. In addition to his work in linguistics he has written on war, politics and mass media, and is the author of over 100 books, including the influential 'Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media' with Edward S. Herman in 1988. According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in 1992, Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar from 1980 to 1992, and was the eighth most cited source overall. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and he was voted the 'World's top public intellectual' in a 2005 poll. Chomsky has been described as the 'father of modern linguistics' and a major figure of analytic philosophy. His work has influenced fields such as computer science, mathematics and psychology. He is credited as the creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, the universal grammar theory, and co-creator of the Chomsky-Schützenberger theorem. After the publication of his first book on linguistics, Chomsky became a prominent critic of the Vietnam War, and since then has continued to publish books of political criticism. He has become well known for his critiques of US foreign policy, state capitalism and the mainstream news media. He describes his views as 'fairly traditional anarchist ones, with origins in the Enlightenment and classical liberalism', and often identifies with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism. He is a member of the union IWW, Industrials Workers of the World." 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Después de ejercer como profesor de primaria durante 38 años en diferentes escuelas, se retiró en marzo de 2007 y actualmente es profesor del Departamento de Educación Infantil en la Universidad de Hokuriku Gakuin, en Japón. A través de su idea de educación 'Empatiza con tus amigos para ser feliz', Kanamori investiga, desde los años 80, diferentes vías para trabajar directamente con las personas y la naturaleza. En el documental 'Pensando en los demás' (Children Full of Life), producido por la NHK (Televisión Nacional de Japón) se muestra lo que sucedió en una de sus clases a lo largo de todo un curso. Este documental obtuvo un gran éxito que se tradujo en la obtención de varios premios y una gran difusión y repercusión mundial. Su trabajo ha conseguido llamar la atención de la comunidad educativa, pero también ha logrado el reconocimiento de otros sectores que pueden parecer más alejados, como el de la salud.'Happiness always comes from the connection between human beings'. After practicing as a primary school teacher for 38 years at different schools, retired in March 2007 and is currently a professor in the Department of Early Childhood Education in Hokuriku Gakuin University, in Japan. Through his idea of education 'Empathize with your friends to be happy', Kanamori investigates, from the 80s, different ways to work directly with people and nature. In the documentary 'Children Full of Life', produced by NHK (Japan National Television) shows what happened in one of his classes throughout a course. This film was a great success which resulted in obtaining several awards and a high circulation and global impact. His work has gotten the attention of the education community, but has also achieved recognition from other sectors that may seem further away, such as health." ["post_title"]=> string(120) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Toshiro KanamoriWHAT ABOUT: The future by Toshiro Kanamori" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(41) "what-about-the-future-by-toshiro-kanamori" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:56:46" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:56:46" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3416" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1677 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2489) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-11 00:05:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-10 22:05:20" ["post_content"]=> string(7014) "Además de ser un prestigioso director de cine estadounidense, David Lynch lleva más de 30 años practicando meditación trascendental y en 2005 fundó la David Lynch Foundation, una organización que promueve la educación basada en la conciencia como camino para conseguir la paz mundial. En el vídeo nos habla de esa técnica aplicada a la creatividad, y en su carta de presentación de la Fundación nos cuenta los motivos e intenciones que le llevaron a fundarla: 'En este mundo actual en el que vivimos, de temor e incertidumbre, cada niño debe tener un período de clase al día donde poder bucear dentro de sí mismo y experimentar el silencio y la felicidad de la enorme reserva de energía e inteligencia que se encuentra profundamente dentro de cada uno de nosotros. Esta es la manera de salvar a la próxima generación. Yo he sido 'buceador' dentro de mí, a través de la técnica de Meditación Trascendental, a lo largo de más de 30 años. Mi vida y mi mundo han cambiado, y yo no soy el único. Millones de personas de todas las edades, religiones y estilos de vida practican esta técnica y disfrutan de sus increíbles beneficios. Algún día, esperemos que muy pronto, el 'buceo interior' será considerado como una técnica de preparación básica para el aprendizaje y una herramienta para desarrollar el potencial creativo de la mente, y pasará a ser una parte estándar y reconocida del plan de estudios de cada escuela. Las tensiones del mundo de hoy son una enorme carga para nuestros hijos. Hay cientos de escuelas, con miles de estudiantes, que están dispuestas a aliviar el estrés y descubrir todo el potencial de cada estudiante proporcionando este tipo de educación basada en la conciencia. La Fundación fue establecida para asegurar que todo niño en los Estados Unidos que quiera aprender y practicar el programa de Meditación Trascendental pueda hacerlo. El programa de TM (Trascendental Meditation) es un programa investigado a fondo, y se practica ampliamente en el mundo para desarrollar todo el potencial creativo del cerebro y la mente, mejorar la salud, reducir el estrés y mejorar los resultados académicos. Ofrecemos becas a los estudiantes para que puedan aprender la técnica y recibir el completo programa de seguimiento de la enseñanza a lo largo de sus años de estudios, y para garantizar que reciban el máximo beneficio. También ofrecemos becas para estudiantes que quieran asistir al creciente número de escuelas y universidades fundadas bajo este enfoque. He tenido el placer de conocer a muchos estudiantes que 'bucean' en su interior y experimentan la educación basada en la conciencia. Estos estudiantes son individuos únicos. Son increíbles, autosuficientes, completamente despiertos, llenos de energía, felices, creativos, inteligentes y en definitiva poderosos seres humanos. Su experiencia es la prueba de que la educación basada en la conciencia es algo profundamente bueno para nuestras escuelas y nuestro mundo. La paz individual es la base de la paz mundial. Al ofrecer la educación basada en la conciencia a la generación venidera, podemos promover unos fundamentos sólidos para un mundo sano, armonioso y pacífico. Para ello, la Fundación también apoya la creación de Universidades de la Paz Mundial, que entrenarán a la próxima generación en una nueva profesión: la del profesional de la paz. Muchas gracias por su interés. Y, por favor, recuerde que la educación basada en la conciencia no es un lujo. Para nuestros hijos, que están creciendo en una estresante y aterradora crisis mundial, es una necesidad.'In addition to being a prestigious American filmmaker, David Lynch has over 30 years of practicing Transcendental Meditation and in 2005 he founded the David Lynch Foundation, an organization that promotes conscious-based education as a path to achieve world peace. In this video he talks about the technique applied to creativity and in his letter of presentation of the Foundation he tells us the reasons and intentions that led him to its foundation: 'In this modern world that we live in, full of fear and uncertainty, each child should have one class period a day to dive within themselves and experience the quiet and happiness of the vast amount of energy and intelligence that is deep within each one of us. This is the way to save the new generation. Over more than 30 years, I have 'dived' within me through the Transcendental Meditation technique. Mi life and my world have changed and I am not the only one. Millions of people from all aged, religions and lifestyle practice this technique and enjoy its incredible benefits. Someday, hopefully very soon, 'inner dive' will be considered as a basic preparation technique for learning and a tool to develop the creative potential of the mind and will become a standard and recognize part of each school’s curriculum. Today world’s tensions are a huge burden to our children. There are hundreds of schools, with thousands of children, who are willing to relieve stress and discover each student’s full potential by providing this type of consciousness-based education. The Foundation was established to ensure that every child in America who wants to learn and practice Transcendental Meditation, is able to. TM’s (Transcendental Meditation) Program has been thoroughly researched, and it is widely practiced throughout the World to develop all the full creative potential of the brain and mind, improve health, reduce stress and improve academic outcomes. We offer grants to students so they can learn the technique and receive full monitoring program throughout their school years, and to ensure they receive the maximum benefit. We also offer grants to students willing to attend the growing number of schools and universities founded under this approach. I’ve had the pleasure to meet many students that 'dive' within them and experience consciousness-based education. These students are unique individuals. They are amazing, self-sufficient, fully awake, full of energy, happy, creative, intelligent and ultimately humans. Their experience is the proof that consciousness-based education is deeply good for our schools and our world. Individual peace is the foundation for world peace. By offering the next generation a consciousness-based education, we can promote a solid foundation for a healthy, harmonic and pacific world. To this end, the Foundation also supports the establishment of Universities of World Peace, which will train the next generation in a new profession: peace professional. Thank you very much for your interest. And, please, remember that consciousness-based education is not a luxury. For our kids, who are growing up in a stressful and frightening global crisis, is a necessity.' 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La educación había sido una de las mayores preocupaciones del hindú desde el principio mismo de su trayectoria, y las escuelas constituyen uno de los terrenos más apropiados para llevar a la práctica sus enseñanzas. Con ese fin, Brockwood se estableció en Hampshire como una escuela privada con capacidad para un grupo reducido de estudiantes en régimen de internado. La comunidad de profesores y alumnos tenía un carácter notablemente internacional, con gente procedente de más de una veintena de países. El propósito era despertar la inteligencia del estudiante y del educador a la naturaleza y consecuencias de su conducta y forma de pensar, en todas las facetas de la vida cotidiana. Lo importante no es conseguir que el alumno saque buenas notas, sino que sea capaz de enfrentarse adecuadamente a todos los retos de su relación con el mundo. Una de las actividades más significativas de la institución son sus charlas abiertas. En esta, que tuvo lugar en mayo de 1976, el propio Krishnamurti, el físico David Bohm y el psicoanalista David Shainberg reflexionan sobre conceptos como soledad, libertad, transformación, pensamiento o mente.Brockwood Park is a school founded by Jiddu Krishnamurti and a group of partners in 1969, with the intention of carrying out their educational proposals. Education was one of the major concerns of the Indian from the very beginning of his career, and schools are one of the most suitable land to implement his teachings. To that end, Brockwood settled in Hampshire (UK) as a private school for up to a small group of students as boarders. The community of teachers and students had a markedly international character, with people from more than twenty countries. The purpose was to awaken the intelligence of the student and the educator to the nature and consequences of their behavior and way of thinking, in all facets of daily life. The important thing is not to get the students get good grades, but is able to adequately face all the challenges of their relationship with the world. One of the most significant activities of the institution are your open chats. In this, which took place in May 1976, Krishnamurti, the physicist David Bohm and psychoanalyst David Shainberg reflect on concepts like solitude, freedom, transformation, thought or mind." 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