16/06/2019

On dynamics of History

The History, its changes and evolution of societies is marked by a tension between conservation and change, according S. Aguilar. The evolution of a being or a society is the change that happens in one concrete state to a different and new concrete state. The change is the result of the tension between the forces that want to preserve what exists and the forces that want to change what exists.

Typically, conservation forces are represented by the power, by dominators, the establishment, by the standard, and the few that concentrate. Also, the forces of change usually come represented and represent the majority, the demos —those who work with their hands, the people—, those who want the power structure that favors them, those who do not conform, those who want more, or what is really here. Scientifically, the above is not correct or orthodox, because really these two inertias that make up this dynamic between conservation and change, no have face or identity, are two social processes.

Let’s stop here. Sometimes, after a moment of change and social advancement or increased rights for most, this state of conquest, becomes the primordial state, the being of things,the reality of the world at that particular time. The last period has been like that, what has been called ‘the golden age of capitalism’ (E. Hobsbawm), where after the comprehensive Welfare State, endowed with rights and greater welfare for the vast majority —leaving aside criticism that can be made to the welfare state itself—, and even in a few moments and usually very brief history there have been social justice for the majority, the forces of change have been at that time which typically represent the conservation, in an attempt to return to what it was, but even conservative forces of change.

The last episode of this kind began in the 70s, where from different processes, the forces of change were at this conservative moment, wanting to go back, depriving the working class, the majority, which had conquered the ancient forces of change. the visible faces of this process were as you know, Thatcher in Britain and Reagan in the United States. That change process started there —also with its own History— and today we continue in this particular inertia within the History.

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Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan, a relationship that changed History — Image AP

Before that, we lived in a world of big thinkers alive today (A. Domènech and others) have defined as a post-fascist world where after the horror of European fascism —sadly lasted more in Spain— and two large wars and before the crack of 29, was the inertia for change and this time in favor of the majority. Declaration of Human Rights (1948) was created, after the Welfare state, with a logic of rights and greater well-being and freedom for all, where there was a controlled capitalism, regulated, more unionism, organization and class consciousness. The market was regulated and the notion of human brotherhood and community were an increasingly questionable value, by the power and by the people. A time when economic policy for example U.S. in the 50s, with Eisenhower —not wanting in any case idealize political policy mentioned—, the highest incomes of $400,000 had a tax rate of 91%, yes, yes redistribution of 91% of the federation of states, incredible today, there was a time, the world at least economically, it worked well. Interestingly, data like this surprise us today, and only happened 60 years ago and it seems to be a world that never existed. But back came the forces of change, this time to dispossess us, to privatize, to accumulate and capitalism ‘gold’ was becoming fierce, cannibalistic capitalism.

Today we live within that inertia. The tension never ceases, but clearly, now, the balance is in the hands of pulling the dynamics of History that most do not move forward and be slaves to capital and private and this time on a global level, breaking all the borders, the whole capitalist world or not is engulfed by this ‘runaway train’ —Hobsbawm again— that is contemporary Capitalism.

One could also say that the dynamics of history is a class struggle, said hated and loved Marx, but to put it in a less ‘controversy’ way, a struggle between oligarchy —power of the few and those who hold power and property and not depends on anyone else to live, or rather the work of many— and democracy —rule by many, all of which work with their hands—. The moments of triumph of democracy, the will of the people and benefiting the people, have been few and brief compared to the oligarchy that has dominated. Today we live in oligarchy degenerate to a true plutocracy —Ancient Greek, ploutos ‘wealth’ and kratos ‘government’— the power has the power itself, in an inertia of accumulation by dispossession (D. Harvey), financial power controls, politics obeys and society suffers.

The dynamics of History is a constant class struggle, according to Karl Marx — Image Unknown Author

But there is a crucial difference between the other times and now. Today individuals from what are called advanced societies and those that are not, we are, or we can be and despite the redundancy, very advanced level of ideas, we have a lot of knowledge, and we are aware or ought to have of all this —come of what has been called the knowledge society—, or at least have a past to which we can turn to remember and learn. We have taken something that had been ours, it was not discussed, it was agreed and signed the Declaration of Human Rights, which is the best or not (not go to rating) is what we have for the moment, and starting with the first article and the more encompassing ‘all persons have the right to be born free and equal’, even in societies where there are no cultural resistance to understand it as true, and every last one of them, not assume and are vilified by this dirty, obese and corrupt system of power.

The tension is served, the process of open exchange, the result depends on who pull more and stronger rope that tightens the dynamic between conservation and change, but we can’t forget, we are more and in the end out our existence that is at stake. Have recourse to history, it offers a lot to learn.

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Ha publicado tres cuentos —'La mujer cañón', 'La mirona' y 'Patitas de mosca'— y dos libros —'Biografía de una estrella' y 'El don de arder'—.'The knowledge and the awareness of what we are are going to change our way of being in the world'. She began as a journalist when she was 17 years old and since then she has travelled around the world, collaborating with several publications and nationwide radio programmes. Her experience as a reporter, producing texts and photos with a social accent, was primarily focus on Latin America. She has been working for ten years at La Vanguardia, where she launched 'La Contra', the interviews that appear on the back page of such newspaper since January 1998 and for which she has received many awards. She has published three stories —'La mujer cañon', 'La mirona' and 'Patitas de mosca'— and two books —'Biography of a Star' and 'The Gift to Burn'—." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Ima SanchísWHAT ABOUT: The future by Ima Sanchís" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-ima-sanchis" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:43" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:43" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(28) "http://whatonline.org/?p=994" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "2" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1679 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3118) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-08-27 00:01:02" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-08-26 22:01:02" ["post_content"]=> string(2528) "'Si no somos capaces de mejorar la conciencia colectiva, acabaremos a bofetadas'. Licenciado en Ciencias de la Información, trabajó durante años como reportero especializado en temas sociales en los canales públicos Televisión Española (TVE) y Televisió de Catalunya (TV3). En 2000 comenzó a dirigir documentales, y en 2008 creó Minimal Films y dirigió su primera película documental para cines: 'Bucarest, la memoria perdida' (coproducida por TV3 y TVE), galardonada con varios premios: el Goya al Mejor Documental 2009 por la Academia de las Artes y las Ciencias Cinematográficas de España, el Gaudí al Mejor Documental 2009 por la Academia del Cine Catalán, el Premio al Mejor Documental en el Festival Cinespaña 2008 (Toulouse, Francia) y el Premio al Mejor Director en el Festival Memorimage 2008 (Reus, España). Otros documentales de su autoría son 'Historias de agua' (Fundació Agbar, 2002), 'El Cordobés, la España de los milagros' (TVE y Canal Arte, 2004), 'El sueño del agua' (ExpoZaragoza y la UNESCO, 2004), 'La mente del violador' (TVE, 2006) y la serie 'En la cárcel confidencial' (Cuatro, 2006). Su trabajo más reciente es 'Al final de la escapada', presentado en el Festival de Cine Español de Málaga en 2011 y en la Seminci 2012.'If we fail to improve the collective consciousness, we will end by smackings'. He has a bachelor of Information Science and worked for years as a reporter specializing in social issues in public channels Spanish Television (TVE) and Catalan Television (TVC). In 2000 he began to direct documentaries, and in 2008 created Minimal Films and directed his first documentary film to cinemas: 'Bucharest, Memory Lost' (co-produced by TV3 and TVE), which won several awards: the Goya for Best Documentary 2009 by the Academy of Arts and Cinematographic Sciences of Spain, the Gaudí for Best Documentary 2009 by the Catalan Film Academy, the award for Best Documentary at the Cine España Festival 2008 (Toulouse, France) and the Best Director Award at the Festival Memorimage 2008 (Reus, Spain). Other documentaries of his own are 'Water Stories' (Fundació Agbar, 2002), 'The Cordobes, Spain in miracles' (TVE and Canal Art, 2004), 'The Dream of Water' (ExpoZaragoza and UNESCO, 2004 ), 'The Rapist Mind' (TVE, 2006) and the series 'In The Confidential Prison' (Cuatro, 2006). His most recent work is 'The End of The Break', presented at the Spanish Film Festival in Malaga in 2011 and in Seminci 2012." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Albert SoléWHAT ABOUT: The future by Albert Solé" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-albert-sole" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:57:18" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:57:18" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3118" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1698 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3453) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-12-21 17:14:19" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-12-21 16:14:19" ["post_content"]=> string(2285) "'Me gustaría un futuro con una vuelta atrás, por un lado, y un paso adelante por el otro'. Nacido en Bilbao, capital del mundo, desde su más tierna infancia comió muy bien gracias a su madre, Mari Carmen, y a su segunda madre, Juli, aunténticas maestras de la cocina tradicional. Estudió filología hispánica en la Universidad de Deusto y se marchó a Madrid a hacer un máster de periodismo en el diario El País. Trabajó en la Cadena Ser, en Telemadrid, en Canal Plus y en El País, donde formó parte del equipo del suplemento El País de las Tentaciones llevando la sección de música desde su fundación hasta el 2000. Mientras hacía sus primeros experimentos en la cocina de su casa se metió a trabajar en Internet, en webs como Loquesea.com y Ya.com. En 2004 se mudó a Barcelona, donde conoció las maravillas de la cocina mediterránea y aprendió técnica culinaria en la escuela de hostelería Hofmann. Colaboró en La Vanguardia, Rolling Stone y Marie Claire y fue redactor jefe del diario ADN hasta principios de 2009. Tras triunfar contra todo pronóstico con el blog Ondakin, actualmente escribe el blog El Comidista en la web de El País.'I would like a future with a lap down, on one hand, and a step forward on the other'. Born in Bilbao, capital of the world, from early childhood ate very well thanks to his mother, Mari Carmen, and his second mother, Juli, true masterpieces of traditional cuisine. He studied philology at the University of Deusto and went to Madrid to do a masters in journalism at the newspaper El Pais. He worked in Cadena Ser, Telemadrid, Canal Plus and El País, where he was part of the team of the supplement El País de las Tentaciones taking the music section from its founding until 2000. As he made his first experiments in the kitchen of his house got to work on the Internet at sites like Loquesea.com and Ya.com. In 2004 he moved to Barcelona, where he met the wonders of Mediterranean cuisine and culinary technique learned in hotel school Hofmann. Collaborated in La Vanguardia, Rolling Stone and Marie Claire and was editor of ADN newspaper until early 2009. After success against all odds with Ondakin blog, currently writes the blog El Comidista on the web of El País." 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En el ámbito laboral, por ejemplo, es un futuro en el que deben convivir sistemas abiertos como Linux con egos y patentes en feroz competencia. En este capítulo del programa 'Soy cámara' del CCCB Centro de Cultura Contemporánea de Barcelona, titulado 'Pensar el futuro', se analizan las posibles causas y consecuencias de este panorama, como la pérdida del espíritu artesanal o fenómenos tan dramáticos como la serie de suicidios de la multinacional France Télécom, donde 30 empleados se quitaron la vida en menos de dos años. El programa cuenta con fragmentos de entrevistas y conferencias de Francisco Jarauta, Tzvetan Todorov, Richard Sennett y Sidi Mohammed Barkat, pensadores y filósofos que exploran el tema de manera pedagógica, creativa y responsable, pero también irreverente, humorística y crítica.Due the evolution of new technologies and contemporary thought, the future is full of diverse challenges. In the work environment, for example, is a future in which open systems such as Linux have to live with patents and egos in fierce competition. This chapter of the the CCCB's (Centre of Contemporary Culture of Barcelona) 'Soy cámara' (I'm camera), entitled 'Thinking the Future', discusses the possible causes and consequences of this scenario, as the loss of spirit phenomena craft or as dramatic as the number of suicides in the multinational France Télécom, where 30 employees committed suicide in less than two years. The program includes excerpts of interviews and conferences of Francisco Jarauta, Tzvetan Todorov, Richard Sennett and Sidi Mohammed Barkat, thinkers and philosophers to explore the topic in a pedagogical manner, creative and responsible, but also irreverent, humorous and critical." 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