14/04/2014

Reflections on work

The French writer, essayist, teacher, philosopher, biologist and geneticist Albert Jacquard shares on this interview some interesting and revealing reflections on work.

Born into a conservative Catholic family, son of the director of the Bank of France Francois Jacquard and Marie-Louise Fourgeot, in 1934 he suffers a car accident in which his younger brother and his paternal grandparents die, and he is disfigured.

In 1943 obtained the bachelor in mathematics and philosophy, and in 1948 he graduated in public factories engineering in the French Polytechnique School and becomes part of the French Institute of Statistics. In 1951 is incorporated to the monopoly Seita as an engineer on organization and method and later worked as a researcher at the French Court of Auditors and as a senior executive in the health ministry.

In 1966 he moved to the United States to study population genetics at Stanford University and returned to France to join the French Institute for Demographic Studies, as head of the department of genetics. In 1973 he was appointed geneticist by the World Health Organization (WHO), the agency of the United Nations (UN) specialized in managing policies for prevention, promotion and intervention in health worldwide.

In 1973 he began teaching at the University of Geneva, Switzerland (1973—1976) and then at the Pierre and Marie Curie University in Paris (1978—1990) and at the Catholic University of Leuven, Belgium (1979—1981). His work earned him national recognition, being named Officer of the Legion of Honor and Commander of the National Order of Merit (1980), and received the Science Award of the Foundation France the same year.

His works include ‘I accuse the triumphant economy’ (1996), ‘Small philosophy for non philosophers’ (1997) and ‘My utopia’ (2006).

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1726 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(924) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-28 00:03:56" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-27 22:03:56" ["post_content"]=> string(1406) "'El arte deberá ser tan importante en la educación como las matemáticas o la gramática, porque desarrolla nuestra capacidad emocional'. Dejó su puesto de director territorial en la caja de ahorros donde llevaba trabajando 30 años para embarcarse en un nuevo proyecto: Triodos Bank, banco holandés creado en 1980 cuyo objetivo principal es ayudar a construir una sociedad más humana y sostenible. El banco invierte en cooperación al desarrollo, tecnología aplicada al Medio Ambiente, comercio justo o empresas socialmente responsables, y nunca en tabaco, armas o energía nuclear, por ejemplo. Y Juan Antonio habla de cosas tan chocantes en boca de un banquero como amor, espiritualidad, arte o libertad.'The art should be as important as education, math or grammar, because it develops our emotional capacity'. He left his position as regional director in the savings bank where he had worked 30 years to embark on a new project: Triodos Bank, a Dutch bank created in 1980 whose main objective is to help build a more human and sustainable society. The bank invests in development cooperation, technology applied to the environment, fair trade and socially responsible companies, and never in snuff, weapons or nuclear energy, for example. And Juan Antonio speaks about things so shocking coming from a banker as love, spirituality, art or freedom." ["post_title"]=> string(124) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Juan Antonio MeléWHAT ABOUT: The future by Juan Antonio Melé" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(42) "what-about-the-future-by-juan-antonio-mele" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=924" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(2) "14" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1723 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3497) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-12-03 00:01:30" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-12-02 23:01:30" ["post_content"]=> string(2112) "La libertad es uno de los conceptos que se enarbolan con mayor facilidad y orgullo. Sin embargo, nadie puede escoger cosas tan importantes como existir o el ambiente en el que se forma, y todas las vidas están marcadas por circunstancias sobre las que no tenemos control ni apenas capacidad de decisión: geográficas, familiares, educativas, culturales, profesionales... La tensión entre estas circunstancias no sólo determina quién somos y en quién nos vamos convirtiendo, sino también qué tipo de sociedad se construye. 'The lottery of birth' —La lotería del nacimiento— es la primera parte de una serie de cuatro documentales titulada 'Creating freedom' —Creando libertad—, realizada por Raoul Martínez y Joshua Van Praag, que analiza las relaciones entre libertad, poder y control en las llamadas democracias occidentales. La película cuenta con entrevistas a eminentes intelectuales, académicos y activistas de todo el mundo, que intentan ofrecer una mirada crítica y alternativa sobre la sociedad de hoy y sobre la que estamos creando para el mañana.Freedom is one of the most easily raised concepts. But we do not choose to exist, or the environment we grow up in. Our starting point in life is one of passive reliance on forces over which we have no control: geographical, familiar, educational, cultural, professional... The outcome of this battle not only determines who we are and who we become, but the society that we create. The lottery of birth is the first in a four-part documentary series entitled Creating freedom exploring the relationship between freedom, power and control in Western democracies. The series draws together interviews with some of the world's leading intellectuals, academicians, journalists and activists to offer an alternative perspective on today's society and the future we are creating." ["post_title"]=> string(82) "La lotería del nacimientoThe lottery of birth" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(20) "the-lottery-of-birth" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-04-30 21:48:53" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-04-30 19:48:53" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3497" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1728 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6717) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2019-06-30 00:01:55" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2019-06-29 22:01:55" ["post_content"]=> string(4957) "El deseo es una fuerza inherente a toda materia y a todo ser, y se manifiesta a través de la atracción —eros, amor— y a través de la repulsión —misos, odio—. A su vez el amor y el odio, hijos del deseo y no al revés, se parten cada uno en dos: el amor a uno mismo y el amor al otro, el odio a uno mismo y el odio al otro. Cuatro movimientos básicos, dos de atracción y dos de repulsión, de los que surgen todas las pasiones, aquí llamadas simplemente 'experiencias del deseo'. Las experiencias derivadas del apego a uno mismo como el narcisismo o el egoísmo; las derivadas del apego al otro como el sexo, el amor a los objetos o el amor al saber; las derivadas del odio a uno mismo como el masoquismo, la anorexia, la angustia o la desesperación; las derivadas del odio al otro como la venganza, el sadismo, el asesinato o la guerra son aquí percibidas como hijas de las fuerzas de atracción y repulsión del deseo, y entre todas conforman un fluido lleno de matices y contradicciones que anima por igual a los seres y las cosas. W_lasexperienciasdeldeseo
'Campo magnético', Berenice Abbott, 1982
A través de un discurso ajeno a los juicios morales y a las omisiones interesadas acerca de los abismos que constituyen la naturaleza humana, 'Las experiencias del deseo', obra de Jesús Ferrero ganadora del Premio Anagrama de Ensayo en el año 2009, va desplegando una geografía de las pasiones donde la negatividad es vista como una fuerza necesaria y fundamental que anima desde dentro la mecánica de la vida y el fluir del Universo. Por eso, las pasiones consideradas negativas y disgregadoras tienen aquí el mismo rango que las consideradas positivas y cohesionadoras, y por la misma razón se evitan conceptos como perversión, desviación o enfermedad para definir lo que en esencia sólo son, insiste el autor, experiencias del deseo. Ferrero consigue aunar el estudio de la filosofía y la psicología con la literatura, y va construyendo poco a poco, en siete partes y un epílogo, una historia sobre nuestros amores y nuestros odios y de cómo actúan en la persona desde el vientre materno hasta el fin de sus días. Desire is a force inherent in all matter and all being, manifested through attraction —eros, love— and repulsion —misos, hate—. In turn, the love and hate, sons of desire and not the opposite, are split each into two: the love of self and love the other, hate yourself and hate the other. Four basic movements, two of attraction and two of repulsion, from where arise all the passions, here simply called 'experiences of desire'. The experiences derived from attachment oneself as narcissism or selfishness; derived from attachment to other as sex or the love of things or knowledge; derived from self-hatred as masochism, anorexia, anxiety or desperation; derived from hate to another as revenge, sadism, murder or war are perceived here as daughters of the forces of attraction and repulsion of desire, and among all form a nuanced and contradictory fluid, which encourage beings and also things. W_lasexperienciasdeldeseo
'Magnetic field', Berenice Abbott, 1982
Through a speech avoiding moral judgments and the depths that constitute human nature, 'The experiences of desire', the work of Jesús Ferrero winner of the Anagrama Essay Prize in 2009, unfolds a geography of passions where negativity is seen as a necessary and vital force that animates from within the mechanics of life and the flow of the Universe. Therefore, the considered negative and divisive passions have here the same range as those considered positive and integrative, and for the same reason concepts as perversion, diversion or disease are eliminated to define what are essentially only experiences of desire. Ferrero manages to combine the study of philosophy and psychology with literature, and gradually builds, into seven parts and an epilogue, a story about our loves and our hates and how they act in the person from birth to the end of his days. 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Fue sometido a resonancias magnéticas nucleares y conectado a 256 sensores para detectar su nivel de estrés, irritabilidad, enfado, placer, satisfacción y multitud de sensaciones diferentes, y los resultados fueron comparados con los obtenidos en cientos de voluntarios cuya felicidad fue clasificada en niveles que iban del +0.3 —muy infeliz— a –0.3 —muy feliz—. Matthieu logró –0.45, desbordando los límites previstos en el estudio, superando todos los registros anteriores y ganándose un título que él mismo no termina de aceptar. Prefiere limitarse a resaltar que efectivamente la cantidad de 'emociones positivas' que produce su cerebro está 'muy lejos de los parámetros normales'. Matthieu es un monje budista que reside en el monasterio Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling, en Nepal. Nació en París en 1946 y es hijo de Jean-François Revel, un filósofo francés de renombre, por lo que creció rodeado de la élite intelectual francesa. Doctorado en genética molecular en el Instituto Pasteur, tras terminar su tesis doctoral en 1972 decidió abandonar la carrera científica y concentrarse en la práctica del budismo tibetano. Vivió en el Himalaya y fue discípulo de Kangyur Rinpoche, maestro de una ancestral escuela budista de la tradición Nyingma. Después se convirtió en discípulo cercano de Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche hasta su muerte en 1991, y desde entonces es asesor personal del decimocuarto Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. En esta entrevista, realizada en el canal Vision, explica cómo la felicidad es algo que puede conseguirse a través del aprendizaje y el entrenamiento, igual que leer, escribir, andar en bicicleta o tocar música de Mozart.After years of study of his brain in the affective neuroscience laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, USA, in April 2007 Matthieu Ricard was considered as 'the happiest man in the world'. He was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance and connected to 256 sensors to detect his stress, irritability, anger, pleasure, satisfaction and many different sensations, and the results were compared with those obtained from hundreds of volunteers whose happiness was classified at levels ranged from 0.3 (very unhappy) to -0.3 (very happy). Matthieu managed to -0.45, overflowing the limits provided in the study, surpassing all previous records and earning a title that he does not accept. He prefers to highlight that effectively the amount of 'positive emotions' that produces his brain is 'far from normal parameters'. Matthieu is a Buddhist monk who resides in the Dargyeling Tennyi Shechen monastery in Nepal. He was born in Paris in 1946 and is the son of Jean-François Revel, a French philosopher of renown, so he grew up surrounded by the French intellectual elite. PhD in molecular genetics at the Pasteur Institute, after completing his doctoral thesis in 1972 decided to abandon the scientific career and concentrate on the practice of Tibetan Buddhism. He lived in the Himalayas and was a disciple of Kangyur Rinpoche, master of an ancient Buddhist school of the Nyingma tradition. Then it became a close disciple of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche until his death in 1991, and since then is personal adviser to the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. In this interview, conducted on channel Vision, he explains how happiness is something that can be achieved through learning and training, just like reading, writing, bicycling or playing music of Mozart." 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