30/06/2019

The experiences of desire

Desire is a force inherent in all matter and all being, manifested through attraction —eros, love— and repulsion —misos, hate—. In turn, the love and hate, sons of desire and not the opposite, are split each into two: the love of self and love the other, hate yourself and hate the other. Four basic movements, two of attraction and two of repulsion, from where arise all the passions, here simply called ‘experiences of desire’.

The experiences derived from attachment oneself as narcissism or selfishness; derived from attachment to other as sex or the love of things or knowledge; derived from self-hatred as masochism, anorexia, anxiety or desperation; derived from hate to another as revenge, sadism, murder or war are perceived here as daughters of the forces of attraction and repulsion of desire, and among all form a nuanced and contradictory fluid, which encourage beings and also things.

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‘Magnetic field’, Berenice Abbott, 1982

Through a speech avoiding moral judgments and the depths that constitute human nature, ‘The experiences of desire’, the work of Jesús Ferrero winner of the Anagrama Essay Prize in 2009, unfolds a geography of passions where negativity is seen as a necessary and vital force that animates from within the mechanics of life and the flow of the Universe. Therefore, the considered negative and divisive passions have here the same range as those considered positive and integrative, and for the same reason concepts as perversion, diversion or disease are eliminated to define what are essentially only experiences of desire.

Ferrero manages to combine the study of philosophy and psychology with literature, and gradually builds, into seven parts and an epilogue, a story about our loves and our hates and how they act in the person from birth to the end of his days.

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La intelectual aboga por la objetividad en los análisis, y la moral incluye la frase 'El amor es sabio, el odio es estúpido', que lo dice todo para quien quiera entenderlo.Bertrand Russell was a British philosopher, mathematician and writer, winner of a Nobel Prize in Literature and well known for his influence in analytical philosophy, his mathematics studies and his social activism. When asked what he will tell, in a hundred years time, to our descendants about what he has learned throughout his life, Russell gives two answers: an intellectual one and a moral one. The intellectual pleads for objectivity in analysis and the moral one includes the sentence 'Love is wise, hate is foolish' which tells everything in itself to whom is willing to understand it. 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Puede definirse como la aceptación de un enunciado realizado por alguien con determinada autoridad, conocimiento o experiencia, o bien como la suposición de que algo reflexionado por uno mismo es correcto aunque falten pruebas para llegar a una certeza sobre ello. La fe y la confianza van de la mano, y las causas por las cuales las personas se convencen de la veracidad de algo aceptándolo por fe dependen de los principios filosóficos en los que se confía y de otros aspectos de tipo emocional o cultural. 'Ainda dá tempo' —Aún hay tiempo— es un proyecto de Colisão Filmes que pretende mostrar que, para conseguir un cambio, antes es necesario creer que es posible. El mundo es de todos y necesita de nuestra fe y optimismo para que el deseo de cambio se transforme en un cambio real, y eso precisa de una transformación interna: cambiando la manera de pensar cambiamos el modo de actuar, y actuando se cambia el mundo.Faith is confidence or belief in something or someone. Can be defined as the acceptance of a statement made ​​by someone with some authority, knowledge or experience, or as the assumption that something created by oneself is correct although there are not any proves to arrive at a certainty about that something. Faith goes hand in hand with trust, and the reasons why people are convinced of the truth of something by faith depend on the philosophical principles in which trust and other emotional or cultural aspects. 'Ainda dá tempo' —There is still time— is a project by Colisão Filmes aiming to make people realize that to make a change, we must first believe that it is possible. The world belongs to all of us and needs our faith and optimism so that our will to change becomes a real change, and this needs starting from within: by changing our way of thinking, we change our way of acting and by acting we change the world. " ["post_title"]=> string(76) "Imposible sin feImpossible without faith" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(24) "impossible-without-faith" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:12:31" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:12:31" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5421" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1731 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5248) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-09-16 00:01:25" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-09-15 22:01:25" ["post_content"]=> string(5626) "La concepción de la vida como un sueño es muy antigua. Existen referencias a esa idea en épocas y culturas tan dispares como la tradición hindú, la mística persa, la filosofía griega o la moral judeocristiana. Parvati es la diosa hindú de los sueños, pero también lo es de los nacimientos y de todo aquello relacionado con la creación, lo que sugiere que la tradición hindú otorga a los sueños una capacidad creativa y el poder de fabricar algo que no existía anteriormente en el mundo material. Una de las obras más importantes de la cultura persa y árabe es Las mil y una noches, en muchos de cuyos cuentos se trata el tema de los sueños, que se muestra como un juego de espejos en los que la realidad se ve reflejada y nos impide ver lo que realmente tenemos alrededor. El ejemplo más claro es El sueño del campesino, también conocido como Cuento del durmiente despierto, en el que un rey y un mendigo intercambian sus papeles y el segundo termina creyendo que todo ha sido un sueño. El mito de la caverna es una narración alegórica en la que el filósofo griego Platón explica su teoría de la existencia de dos mundos, el sensible y el de las ideas, y describe metafóricamente la situación en la que se encuentra el ser humano ante ellos: la vida transcurre en una especie de ensoñación, ignorante y gobernada por los sentidos, de la que sólo se puede despertar a través de la razón, para alcanzar el verdadero conocimiento. W_mitodelacaverna
'Alegoría de la caverna de Platón', Jan Saenredam, 1604
El escritor español Calderón de la Barca, en su obra La vida es sueño, plantea una dicotomía entre la vida terrenal y la vida celestial en la que la primera queda equiparada a un sueño del que sólo despertamos al morir. Por tanto lo real es la muerte, y la vida es asociada a la irrealidad del sueño, de tal manera que se invierten los términos de nuestra percepción cotidiana: la vida es muerte y la muerte es vida. Ya en el siglo XX, el filósofo británico Alan Watts reflexiona en este vídeo sobre esa misma relación entre vida y sueño y muy probablemente estaría de acuerdo con esta maravillosa combinación de palabras de Calderón, escrita tres siglos antes: 'Sueña el rico en su riqueza que más cuidados le ofrece; sueña el pobre que padece su miseria y su pobreza; sueña el que a medrar empieza, sueña el que afana y pretende, sueña el que agravia y ofende y en el mundo, en conclusión, todos sueñan lo que son aunque ninguno lo entiende'.The conception of life as a dream is very old. There are references to this idea in so different times and cultures as the Hindu tradition, Persian mystique, Greek philosophy or Judeo-Christian morality. Parvati is the Hindu goddess of dreams, and also of births and everything related to the creation, suggesting that the Hindu tradition gives to dreams a creative ability and the power to produce something that did not previously exist in the material world. One of the most important works of Persian and Arabic culture is A thousand and one nights, in many of whose stories it comes the subject of dreams, shown as a set of mirrors in which reality is reflected and prevents us from seeing what we have around. The clearest example is the tale The sleeper and the waker, in which a king and a beggar swap roles and the second ends up believing everything has been a dream. The allegory of the cave is a narrative in which the Greek philosopher Plato explains his theory of the existence of two worlds —Sense and Ideas— and metaphorically describes the situation in which the human is related by them: life goes into a kind of reverie, ignorant and ruled by the senses, of which you can wake up only through the reason, to attain true knowledge. W_mitodelacaverna
‘Allegory of Plato's Cave’, Jan Saenredam, 1604
The Spanish writer Calderon de la Barca, in his work Life is a dream, poses a dichotomy between earthly life and the heavenly life in which the first is similar to a dream that will finish only at death. Therefore, the real is death and life is associated with the unreality of the dream, so that the terms of our everyday perception are reversed: life is death and death is life. Already in the twentieth century, British philosopher Alan Watts reflects on this video about the same relationship between sleep and life and most likely would agree with the wonderful words of Calderon, written three centuries earlier: 'And the rich man dreams of gold, gilding cares it scarce conceals; and the poor man dreams he feels want and misery and cold; dreams he too who rank would hold, dreams who bears toil's rough-ribbed hands, dreams who wrong for wrong demands and in fine, throughout the Earth, all men dream whatever their birth, and yet no one understands'." ["post_title"]=> string(68) "La vida es sueñoLife is a dream" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(15) "life-is-a-dream" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 13:25:48" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 11:25:48" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5248" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1881 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(7008) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-08-11 00:01:56" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-08-10 22:01:56" ["post_content"]=> string(6172) "Michael J Sandel es filósofo y catedrático de justicia y filosofía política en la Universidad de Harvard y lleva más de dos décadas impartiendo la asignatura Justicia, que se ha convertido en la asignatura con más matrículas de la historia de Harvard, con más de 14.000 alumnos. Sandel pertenece a la corriente de pensamiento de la filosofía política llamada Comunitarismo y es conocido por su crítica a la Teoría de la Justicia de John Rawls y por su trabajo y estudio sobre la ética en ingeniería genética y bioética en general. En su libro Lo que el dinero no puede comprar desafía la idea de la supuesta neutralidad moral de los mercados, defendiendo la existencia e importancia de la moral y la justicia —o la falta de ellas— en todos los actos y esferas de la vida, no sólo en la personal sino también la política, económica y espiritual-religiosa, que se ven de esta forma afectadas entre sí. El presente vídeo es uno de los doce capítulos de la serie coproducida por la WGBH y la Universidad de Harvard llamada Justicia: ¿Qué es lo que hay que hacer correctamente?, donde se ofrecen versiones resumidas de las clases del pensador en la universidad. Este capítulo es la presentación del curso, donde trata la cuestión de la ética y la moral en el sentido práctico y aborda los dilemas morales a través de preguntas donde debemos elegir que es lo correcto. A través de unos dilemas sencillos y supuestos, Sandel reflexiona y acude a la Historia y a la inmensa herencia en este vasto tema de los gigantes del pensamiento en filosofía política, justicia, ética y moral como Aristóteles, Kant, Locke o Stuart Mill. Dilemas eternos y presentes en la filosofía política y moral desde sus inicios, siempre abiertos pero que condicionan nuestro comportamiento a nivel individual y también político y comunitario.
Elegir es renunciar, y a veces hay que hacerlo. ¿Cómo saber cuándo? —Imagen Pexels
A través de un formato de clase de discusión orientada —método socrático—, con preguntas y respuestas que establecen un diálogo con los estudiantes —o el espectador—, la teoría se vuelve práctica e integra los problemas morales en el propio individuo para entender las consecuencias de nuestras ideas y códigos morales a nivel comunitario. El objetivo es llegar a un auténtico y profundo entendimiento de la justicia y, según la manera en que se resuelven estos dilemas y la moral que se esconde detrás de pensamiento y práctica, poder entender la Historia y algunos de los actos más inmorales que hemos vivido como Humanidad, y quizá remediar los futuros.Michael J Sandel is a philosopher and a professor at Harvard University in Justice and Political Philosophy. He have more than two decades teaching the subject Justice, which has been established as the subject with more registrations Harvard's history with over 14,000 trainees. Sandel belongs to the school of thought of Communitarianism and is known for his criticism of the Theory of Justice by John Rawls and his work ethic and study on genetic engineering and bioethics in general. In his book What money can not buy challenges the idea of the supposed neutrality of markets in morally level. Advocating the importance and existence of morality and justice —or lack thereof— in all acts and walks of life not only in the personal but also political, economic and spiritual-religious, areas in this way are affected each other. This video is one of the twelve chapters of a series co-produced by WGBH and Harvard University called Justice: What is the right thing to do?, where abridged versions of the thinker classes are offered in University. This chapter is the presentation of the course, which addresses the issue of ethics and morality in the practical sense, deals with moral dilemmas through questions where we must choose what is right. Through a few simple assumptions and dilemmas, Sandel reflects the history and heritage in this vast vast subject of the giants of thought in political philosophy, justice, ethics and morality as Aristotle, Kant, Locke or Stuart Mill. Dilemmas eternal and present in political and moral philosophy from the beginning, always open but that condition our behavior at the individual level but also political and community. W_locorrecto
To choose is to resign, and sometimes you have to do it. How to know when? —Image Pexels
His questions and conclusions through a format oriented class discussion —Socratic method— through questions and answers by establishing a dialogue with students —or viewers— where theory becomes practice by integrating moral issues in the individual himself to understand the consequences of our ideas and budgets and moral codes at the community level, in order to reach a true and deep understanding of justice and as, according to the manner in which these dilemmas and moral resolve which hides behind thought and practice can understand the history and some of the most immoral acts we have lived as Humanity, and perhaps in the future we can remedy." ["post_title"]=> string(86) "Cómo escoger correctamenteHow to choose correctly" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "how-to-choose-correctly" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 13:19:17" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 11:19:17" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=7008" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }