03/12/2012

The lottery of birth

Freedom is one of the most easily raised concepts. But we do not choose to exist, or the environment we grow up in. Our starting point in life is one of passive reliance on forces over which we have no control: geographical, familiar, educational, cultural, professional… The outcome of this battle not only determines who we are and who we become, but the society that we create.

The lottery of birth is the first in a four-part documentary series entitled Creating freedom exploring the relationship between freedom, power and control in Western democracies. The series draws together interviews with some of the world’s leading intellectuals, academicians, journalists and activists to offer an alternative perspective on today’s society and the future we are creating.

Related posts
901
1
array(2) { [0]=> int(901) [1]=> int(1) }
array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1724 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6822) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-07-14 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(2707) "Daniel Dennet es un filósofo y escritor de origen estadounidense. Doctor y catedrático en filosofía, ha sido uno de los pensadores más destacados en filosofía de la ciencia, y concretamente en ciencias cognitivas. Temas como conciencia, intencionalidad, inteligencia artificial, memética, el estudio de la significación actual del Darwinismo o la religión, han sido algunas de las áreas donde su trabajo ha sido más destacado. Está considerado uno de los cuatro jinetes de la corriente de pensamiento del Nuevo Ateísmo junto a Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris y Cristopher Hitchens, con los que se ha dado forma a la versión más contemporánea de esta idea. Su ciencia se ha distinguido por  buscar una filosofía de la mente y del universo cognitivo a través del empirismo, el método científico y la verificación para aportar base científica basada en los hechos sobre la conciencia, la intencionalidad, la responsabilidad y todo lo que se refiere a la cognición humana. En esta entrevista sobre el tema específico de la conciencia y el libre albedrío, Dennet hace una profunda reflexión en zigzag a través de tres preguntas para llegar a una conclusión potente y acorde a tamaña figura del pensamiento contemporáneo.Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding. He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition. In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought." ["post_title"]=> string(91) "Conciencia y libre albedríoConsciousness and free will" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "consciousness-and-free-will" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 19:02:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 18:02:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6822" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1722 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3983) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-02-18 00:02:17" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-02-17 23:02:17" ["post_content"]=> string(2183) "Alan Watts fue un filósofo, escritor, editor, conferenciante, sacerdote anglicano y experto en religión británico. Se le conoce sobre todo por su labor como intérprete y divulgador de las filosofías asiáticas para la audiencia occidental. Escribió más de 25 libros y numerosos artículos sobre temas como la identidad personal, la verdadera naturaleza de la realidad, la elevación de la conciencia y la búsqueda de la felicidad, relacionando su experiencia con el conocimiento científico y con la enseñanza de las religiones y filosofías orientales y occidentales —budismo, taoísmo, cristianismo, hinduismo, etc—. Becado por la Universidad de Harvard y la Bollingen Foundation, obtuvo un máster en teología por el seminario teológico Sudbury-Western y un doctorado honoris causa por la Universidad de Vermont, en reconocimiento a su contribución al campo de las religiones comparadas. En este vídeo defiende la existencia de un vínculo entre todo lo que hay en el Universo y habla de la importancia de las creencias y de cómo al modificarlas se producen cambios en las emociones y en el comportamiento.Alan Watts was a British philosopher, writer, editor, lecturer, Anglican priest and expert on religion. He is known primarily for his work as an interpreter and popularizer of Asian philosophies for a Western audience. He wrote more than 25 books and numerous articles on subjects such as personal identity, the true nature of reality, consciousness raising and the pursuit of happiness, relating his experience to scientific knowledge and the teaching of religions and philosophies East and West —Buddhism, Taoism, Christianity, Hinduism, etc—. Grant from Harvard University and the Bollingen Foundation, obtained a masters in theology from the Sudbury-Western Theological Seminary and an honorary doctorate from the University of Vermont, in recognition of his contribution to the field of comparative religion. In this video defends the existence of a link between everything in the Universe and talks about the importance of our beliefs and how to modify them are changes in emotions and behavior." ["post_title"]=> string(123) "La gente de las antípodas ya no se caePeople from the antipodes don't fall off anymore" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(38) "la-gente-de-las-antipodas-ya-no-se-cae" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-16 13:45:43" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-16 12:45:43" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3983" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1726 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4813) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-05-20 00:01:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-05-19 22:01:20" ["post_content"]=> string(3697) "'El futuro no tiene buena pinta'. Lingüista, filósofo, historiador, crítico político y activista americano, es profesor emérito en el departamento de Lingüística y Filosofía del MIT —Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts—, donde lleva trabajando más de 50 años. Además de su impresionante labor en el campo de la lingüística, ha escrito más de 100 libros sobre guerra, política y medios de comunicación, siendo el más conocido 'Los guardianes de la libertad' —Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media—, escrito con Edward S. Herman en 1988. Según el Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) fue el investigador vivo más citado como fuente entre 1980 y 1992, y el octavo de todos los tiempos. Está considerado una figura cultural prominente a nivel mundial y The New York Times llegó a denominarle 'el más importante de los pensadores contemporáneos'. Padre de la lingüística moderna y figura destacada en el campo de la filosofía analítica, su trabajo ha tenido influencia en sectores tan diversos como la informática, las matemáticas o la psicología. Fue autor de la Jerarquía de Chomsky, que revolucionó el estudio del lenguaje, y co-autor del Teorema de Chomsky-Schützenberger. Después de la publicación de su primer libro sobre lingüística se convirtió en un crítico feroz de la guerra de Vietnam, y desde entonces no ha dejado de publicar libros de análisis político. Es bien conocida su postura crítica con las políticas exteriores de Estados Unidos e Israel, con el capitalismo contemporáneo y con los medios de comunicación de masas. Chomsky, que desvincula completamente su actividad científica de su activismo político, se describe a sí mismo como un simpatizante del anarcosindicalismo y es miembro del sindicato IWW, Industrial Workers of the World —Trabajadores industriales del mundo—.'The future is not a pretty picture'. American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, political critic and activist, he is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT —Massachusetts Institute of Technology—, where he has worked for over 50 years. In addition to his work in linguistics he has written on war, politics and mass media, and is the author of over 100 books, including the influential 'Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media' with Edward S. Herman in 1988. According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in 1992, Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar from 1980 to 1992, and was the eighth most cited source overall. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and he was voted the 'World's top public intellectual' in a 2005 poll. Chomsky has been described as the 'father of modern linguistics' and a major figure of analytic philosophy. His work has influenced fields such as computer science, mathematics and psychology. He is credited as the creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, the universal grammar theory, and co-creator of the Chomsky-Schützenberger theorem. After the publication of his first book on linguistics, Chomsky became a prominent critic of the Vietnam War, and since then has continued to publish books of political criticism. He has become well known for his critiques of US foreign policy, state capitalism and the mainstream news media. He describes his views as 'fairly traditional anarchist ones, with origins in the Enlightenment and classical liberalism', and often identifies with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism. He is a member of the union IWW, Industrials Workers of the World." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Noam ChomskyWHAT ABOUT: The future by Noam Chomsky" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(37) "what-about-the-future-by-noam-chomsky" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:02:37" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 13:02:37" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4813" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1859 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5297) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-10-07 00:01:00" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-10-06 22:01:00" ["post_content"]=> string(1439) "'El futuro es un retorno a la tierra'. Mujer medicina de la frontera entre Ecuador y Perú, es portadora del arte sagrado de los Altares y Guardiana del Fuego Sagrado de Itzachilatlan. Desde hace 50 años aboga por la autonomía de prácticas y enseñanzas tradicionales de los Andes. Ha trabajado con pueblos de la Amazonia, habitantes de la calle y población de cárceles de Quito, Ecuador. Su labor actual está enfocada en mujeres, en jóvenes de áreas urbanas y en investigaciones sobre el rol y las relaciones entre los géneros, con actividad en varios países como Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Perú, Brasil, Colombia, Estados Unidos, España, Portugal, Canadá, Alemania, Israel, Holanda e Inglaterra.'The future is a return to the land'. Medicine woman of the border between Ecuador and Peru, she carries the Sacred Art of the Altars and is the Guardian of the Sacred Fire of Itzachilatlan. For 50 years she has advocated the autonomy of traditional teachings and practices from the Andes. She has worked with people of the Amazon, street dwellers and prison population of Quito, Ecuador. Her current work is focused on women, youth in urban areas and on research on the role and relationships between the genders, with activity in several countries such as Chile, Argentina, Ecuador, Peru, Brazil, Colombia, United States, Spain, Portugal , Canada, Germany, Israel, Netherlands and England." ["post_title"]=> string(116) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Carmen VicenteWHAT ABOUT: The future by Carmen Vicente" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(39) "what-about-the-future-by-carmen-vicente" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:00:57" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 13:00:57" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5297" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }