01/03/2015

The pathological search for benefit and power

One hundred and fifty years ago, the corporation was a relatively insignificant entity. Now it is a vivid and pervasive presence in all our lives. Like the Church, the Monarchy or the Communist Party in other times and places, it is today’s dominant institution. But History humbles dominant institutions; all have been crushed or absorbed into some new order, and the corporation is unlikely to be the first institution to defy History.

Based on Joel Bakan’s book The corporation: the pathological pursuit of profit and power, the documentary The corporation is a timely, critical inquiry that examines the very nature of this kind of companies: its inner workings, curious history, controversial impacts and possible futures.

We begin by learning that, under the law, corporations have all the rights and yet few of the responsibilities of people. Later, by viewing the behavior of the corporation through the prism DSM —Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, the gold standard of psychiatric evaluation— the authors discover that if the corporation were indeed a person, the person would be considered a psychopath.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1679 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5216) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-09-09 00:01:57" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-09-08 22:01:57" ["post_content"]=> string(1703) "'La vida, y no solo la humana, será la protagonista del futuro'. Fundador de Ideas for Change, un think-tank estratégico para clientes como Telefónica, Universitat Oberta de Catalunya, el Gobierno Vasco o el Ayuntamiento de Barcelona, Javier está considerado uno de los principales estrategas y pensadores sobre economía colaborativa, modelos de negocio P2P e innovación ciudadana en España. Ha sido planificador estratégico freelance para la mayoría de las mejores agencias de publicidad del país y profesor de marketing en ESADE, además de co-fundador de Digital Mood y del espacio multidisciplinar @kubik. Co-autor del libro 'No somos hormigas', publica regularmente en la revista Yorokubu y es miembro activo de Open Knowledge Foundation, Ouishare, The School of Commons y MLove.'Life, and not only human life, will be the protagonist of the future'. Founder of Ideas for Change, a strategic think-tank for clients such as Telefónica, Open University of Catalonia, the Bask Goverment or the City Council of Barcelona, Javier is considered to be one of the primary strategists and thought leaders in collaborative economy, open and P2P business models, citizen innovation and the networked society in Spain. He has been a freelance strategic planner for many of the most creative agencies in Spain, co founder of Digital Mood incubator and @kubik multidisciplinary space, and services marketing professor at ESADE. Co-author of 'No somos hormigas' (We are not ants), publishes regularily at Yorokobu magazine and is an active member of the Open Knowledge Foundation, Ouishare, The School of Commons and MLove." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Javier CreusWHAT ABOUT: The future by Javier Creus" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(37) "what-about-the-future-by-javier-creus" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:01:28" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 13:01:28" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5216" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1675 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(7035) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2046" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-09-08 00:01:22" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-09-07 22:01:22" ["post_content"]=> string(8371) "El paternalismo de Estado está llegando a su fin. La consigna institucional de ‘protección a los buenos ciudadanos’ está perdiendo credibilidad en todas sus formas de persuasión. No ha sido capaz de protegernos de las estafas mundiales orquestadas por la banca ni de los abusos de las multinacionales para obtener ventajas frente a los pequeños empresarios. Por el contrario, los casos crecientes y extendidos de corrupción en el seno de los mandatarios hacen pensar cada día más que es de ellos de quien debemos protegernos y a quienes debemos enfrentarnos. El Estado hoy es un ente con intereses propios que trata al ciudadano como un cliente al que debe satisfacer mínimamente para proseguir existiendo en su poder. Los partidos compiten entre ellos para sus propios intereses. En este delicado intercambio con el pueblo, satisfacen unas necesidades ociosas, económicas y de identidad, para no perder los privilegios que se han agenciado. Hoy ya no escandalizan estos comentarios. El bienestar, la palabra mágica para comprar el alma de los ciudadanos, es la moneda de cambio. Pero la propia dinámica social está socavando esta pretendida seguridad que el Estado avala con su sello para el ‘buen ciudadano’. Uno de los signos de esta revolución social son las nuevas formas de organización ciudadana que van surgiendo. Lo lamento por aquellos devotos ciudadanos insertos en el sistema de control orquestado por las instituciones oficiales, pero hay que caminar a favor de la sostenibilidad y el aprovechamiento los recursos naturales. Compartir es el nuevo paradigma de la economía colaborativa, que las nuevas tecnologías están dejando aflorar. Es necesario reconsiderar el papel intrusivo del Estado, escondido bajo esta falsa seguridad al ciudadano. No es menos sorprendente el nivel de fiabilidad que subsiste en estos nuevos tipos de intercambio social. Si hubiera habido muchos casos de fraude ya nos lo hubieran hecho saber por sus informativos. W_elfindelpaternalismo
Internet ha supuesto una revolución muy rápida a muchos niveles, y a menudo los gobernantes se ven atropellados por acontecimientos que todavía no cuentan con una legislación clara —Imagen Unknown Author
En mi barrio, so pretexto de barullo para el vecindario, no se dan licencias para apartamentos turísticos. El incivismo de algunos y la incapacidad del ayuntamiento para gestionarlo no deberían saldarse con una normativa que capa la libertad de los ciudadanos para compartir su vivienda o cederla a cambio de unos ingresos. Comprendo que el trust bancos-estado-grandes empresas esté atemorizado ante la amenaza de esta economía que tiende hacia la sostenibilidad; tal vez en números enteros signifique un decrecimiento, pero en calidad medioambiental no dudo que significará un significativo crecimiento. No es ningún secreto la presión de los hoteleros para erradicar de los barrios en lo posible este tipo de transacciones. El que alquila una habitación, está optimizando el aprovechamiento de los recursos naturales y el esfuerzo humano para construir su piso. El que comparte un viaje en coche optimiza el aprovechamiento del carburante que emplearía igualmente viajando solo, o quien alquila su piso se desplaza a otro piso más pequeño o lo comparte con otros. De este modo visto en conjunto, con menos recursos naturales y menos agentes contaminantes, puede preservarse mucho del consumo necesario. Es más sostenible y créanme, esto se siente en el espíritu de las personas que participan de estos nuevos modelos. Estoy de acuerdo, hay que crear nuevas regulaciones adecuadas para proteger al ciudadano de abusos y de posibles infractores en este nuevo tipo de organización social. Hay que minimizar los perjuicios y fiscalizar las nuevas formas de economía. Considero que este debería ser el papel de las instituciones en su misión esencial de optimizar la convivencia de los ciudadanos. Compartir automóviles, rentabilizar los pisos y cuantas formas surjan para mejorar la sostenibilidad son un adelanto para la supervivencia humana en este planeta.The paternalism of State is coming to an end. The corporate slogan of 'protecting the good citizens' is losing credibility in all forms of persuasion. He has not been able to protect us from global banking scams orchestrated or abuses of multinationals to gain advantage over small businesses. On the contrary, the growing and widespread corruption within the leaders cases suggest, reality shows us that we need protect ourselves from them, and is of them to those we must need to face. Today, the State is an entity with its own interests which treats the citizen as a customer, the State must minimally meet to continue to exist in its power. The parties compete with each other for their own interests. In this delicate exchange with people, the State meets the our needs of leisure, economics and identity, to thereby keep their own privileges acquired. Comments like these, nowadays no longer scandalize anyone. Welfare, the magic word to buy the soul of citizens, is the currency. But the social dynamics itself is undermining this false security that the State guarantees his seal to the 'good citizen'. One sign of this social revolution are the new forms of civic organization emerging. I feel sorry for those devotees citizens inserts in control system orchestrated by official institutions, but we need to walk in favor of sustainability and use of natural resources. Sharing is the new paradigm of collaborative economy that new technologies are letting emerge. It is necessary to reconsider the intrusive role of the State, hidden under the false security to citizens. No less surprising is the level of confidence that exists in these new types of social exchange. If there had been many cases of fraud, we would know  the situation, through its information and news. W_elfindelpaternalismo
The Internet has meant a very rapid revolution at many levels, and governors and rulers are often run over by events that do not have a clear legislation yet —Image Unknown Author
In my neighborhood pretext of a big din, does not  licenses are given to rent or share apartments. The incivility of some and the inability of the council to manage it, should not be paid with a rules that restrict the freedom of citizens to share their property or transfer it to  income change. I understand that the trust banks-been-great companies are frightened by the threat of this economy that tends towards sustainability; in integers numbers perhaps mean a economic decrease, but  in the environmental quality, without no doubt, this way of economy it will mean significate growth. It's no secret pressure from hoteliers to eradicate possible in the neighborhoods such transactions. Anyone who rents a room, is optimizing the use of natural resources and human effort to build your floor. Anyone who shares a travel in a car optimizes the use of fuel that also employ traveling alone, or who rents his apartment and moves to a smaller or share it with other floor. Thus viewed together, with fewer resources and less pollutants can be preserved much consumption. It is more sustainable and believe me, this feels in the spirit of the people who participate in these new models. I agree, create new laws and rules adequate to protect citizens from abuse and potential offenders in this new type of social organization . You have to minimize the damage and monitor new forms of economy. I believe this should be the role of institutions on its core mission of optimizing the coexistence of citizens. Share the automobiles, share the apartments, and any ways to improve the sustainability are arising, and this fact is an advance for human survival on this planet." ["post_title"]=> string(98) "El fin del paternalismo del EstadoThe end of State paternalism" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(28) "the-end-of-state-paternalism" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:54:49" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 22:54:49" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=7035" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1681 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2938) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-09 00:05:51" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-08 22:05:51" ["post_content"]=> string(3789) "Noam Chomsky es un lingüista, filósofo y activista estadounidense. Profesor emérito de lingüística en el MIT —Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts—, está considerado una de las figuras más destacadas en dicha especialidad gracias a sus trabajos sobre teoría lingüística y ciencia cognitiva, como la Jerarquía de Chomsky. Doctor Honoris Causa por la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, la Universidad de la Frontera de Chile y la Universidad Autónoma de México, el periódico The New York Times llegó a definirlo como 'el más importante de los pensadores contemporáneos'. Aunque quizá la faceta más popular de Chomsky sea su firme compromiso con la política, que comenzó en los años de la guerra de Vietnam y le llevó a afiliarse al sindicato IWW / Industrial Workers of the World —Trabajadores Industriales del Mundo—. Su activismo está caracterizado por una fuerte crítica al capitalismo contemporáneo, a la política exterior de Estados Unidos e Israel y a la manipulación de la población por parte de la élites económicas y los gobiernos. Uno de sus principales aportes intelectuales en el ámbito de la política ha sido el análisis de los medios de comunicación y los enfoques sesgados, o incluso engaños, que percibe detrás de su supuesta neutralidad. Se trata de un trabajo de contrainformación que ha inspirado a muchos otros autores y ha sido plasmado en obras como el ensayo 'Los guardianes de la libertad' —Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media—, escrito en 1988 en colaboración con el economista y profesor de la Universidad de Pennsylvania Edward S. Herman. En este vídeo se cuestiona si los miembros de una sociedad democrática bombardeada constantemente con técnicas de marketing pueden ser capaces de escoger libremente.Noam Chomsky is an American linguist, philosopher and activist. Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at the MIT —Massachusetts Institute of Technology—, he is considered one of the leading figures in this field thanks to his work on linguistic theory and cognitive science, as the Chomsky Hierarchy. Doctor Honoris Causa by the Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Universidad de la Frontera de Chile and the Universidad Autónoma de México, The New York Times once defined him as 'one of the most important contemporary thinkers'. But perhaps the most popular aspect of Chomsky is his strongly committment to politics that began in the years of the Vietnam War and led him to join the union IWW / Industrial Workers of the World. His activism is characterized by a strong criticism of contemporary capitalism, the United States’ and Israel foreign policy and the manipulation of the population by the economic elites and governments. One of its main intellectual contributions in the field of politics has been the analysis of the media and biased approaches, or even cheating, that he perceives behind his supposed neutrality. This is a work of disinformation that has inspired many other authors and has been reflected in works like the essay 'Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media', written in 1988 in collaboration with the economist and professor at the University of Pennsylvania, Edward S. Herman. This video questions whether members of a democratic society, bombed with marketing techniques, may be able to choose freely." ["post_title"]=> string(116) "¿Son compatibles democracia y marketing?Are democracy and marketing compatible?" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(38) "are-democracy-and-marketing-compatible" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-03 00:52:07" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-02 23:52:07" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2938" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "1" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1787 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(7296) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2019-12-18 21:30:42" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2019-12-18 20:30:42" ["post_content"]=> string(2958) "'El futuro ha de ser, como dicen en Latinoamérica, del buen vivir' —Arcadi Oliveres es economista y profesor universitario de la Universitat Autònoma de Catalunya, participante activo en movimientos sociales desde su juventud y reconocido activista de Justícia i Pau, una organización por la promoción y defensa de los derechos humanos en todo el mundo y de la que desde 2001 es presidente. Conocido por su labor divulgativa en economía política, análisis de las corporaciones y propuestas para el consumir responsable y sostenible, es también especialista en las relaciones económicas norte-sur, deuda externa y precio justo. Gran crítico del sistema capitalista liberal contemporáneo, con su participación activa en el movimiento 15M —en su representación en la acampada de Plaza Catalunya en Barcelona en 2011— sus ideas y discurso se dieron a conocer aún más. Su condición de activista empieza con las luchas estudiantiles contra la dictadura de Franco en los 60 y se consolida con los movimientos antiglobalización y con su defensa de las teorías del decrecimiento. Participó también en la creación del Foro Social Mundial en Porto Alegre y del movimiento de los indignados 15M. Actualmente continúa con su actividad como docente en la UAB y como pensador y divulgador que transforma la economía en política, la política en sociedad y la sociedad en humanidad y justicia.'The future has to be, as they say in Latin America, the good life' —Arcadi Oliveres is a Catalan economist and UAB university professor and an active participant in social movements since his youth. Also is a recognized activist in Justice and Peace, an organization for the promotion and defense of human rights around the world. In this organitzation is the president since 2001. He is known for his divulgative work about political economy, corporate analysis and proposals for responsible and sustainable consumption. Also specializes in North-South relations in international economics, foreign debt and fair price. Great critic of contemporary liberal capitalist system, with its active participation in the 15M movement —in its representation in the camp of Plaça Catalunya in Barcelona 2011— his speech became more known. His activism began in his youth with the student movement against the dictatorship of Franco in the 60s, it was consolidated with the anti-globalization movements and their theoretical conceptualizations and defense theories of degrowth. He also participated in the creation of the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre and the Indignados movement (15M). Continues its activities as a teacher at UAB, and activist, thinker and promotor, we hope that his work will not cease, and leave us for many years, this light provided by this economist, where the economy is transformed into politics, politics into society, and society in humanity and justice." 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