06/05/2013

The smart island

El Hierro, the island farthest from the Iberian Peninsula and the smallest of the Canary Islands, is a quiet place. Only the wind disturbs some peace that reigns in this land.

For that wind, El Hierro is a leader in the renewable energy sector thanks to Hydroeolic Park, infrastructure that will provide the energy demanded for the entire population in 2015. The main problem with renewables today is that its energy can not be stored. This park combines the power of wind and water, so that if the energy provided by its five powerful turbines decreased by lack of wind, the two large reservoirs that complete the installation solved the problem.

The energy produced by this plant also can feed in the near future for electric cars, wich the government of the island wants to be the only running on their roads. This energy self-sufficiency can be the first step of an exportable model.

El-Hierro-isla
El Hierro is the most remote Spanish island in Spain—Image Unknown Author

The island has also been privileged destination and preferred by many for diving and hiking in an almost solitary. For others it was almost unknown, but recent submarine eruptions of one of the volcanoes that surround the island, and especially something alarmists information media, have put it on the map. They have also made the most selective tourism enjoyed by the islanders down considerably.

To recoup their losses and boost the economy of El Hierro, the Spanish Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism and the Chapter of the island have launched a Special Actions Program, whose first initiative has been to provide the island with a free and public Wi-Fi network.

It has been placed 26 connection points outdoors, respecting the natural environment, and using infrastructure already available, because most of the territory is protected area, Biosphere Reserve. Moreover, according to the authorities, this network will also carry out surveillance in the woods, which could prevent fires.

This Wi-Fi could be just a curiosity, but is the first step to turn El Hierro in an example of sustainability: that is, achieving economic development without outside help and without the loss of existing resources.

The main goal is to attract tourists, but those looking for sustainable tourism, benefiting the environment and respect it. Tourism is the main economic engine of the country, and from now will be ecological, technological, geological and volcanic.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1711 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2483) ["post_author"]=> string(3) "420" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-11 00:04:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-10 22:04:43" ["post_content"]=> string(4614) "¿A qué nos referimos cuando hablamos de construcción 'verde' o 'sostenible'? Quizá el término correcto sea bioconstrucción, o por lo menos es el que emplean los arquitectos españoles para referirse a una estructura, de cualquier tipo, que es eficiente en los recursos que emplea, saludable y productiva para sus ocupantes, maximiza el retorno sobre la inversión en su ciclo de vida y, a través de su eficiencia, produce una huella ligera en el planeta. Los edificios convencionales consumen el 40% de nuestra energía, contribuyen con el 30% de los residuos que van a parar a nuestros vertederos, consumen también el 30% de nuestras materias primas y el 25% de nuestra agua. Así que parece bastante sensato intentar que las tendencias arquitectónicas estén orientadas hacia este modo de trabajar. Cualquier construcción puede ser sostenible. Lo esencial es pensar y diseñar el proyecto como verde o sostenible desde el principio, como propone el Consejo Constructor Verde, un organismo que, como el Consejo de Edificios Verdes o la Asociación Española de Bioconstrucción, abogan por esta forma de arquitectura. W_symbiocity No sólo edificios concretos, sino barrios e incluso ciudades enteras se han creado basándose en la sostenibilidad. Es el caso de Symbio City, un conjunto de casas al sur de Estocolmo, en Suecia, primer ejemplo de urbanización entendida como un todo. No está pensada como algo ostentoso, sino confortable y armónico. En sus pocos años de existencia, ha reducido en un 50% su impacto medioambiental, gracias al aprovechamiento de las fuentes de energía natural con paneles solares, molinos de viento y agua de lluvia. Además, la basura orgánica es tratada para producir biosólidos, y el 80% de los desplazamientos se realizan a pie, en bicicleta o en transporte público. Este sistema sueco ha sido ya implantado en varios lugares del mundo, como en varias ciudades de China, Canadá, Irlanda, Rusia, Sudáfrica, India, Reino Unido o Francia.What do we mean by 'green' or 'sustainable' building? Perhaps, the proper term is bioconstruction, or at least is what Spanish architects used to refer to a structure of any kind, which is efficient with the resources it uses, healthy and productive for its occupants, maximizes the return on investment in its life cycle and, through its efficiency, produced a light footprint on the planet. Conventional buildings consume 40% of our energy, contributing 30% of waste that goes to our landfills, consuming also 30% of our raw materials and 25% of our water. So it seems rather sensible to try that architectonic trends point in that direction. Any construction can be sustainable. The essential is to think and design the project as green or sustainable from the beginning as proposed by Green Builders Council, an organism that, as the Green Building Council or the Spanish Association of Bioconstruction, advocates for the type of architecture. W_symbiocity Not only specific buildings, but neighborhoods and even etire cities have been created based on sustainability. It’s the case of Symbio City, a group of houses south of Stockholm, Sweden, first example of urbanization understand as a whole. It’s not intended as something flashy but comfortable and harmonious. In it few years of existence, it has reduced by 50% their environmental impact through the use of natural energy sources with solar panels, windmills and rain water. In addition, organic waste is treated to produce biosolids and 80% of journeys are made by foot, bike or public transport. The Swedish system has been implanted in many places around the world, as in several cities in China, Canada, Ireland, Russia, South Africa, India, United Kingdom or France." ["post_title"]=> string(67) "Edificios verdesGreen buildings" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(15) "green-buildings" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:37:25" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 14:37:25" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2483" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "4" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1700 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2877) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-02 00:02:47" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-01 22:02:47" ["post_content"]=> string(1925) "Muchos científicos, entre ellos el físico y cosmólogo británico Stephen Hawking y el ya fallecido astrónomo y astrofísico estadounidense Carl Sagan, llevan largo tiempo advirtiendo de que será muy difícil evitar un desastre en la Tierra en los próximos siglos o incluso años, de modo que es muy posible que el futuro de la raza humana deba transcurrir en algún lugar del espacio. Hawking piensa que la Humanidad 'no debería poner todos los huevos en la misma cesta o en el mismo planeta' y apoya sin vacilación la investigación seria de la vida fuera del nuestro, mientras que Sagan sostenía que los humanos terminarán sin duda por conquistar otros lugares para vivir que ahora no podemos ni siquiera imaginar, aunque también que esos humanos serán muy diferentes a nosotros. En este vídeo lo explica con sus propias palabras.Many scientists, including British physicist and cosmologist Stephen Hawking and the late American astronomer and astrophysicist Carl Sagan, have long been warning that it will be very difficult to avoid a disaster on Earth in the coming centuries or even years, so it is quite possible that the future of the human race must pass somewhere in the space. Hawking thinks humanity 'should not put all your eggs in one basket, or on the same planet' and without hesitation supports serious research of life outside of our own, while Sagan argued that humans will eventually —doubtless— conquer elsewhere to live that we can not even imagine now, but also that those humans are very different from us. In this video he explains it in his own words." ["post_title"]=> string(99) "¿Viviremos siempre en la Tierra?Will we live forever on Earth?" 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No es que tal insensatez sea un fenómeno muy común entre los visitantes de la reserva, pero creo que en algún grado la desconexión general del ser humano con el medio biológico en el cual ha evolucionado le ha hecho perder un saber instintivo cuyo vacío ha sido ocupado por una estúpida visión paternalista hacia la naturaleza. Hasta los documentales emitidos por televisión sobre los animales tienen que montarse describiendo un pequeño argumento con final feliz para el destino del animal, que no hieran el bienestar moral del espectador. W_deleonesyhombres Da qué pensar esta poca identificación entre el hombre y la naturaleza. En Girona, alguien que sufrió una fuerte indigestión denunció al ayuntamiento por dejar crecer en un parque público el tipo de setas no comestibles que ingirió. El ayuntamiento tuvo que erradicarlas de sus parques. La domesticación deliberada de la naturaleza por el hombre oculta que integramos un sistema orgánico en el que el buen funcionamiento de una de sus células se corresponde con el buen funcionamiento de células de distintas clases, que son las que permiten a ésta optimizar su potencial. Recíprocamente ésta es la que con su buen funcionamiento facilita a su alrededor que el sistema prosiga reproduciéndose con estabilidad. Nuestras especiales facultades no deberían pervertirse con la desconsideración hacia otras especies vivas, extinguiéndolas o 'humanizándolas', pues son éstas las que despiertan en nuestro cuerpo el saber instintivo y vegetativo sobre el que nuestra cognición debe asentarse para poder navegar hacia su plenitud. La perversión del sistema, o enfermedad, se evidencia cuando destruimos a nuestro alrededor las manifestaciones naturales de la vida que nos protegen psíquicamente del adormecimiento mental, del cual se aprovechan los mandatarios para infundirnos esta falsa seguridad institucional que llevó al pobre desgraciado a creer que podía fotografiar al animal salvaje 'respetuoso' con los turistas que han hecho el costoso viaje hasta ahí.Not long ago, I read shocked that a person died devoured by a lion in front of their family, who watched the show terrified in the same car that the person had abandoned for photographing the animal. This folly is not very common phenomenon among visitors to the reserve, but I think to some degree the general disconnect between human beings and the biological environment in which it has evolved, has made him lose an instinctive knowledge whose vacuum has been filled for a stupid paternalistic view toward nature. Even on television documentaries about animals must be mounted describing a small argument with happy fate for the animal, which does not hurt the moral well-being of the viewer. W_deleonesyhombres Invites reflection this little identification between man and nature. In Girona, someone who suffered severe indigestion denounced the council for letting grow into a public park inedible mushrooms. The council of City Hall had to eradicate its parks this mushrooms. The deliberate domestication of nature by humans, hides that integrate an organic system in which the proper functioning of your cells corresponds to the proper functioning of cells of different types, which are those that allow it to optimize its potential. Reciprocally with their efficient operation, facilitates around the system continues playing with stability. Our special faculties should not be perverted with disregard the other species, extinguishing or humanizing species, because they are the responsible of awaken in our body the knowledge of our instinctive and vegetative body, the place where our cognition needs settle to sail to fullness. The perversion of the system, or disease, is evident when we destroy around our natural manifestations of life that protect us psychically mental numbness, which the rulers exploit to infuse this false institutional security that led to the unfortunate man to believe that he could photograph the wild animal 'friendly' with tourists who have made the expensive trip up there." ["post_title"]=> string(71) "De leones y hombresOf lions and men" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(16) "of-lions-and-men" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:01:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:01:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6973" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1871 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2256) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-04 00:03:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-03 22:03:43" ["post_content"]=> string(1342) "'El futuro será sostenible o no será'. Experto en sostenibilidad energética y crecimiento económico, Marcel Coderch es ingeniero de telecomunicaciones por la Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya y doctor en ingeniería eléctrica y ciencias informáticas por el MIT —Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts—. Actualmente es profesor en la Universidad Politécnica de Catalunya y en la Barcelona Graduate School of Economics, y desde el año 2006 vicepresidente de la Comisión Nacional del Mercado de Telecomunicaciones, organismo público e independiente que regula los mercados españoles de comunicaciones electrónicas y de servicios audiovisuales.'The future will be sustainable or it won’t be'. Energy sustainability and economic growth expert, Marcel Coderch is a Telecommunications Engineer from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC) and PhD in electrical engineering and computer science from MIT —Massachussetts Institute of Technology—. He currently teaches at the Polytechnic University of Catalonia and the Barcelona Graduate School of Economics, and since 2006 vice president of the CMT —National Commission of the Telecommunications Market—, an independent public agency which regulates the Spanish markets for electronic communications and audiovisual services." 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