30/09/2013

This is not a pipe

In order to analyze how we humans can adapt our views to the group to which we belong, the American psychologist Solomon Asch, a pioneer in social psychology, conducted in 1951 a series of experiments showing how an individual is capable of change his mind because of social pressure and, the more surprising, do it voluntarily and denying the evidence.

The researchers asked some students to participate in an ‘visual perception test’ on you had to compare the length of a number of lines printed on a paper. All participants were in cahoots except one, and in fact the real experiment was to see his reaction to the behavior of others as a group.

The experiment was repeated with 123 different protagonists and the results revealed that if the answers of his partners were correct, the subject failed only 1% of the time, whereas if they chose the wrong answer unanimously, the individual was swayed by the overwhelmingly majority in almost 37% of cases, even being aware that his choice did not fit with the reality he was watching.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1722 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(1625) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-18 00:04:00" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-17 22:04:00" ["post_content"]=> string(3917) "Como todo el mundo sabe, y el que no que tire la primera piedra, las decisiones de mayor trascendencia conllevan tantas variables racionales que a menudo las personas nos sentimos bloqueadas y dejamos de pensar en ellas. Un estudio realizado por psicólogos holandeses, publicado en la revista Science en el año 2006, sostiene que esa puede ser una buena estrategia, porque la parte subconsciente del cerebro es capaz de inducirnos a tomar decisiones tan o más acertadas que la consciente. W_subconsciente
La hipótesis de la deliberación sin atención fue confirmada en cuatro estudios posteriores —Foto A&
Contrariamente a lo que se cree y según las conclusiones del estudio, no siempre es buena idea enzarzarse en profundas deliberaciones antes de tomar una decisión. Basándose en datos contrastados en investigaciones anteriores sobre las características del pensamiento consciente e inconsciente, el equipo de psicólogos liderado por Ap Dijksterhuis testó la hipótesis de que las decisiones sencillas —como escoger con qué toalla secarse o mesa en un restaurante— efectivamente resultan mejor después de un proceso consciente, pero las decisiones sobre temas importantes, temas que nos importan realmente —como escoger una casa o cambiar de trabajo—, son mejor resueltas a través de un proceso inconsciente. Conocida como la hipótesis de la deliberación sin atención, fue confirmada en cuatro estudios posteriores: con el paso del tiempo, las decisiones tomadas sobre asuntos complejos fueron más satisfactorias para las personas que las habían tomado en ausencia de deliberación consciente, es decir, sin pensar.As everyone knows, and cast the first stone who doesn’t, the most significant decisions involve so many rational variables, that people often feel blocked and stop thinking about them. A study carried out by Dutch psychologists, published in 2006 by Science magazine, argues that it can be a good strategy because the brain’s subconscious part is able to lead us to make as or more successful decisions as the conscious one. W_subconsciente
The hypothesis of deliberation without attention was confirmed in four subsequent studies —Photo A&
Opposed to what is thought and according to the study’s summary, it is not always a good idea to engage in thoughtful discussions before making a decision. Based on evidence about the characteristics of conscious and subconscious thoughts, the psychologists team lead by Ap Dijksterhuis tested the hypothesis that simple choices —like choosing a towel or a table in a restaurant— are actually better after a conscious process, but decision on important issues, that do really matter to us —like buying a house or changing jobs— are better revolved through a subconscious process. Known as the hypothesis of deliberation without attention, it was confirmed ver four different studies: over the time, decision on complex issues where more satisfying for people who had taken in the absence of conscious deliberation, without thinking." ["post_title"]=> string(115) "El subconsciente hace bien su trabajoSubconscious does its job in the right way" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(42) "subconscious-does-its-job-in-the-right-way" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 14:44:46" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-06-13 12:44:46" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=1625" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "1" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1719 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2230) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-09-03 00:01:46" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-09-02 22:01:46" ["post_content"]=> string(725) "Un experimento realizado a mediados del año 2011 por la organización Acción contra el Hambre mostró que el instinto de compartir está en la naturaleza humana. Mientras tanto, en un mundo que tiene capacidad para alimentar al doble de su población, 55 millones de niños sufren desnutrición aguda y 3,5 millones mueren de hambre cada año.An experiment conducted in 2011 by the Spanish organization Acción contra el Hambre (Action Against Hunger) showed that the instinct to share is in human nature. Meanwhile, in a world that has the capacity to feed twice its population, 55 million children suffer acute malnutrition and 3,5 million die of hunger every year. " ["post_title"]=> string(74) "Compartir humanum estTo share is human" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(21) "compartir-humanum-est" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 14:29:20" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 12:29:20" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2230" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1724 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4075) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-03-04 00:02:43" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-03-03 23:02:43" ["post_content"]=> string(3483) "Viktor Frankl fue un neurólogo y psiquiatra austríaco. Sobrevivió desde 1942 hasta 1945 en varios campos de concentración nazis, incluidos Auschwitz y Dachau, y a partir de esa experiencia escribió el libro 'El hombre en busca de sentido', en el que describe la vida del prisionero de un campo de concentración desde la perspectiva de un psiquiatra y expone que, incluso en las condiciones más extremas de deshumanización y sufrimiento, el hombre puede encontrar una razón para vivir basada en su dimensión espiritual. Esta reflexión le sirvió para confirmar y terminar de desarrollar la logoterapia, una psicoterapia que propone que la voluntad de sentido es la motivación primaria del ser humano y que es considerada la tercera escuela vienesa de psicología, después del psicoanálisis de Freud y de la psicología individual de Adler. Siendo muy joven, Frankl había mantenido relación epistolar con Freud, quien le publicó algunos de sus escritos, pero muy pronto abandonó la escuela psicoanalítica y se orientó hacia la psicología individual de Adler, que también terminaría abandonando por diferencias doctrinales. Publicó más de 30 libros, traducidos a numerosos idiomas, impartió cursos y conferencias por todo el mundo y recibió 29 doctorados honoris causa por varias universidades, entre ellos uno de la Universidad Francisco Marroquín de Guatemala, institución que también le honró con la clínica de psicología que lleva su nombre. En esta entrevista explica su visión sobre las relaciones entre conceptos como libertad, circunstancias, responsabilidad o actitud.Viktor Frankl was an Austrian neurologist and psychiatrist. He survived from 1942 to 1945 in several Nazi concentration camps, including Auschwitz and Dachau, and from that experience he wrote the book 'Man's search for meaning', which describes the life of the prisoner of a concentration camp from the perspective of a psychiatrist and explains that, even in the most extreme conditions of dehumanization and suffering, man can find a reason to live based on their spiritual dimension. This reflection served to confirm and finalize the development of speech therapy, psychotherapy that proposes that the will to meaning is the primary motivation of human beings and that is considered the third Viennese school of psychology after Freud's psychoanalysis and individual psychology of Adler. Being very young, Frankl had maintained correspondence with Freud, who published some of his writings, but soon abandoned the psychoanalytic school and oriented towards the individual psychology of Adler, who also end up abandoning because of doctrinal differences. He published more than 30 books, translated into many languages​​, taught courses and lectured around the world and received 29 honorary doctorates from several universities, including one from Universidad Francisco Marroquín in Guatemala, an institution that also honored him with the psychology clinic that bears his name. In this interview he explains his views on the relations between concepts like freedom, circumstances, responsibility or attitude." ["post_title"]=> string(88) "Libertad y responsabilidadFreedom and responsibility" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(26) "libertad-y-responsabilidad" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-01 01:31:41" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-01 00:31:41" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4075" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1828 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5830) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2044" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-03-31 00:01:19" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-03-30 22:01:19" ["post_content"]=> string(5869) "Decimos los humanos que aquello que nos distingue de otras especies es la consciencia: podemos percatarnos, darnos cuenta, en el sentido de arrojar luz sobre algo, de querer ver y mirar y cuestionarnos aquello que vemos. W_conscienciatransgresora
Lo que no vemos continúa funcionando y nos dirige —Imagen Unknown Author
La imagen del iceberg es interesante en ese sentido como metáfora: sólo una parte emerge del agua, lo consciente que se hace visible; mientras que lo inconsciente, que tiene una mayor masa, permanece debajo, oculto y sostiene lo visible. Aunque no lo veamos a simple vista, está. Esta imagen es una sugerente metáfora para mostrar cómo todo aquello que no vemos —y quizá no queremos ver— continúa funcionando y nos dirige. La película 'The Matrix' es una buena parábola para ilustrar qué ocurre cuando uno decide tomar conciencia: en un momento dado, Neo se encuentra ante la tesitura de tomar la pastilla roja o la azul. Morfeo le avisa que una vez se decida por una u otra, no hay vuelta atrás. Opta por tomar la roja. En una escena posterior, Morfeo le muestra la realidad del mundo de las máquinas y le dice la famosa frase 'Bienvenido al desierto de lo real'. Y Neo, ante el desierto de lo real, desearía volver hacia atrás y tomar la azul. Que por cierto, es lo que ocurre en 'Un mundo feliz de Aldous Huxley, donde se nos muestra una sociedad medicada para evadirse. Nos agrade o no, la especie humana tenemos esta capacidad de tomar consciencia —y recordar— sobre nuestra manera de ser, hacer y actuar. El uso que hagamos de esa consciencia nos puede llevar de un estado de zombificación —en el que apenas nos planteamos algo sobre nuestras vidas y nos damos el papel de víctimas de las circunstancias— a un uso activo de la consciencia, en el que podamos cuestionarnos la vida que estamos llevando, nuestras necesidades reales, nuestros deseos y esperanzas, y eso nos puede llevar a tomar decisiones. Pasamos de una vida que nos ocurre a una vida que lideramos, por utilizar una palabra de moda. Es en este sentido que hablo de consciencia transgresora. Del latín transgredior, ir (gradior) más allá (trans), atravesar, sobrepasar. Creemos que las revoluciones son sólo externas, cuando también pueden ser internas, y probablemente empiecen en ese terreno. Podemos poner en funcionamiento nuestra consciencia y empezar a decidir en nuestras vidas, aunque también tenemos la opción de no ponerla en funcionamiento y acomodarnos en el 'esto es lo que hay'.We humans say what distinguishes us from other species is awareness: we can realize, in the sense of shed light on something, wanting to watch and question what we see. W_conscienciatransgresora
What we do not see continues working and directs us —Image Unknown Author
The image of the iceberg is interesting in that sense as metaphor: only a part emerges of the water, the conscious part that becomes visible, while the unconscious one, which has a greater mass, stays hidden and holds the visible. Although you do not see it with the naked eye, exists. This image is a suggestive metaphor to show how everything that we don't see —and perhaps we don't want to see— continues operating and directing us. The movie 'The Matrix' is a good parable to illustrate what happens when one decides to take consciousness: at any given moment, Neo is confronted with the question of taking the red pill or the blue. Morpheus warns that once you decide on one or the other, there is no turning back. Chooses to take the red. In a later scene, Morpheus shows him the reality of the world of machines and says the famous phrase 'Welcome to the desert of the real'. And Neo, in front of the desert of the real, would want go back and take the blue. Which by the way, is what happens in 'Brave New World' by Aldous Huxley, where we are shown a medicated society in order to escape. Whether we like it or not, the human species have this ability to become aware —and remember— our way of being, doing and acting. Our use of that consciousness can lead us from a state of zombification —in which we just propose something about our lives and we see ourselves as victims of circumstances— to an active use of awareness in which we can question ourselves the life we are living, our real needs, desires and hopes, and that can lead us to make decisions. We went from a life that happens to us a life we lead, to use a buzzword. It is in this sense that I speak of transgressive awareness. Transgredior from Latin, to go (gradior) beyond (trans), to cross, to exceed. We believe that revolutions are only external, when they can also be internal, and probably starting in this field. We can start our consciousness and begin to decide in our lives, but we also have the option not to run and settling into the 'this is what you get'." ["post_title"]=> string(83) "Consciencia transgresoraTransgressive awareness" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "transgressive-awareness" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:12:32" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:12:32" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5830" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }