31/03/2014

Transgressive awareness

We humans say what distinguishes us from other species is awareness: we can realize, in the sense of shed light on something, wanting to watch and question what we see.

W_conscienciatransgresora
What we do not see continues working and directs us —Image Unknown Author

The image of the iceberg is interesting in that sense as metaphor: only a part emerges of the water, the conscious part that becomes visible, while the unconscious one, which has a greater mass, stays hidden and holds the visible. Although you do not see it with the naked eye, exists. This image is a suggestive metaphor to show how everything that we don’t see —and perhaps we don’t want to see— continues operating and directing us.

The movie ‘The Matrix’ is a good parable to illustrate what happens when one decides to take consciousness: at any given moment, Neo is confronted with the question of taking the red pill or the blue. Morpheus warns that once you decide on one or the other, there is no turning back. Chooses to take the red. In a later scene, Morpheus shows him the reality of the world of machines and says the famous phrase ‘Welcome to the desert of the real’. And Neo, in front of the desert of the real, would want go back and take the blue. Which by the way, is what happens in ‘Brave New World’ by Aldous Huxley, where we are shown a medicated society in order to escape.

Whether we like it or not, the human species have this ability to become aware —and remember— our way of being, doing and acting. Our use of that consciousness can lead us from a state of zombification —in which we just propose something about our lives and we see ourselves as victims of circumstances— to an active use of awareness in which we can question ourselves the life we are living, our real needs, desires and hopes, and that can lead us to make decisions. We went from a life that happens to us a life we lead, to use a buzzword.

It is in this sense that I speak of transgressive awareness. Transgredior from Latin, to go (gradior) beyond (trans), to cross, to exceed. We believe that revolutions are only external, when they can also be internal, and probably starting in this field. We can start our consciousness and begin to decide in our lives, but we also have the option not to run and settling into the ‘this is what you get’.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1718 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5776) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-06-09 15:34:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-06-09 13:34:20" ["post_content"]=> string(2969) "Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Ronald Reagan y Margaret Tatcher. Crisis económica, crisis moral, incluso estafa. Se han escrito ríos de tinta sobre las causas y características de la crisis que azota al mundo occidental, y en realidad sobre cualquier crisis: Carl Gustav Jung, el famoso psiquiatra suizo, llegó a afirmar que 'toda crisis es una fractura en el inconsciente colectivo de la especie que permite la emergencia de un nuevo paradigma de consciencia'. Álex Rovira —escritor, economista y conferenciante— realiza una introducción sobre el tema que da paso a cinco mesas de debate —sobre economía, política, filosofía, tecnología y cultura— y plantea una pregunta: '¿Qué puede hacer cada uno de nosotros, por pequeño que sea, para mejorar la situación?'. W_meet2ambiente1W_meet2ambiente2
Encuentro en la Casa Amat de Barcelona. Los asistentes debían escoger el color de su entrada, lo que les serviría para agruparse por mesas temáticas en la segunda parte del evento —Imagen WHAT
Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Financial crisis, moral crisis, even scam. It has written extensively on the causes and characteristics of the crisis plaguing the Western world, and indeed on any crisis: Carl Gustav Jung, the famous Swiss psychiatrist, came to say that 'every crisis is a fracture in the collective unconscious of the species that allows the emergence of a new paradigm of awareness'. Alex Rovira —writer, economist and lecturer— performs an introduction on the subject that gives way to five roundtables —on economy, politics, philosophy, technology and culture— and raises a question: 'What can do each of us, no matter how small it may be, to improve the situation?'. W_meet2ambiente1W_meet2ambiente2
Meet at the Casa Amat in Barcelona. Attendees had to choose the color of their ticket, which would serve to group them by thematic tables in the second part of the event —Image WHAT
" ["post_title"]=> string(106) "WHAT A MEET: Lecciones de una crisisWHAT A MEET: Lessons from a crisis" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(33) "what-a-meet-lessons-from-a-crisis" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-06-01 12:58:25" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-06-01 10:58:25" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5776" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1716 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(296) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2046" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:16:56" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:16:56" ["post_content"]=> string(4605) "El poder de la sonrisa es tan grande que el solo hecho de esbozarla ya produce efectos beneficiosos. Richard Wiseman, catedrático de Comprensión Pública de la Psicología en la Universidad de Hertfordshire, en Reino Unido, nos recuerda en una entrevista concedida a Eduard Punset que 'cuando te obligas a sonreír, eso te anima, te hace sentir más feliz. Eso sí, hay que mantener la sonrisa en la cara durante unos 15 segundos, mantenerla ahí'. Un sencillo ejercicio: párate, respira suavemente y dirige la atención hacia tu cara. Comienza por la frente, date cuenta de las sensaciones que vienen de ella, nota si hay alguna tensión y relájala. Párate especialmente en las mandíbulas y la lengua, porque es muy común que las mantengamos contraídas y en tensión. Respira y suéltalas. Relaja la boca. Coloca suavemente y sin forzar la punta de la lengua sobre la encía superior, por detrás de tus dientes delanteros. Verás cómo se relajan automáticamente los labios y se esboza una suave sonrisa. La cara es una de las partes más sensibles de nuestro cuerpo. Hay en ella un conjunto de elementos muy diferentes entre sí que configuran nuestra tarjeta de presentación: ojos, boca, frente, cejas, mejillas, mentón... En algunas de estas partes —mandíbula y frente son puntos neurálgicos— se concentran muchas de nuestras tensiones habituales, sobre todo miedo y rabia. Por eso es importante darse cuenta de cómo tenemos la cara, saber qué dice de nosotros y tomar conciencia de ello, relajar sus músculos y comenzar así a cambiar nuestra actitud. Muchas personas de diferentes épocas y culturas se han referido a la extraordinaria singularidad de la sonrisa y a su capacidad para el tránsito del yo al tú. Según María Jesús Ribas 'la sonrisa no es simplemente la manifestación de un sentimiento interno de alegría, sintonía o bienestar; es una forma de expresión exclusiva de los seres humanos, y es también la parte más visible de una unión íntima entre dos mentes'. El Dalai Lama considera 'una sonrisa como algo único en un ser humano. Una sonrisa es también una poderosa comunicación. Una sonrisa sincera es la expresión perfecta del amor y la compasión humanas'. La Madre Teresa de Calcuta estaba convencida de que 'la paz empieza con una sonrisa', y el escritor ruso Leo Tolstoy llegó a asegurar que 'el niño reconoce a su madre por la sonrisa'.The power of smile is so big that only the fact of slightly doing it already produces beneficial effects. Richard Wiseman, a Public Understanding of Psychology professor in the University of Hertfordshire, in UK, remembers us in an interview with Eduard Punset that 'when you force yourself to smile, it encourages you, it makes you feel happier. This said, you have to keep your smile for 15 seconds, keep it there'. A simple exercise: stop, breathe gently and focus your attention on your face. Start with your forehead; be aware of the feelings that come from it, if there is any type of strain, relax it. Pay special attention to your jaws and tongue, because we tend to keep them strained. Breathe and relax them. Relax your mouth. Gently, put the tip of your tongue on your upper gum, behind your front teeth. You will see how you lips are immediately relaxed and you gently smile. Your face is one of the most sensible parts of your body. A set of various elements, each of them unique, forms your presentation card: eyes, mouth, forehead, eyebrows, cheeks... Fear and rage, some of our most common tensions, tend to gather around some of these parts —your jaw and forehead are neuralgic points—. This is the reason why it is important to know how your face is, what it says about one y be aware of it, relax our muscles and start to change our attitude. Many people from different times and cultures have referred to the smile’s extraordinary singularity and its ability to make the transition between one’s self to others. 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["post_title"]=> string(90) "El poder de una buena sonrisaThe power of a good smile" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(25) "the-power-of-a-good-smile" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-04 02:18:11" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-04 01:18:11" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(28) "http://whatonline.org/?p=296" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1720 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(1625) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-18 00:04:00" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-17 22:04:00" ["post_content"]=> string(3917) "Como todo el mundo sabe, y el que no que tire la primera piedra, las decisiones de mayor trascendencia conllevan tantas variables racionales que a menudo las personas nos sentimos bloqueadas y dejamos de pensar en ellas. 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La hipótesis de la deliberación sin atención fue confirmada en cuatro estudios posteriores —Foto A&
Contrariamente a lo que se cree y según las conclusiones del estudio, no siempre es buena idea enzarzarse en profundas deliberaciones antes de tomar una decisión. Basándose en datos contrastados en investigaciones anteriores sobre las características del pensamiento consciente e inconsciente, el equipo de psicólogos liderado por Ap Dijksterhuis testó la hipótesis de que las decisiones sencillas —como escoger con qué toalla secarse o mesa en un restaurante— efectivamente resultan mejor después de un proceso consciente, pero las decisiones sobre temas importantes, temas que nos importan realmente —como escoger una casa o cambiar de trabajo—, son mejor resueltas a través de un proceso inconsciente. Conocida como la hipótesis de la deliberación sin atención, fue confirmada en cuatro estudios posteriores: con el paso del tiempo, las decisiones tomadas sobre asuntos complejos fueron más satisfactorias para las personas que las habían tomado en ausencia de deliberación consciente, es decir, sin pensar.As everyone knows, and cast the first stone who doesn’t, the most significant decisions involve so many rational variables, that people often feel blocked and stop thinking about them. A study carried out by Dutch psychologists, published in 2006 by Science magazine, argues that it can be a good strategy because the brain’s subconscious part is able to lead us to make as or more successful decisions as the conscious one. W_subconsciente
The hypothesis of deliberation without attention was confirmed in four subsequent studies —Photo A&
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Estudió derecho en la Brooklyn Law School y se doctoró en medicina en la Universidad de Ginebra. Entró en contacto con Wilhelm Reich, uno de los primeros discípulos de Sigmund Freud, y estudió con él desde 1940 hasta 1952, año en el que empezó a dedicarse a la práctica profesional de la terapia psicocorporal. En 1956 fundó el International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis (Instituto internacional de análisis bioenergético), con el objetivo de garantizar la formación adecuada de los terapeutas. Bastante antes de conocer a Reich, Lowen ya se había sentido atraído por la relación existente entre cuerpo y mente, tema sobre el que había investigado con auténtico interés. Según afirmaba, dicho interés era debido a su propia experiencia con las actividades físicas deportivas y con la calistenia, una técnica gimnástica destinada al desarrollo de la musculatura. Durante los años 30 se dedicó a estudiar a fondo el método Eurythmics del compositor Émile Jaques-Dalcroze y la Relajación Muscular Progresiva de Jacobson. Todo ello afianzó su convicción de que el ser humano puede influir en el funcionamiento de su mente si trabaja su cuerpo de forma sistemática y con los métodos adecuados, como explica en este vídeo.Alexander Lowen was an American doctor, psychotherapist and professor, mostly famous for his studies about bioenergetics as a form of therapy. He studied Law at the Brooklyn Law School and obtained his PhD in Medicine at the University of Geneva. He got to meet Wilhelm Reich, one of Sigmund Freud’s first disciples, and studied with him from 1940 to 1952, year in which he started to dedicate himself to the professional practice of psychocorporal therapy. In 1956 he founded the International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis, aimed at guaranteeing the adequate training of therapists. 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