Are the great born or made?

This is one of the important questions that human beings have been thinking about since the begging of time. Who knows for what purpose, perhaps that of turning us all into potential geniuses. Would that be possible? Talking about the issue, one always thinks of Mozart, Einstein, Picasso and lately Bill Gates or Steve Jobs. How are we going to compare to them? It seems impossible.

And that is due, in part, to the many scientific researchs that have been carried out on the issue. Yes, it seems that with proper education, and in a favorable environment, everyone can develop incredible skills. But, can we talk about genius?

Most of the studies say that in order to speak about genius, something innate is needed in addition to study, work and determination. We will conclude then that the great are born and made even though the proportion of one and other it is majorly unbalanced to second. The documentary My big brain, produced by National Geographic, and in which the American Arthur Toga, Professor of Neurology at the University of California, collaborates, points in that direction.

However, there are some voices, which disagree with this opinions. In his book The genius in everyone, the writer, journalist and filmmaker David Shenk faces this prevailing determinism and denies what we call innate talent. Shenk tries to prove that environmental stimuli or our own nerves are able to activate or deactivate the influence of genes. Hence, our talent is defined by how we use the inheritance we have received, plus the interaction with the world around us.

We cannot explain why a three year old is capable of playing a melody by Beethoven, but we understand that a young woman, who was not born with a privileged intelligence, can become a chess teacher based on an outstanding education, discipline and training. That’s the point: to enhance and achieve what is in our hands, which depends on us. This requires commitment and some sacrifice. You only need to be willing to do so.

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array(2) { [0]=> int(901) [1]=> int(1) }
array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1645 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2593) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-18 00:03:03" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-17 22:03:03" ["post_content"]=> string(1553) "'Ha desaparecido de nuestro horizonte la idea de que el orden social del mundo podría ser otro'. Filósofo, catedrático de filosofía contemporánea en la Universidad de Barcelona y profesor visitante en numerosas universidades de México, Argentina, Uruguay, Cuba, Estados Unidos e Italia, es además director de la revista Barcelona Metrópolis y de varias colecciones de libros sobre filosofía y pensamiento: Pensamiento Herder —Herder—, Pensamiento contemporáneo, Biblioteca del presente y Biblioteca iberoamericana de ensayo —Paidós— o Filosofía hoy —Santillana—. También es colaborador habitual en revistas científicas especializadas y en periódicos como El País, La Vanguardia o El Periódico en España y La Nación y Clarín en Argentina.'It has disappeared from our horizon the idea that the social order of the world could be another'. Philosopher, professor of contemporary philosophy at the University of Barcelona and visiting professor at numerous universities in Mexico, Argentina, Uruguay, Cuba, United States and Italy, is also director of the Barcelona Metropolis magazine and several collections of books on philosophy and thought: Pensamiento Herder —Herder—, Pensamiento contemporáneo, Biblioteca del presente y Biblioteca iberoamericana de ensayo —Paidós— o Filosofía hoy —Santillana—. He is also a regular contributor to scientific journals and newspapers such as El País, La Vanguardia or El Periódico in Spain and La Nación and Clarín in Argentina." ["post_title"]=> string(110) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Manuel CruzWHAT ABOUT: The future by Manuel Cruz" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-manuel-cruz" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:59:57" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:59:57" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2593" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1643 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5421) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-11-25 00:01:57" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-11-24 23:01:57" ["post_content"]=> string(1994) "La fe es la confianza o creencia en algo o alguien. Puede definirse como la aceptación de un enunciado realizado por alguien con determinada autoridad, conocimiento o experiencia, o bien como la suposición de que algo reflexionado por uno mismo es correcto aunque falten pruebas para llegar a una certeza sobre ello. La fe y la confianza van de la mano, y las causas por las cuales las personas se convencen de la veracidad de algo aceptándolo por fe dependen de los principios filosóficos en los que se confía y de otros aspectos de tipo emocional o cultural. 'Ainda dá tempo' —Aún hay tiempo— es un proyecto de Colisão Filmes que pretende mostrar que, para conseguir un cambio, antes es necesario creer que es posible. El mundo es de todos y necesita de nuestra fe y optimismo para que el deseo de cambio se transforme en un cambio real, y eso precisa de una transformación interna: cambiando la manera de pensar cambiamos el modo de actuar, y actuando se cambia el mundo.Faith is confidence or belief in something or someone. Can be defined as the acceptance of a statement made ​​by someone with some authority, knowledge or experience, or as the assumption that something created by oneself is correct although there are not any proves to arrive at a certainty about that something. Faith goes hand in hand with trust, and the reasons why people are convinced of the truth of something by faith depend on the philosophical principles in which trust and other emotional or cultural aspects. 'Ainda dá tempo' —There is still time— is a project by Colisão Filmes aiming to make people realize that to make a change, we must first believe that it is possible. The world belongs to all of us and needs our faith and optimism so that our will to change becomes a real change, and this needs starting from within: by changing our way of thinking, we change our way of acting and by acting we change the world. " ["post_title"]=> string(76) "Imposible sin feImpossible without faith" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(24) "impossible-without-faith" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:12:31" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:12:31" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5421" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1647 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(924) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-28 00:03:56" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-27 22:03:56" ["post_content"]=> string(1406) "'El arte deberá ser tan importante en la educación como las matemáticas o la gramática, porque desarrolla nuestra capacidad emocional'. Dejó su puesto de director territorial en la caja de ahorros donde llevaba trabajando 30 años para embarcarse en un nuevo proyecto: Triodos Bank, banco holandés creado en 1980 cuyo objetivo principal es ayudar a construir una sociedad más humana y sostenible. El banco invierte en cooperación al desarrollo, tecnología aplicada al Medio Ambiente, comercio justo o empresas socialmente responsables, y nunca en tabaco, armas o energía nuclear, por ejemplo. Y Juan Antonio habla de cosas tan chocantes en boca de un banquero como amor, espiritualidad, arte o libertad.'The art should be as important as education, math or grammar, because it develops our emotional capacity'. He left his position as regional director in the savings bank where he had worked 30 years to embark on a new project: Triodos Bank, a Dutch bank created in 1980 whose main objective is to help build a more human and sustainable society. The bank invests in development cooperation, technology applied to the environment, fair trade and socially responsible companies, and never in snuff, weapons or nuclear energy, for example. And Juan Antonio speaks about things so shocking coming from a banker as love, spirituality, art or freedom." ["post_title"]=> string(124) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Juan Antonio MeléWHAT ABOUT: The future by Juan Antonio Melé" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(42) "what-about-the-future-by-juan-antonio-mele" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=924" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(2) "14" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1817 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2417) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-04 00:04:18" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-03 22:04:18" ["post_content"]=> string(5379) "En muchas partes del mundo, estar horas sentado frente al televisor se ha convertido en una de las principales actividades de la vida diaria. Los europeos emplean el 40% de su tiempo libre de cada día, unas tres horas, mirando la televisión; los australianos el 50%, cuatro horas, y los estadounidenses casi el 60%, aproximadamente cinco horas. Según el estudio realizado por un equipo de científicos de la Escuela de Salud Pública de la Universidad de Harvard, que analiza los resultados de ocho investigaciones en las que habían participado más de 175.000 personas, esta costumbre tan cotidiana y aparentemente inofensiva acarrea graves problemas físicos. Los resultados revelaron que quienes pasaban más de dos horas frente al aparato cada día tenían un mayor riesgo —20%— de diabetes tipo 2 y enfermedad cardiovascular —15%—, y aquellos que le dedicaban más de tres horas diarias mostraron un mayor riesgo —13%— de morir prematuramente. W_poltergeist
'Poltergeist', Tobe Hooper, 1982
El profesor Frank Hu, director del estudio, advierte que 'el problema no es la televisión en sí misma, sino que la gente que pasa horas mirando programas tiene menos oportunidad de llevar un estilo de vida activo y, como resultado, más probabilidades de tener sobrepeso o ser obeso'. En cuanto a lo psicológico, el estudio de la Universidad de Otago, en Nueva Zelanda, sobre los efectos a largo plazo del abuso de la televisión, publicado en la revista Pediatrics, indica que los niños que la ven menos de dos horas al día no aumentan su riesgo de sufrir trastornos de atención en la adolescencia, pero a partir de la tercera hora el riesgo se incrementa en un 44% por cada hora adicional transcurrida. Estudios anteriores al neozelandés ya habían detectado que ver desmesuradamente la televisión en la infancia conlleva problemas de déficit de atención, mientras los niños aún cursan Primaria. Pero ningún gran estudio había analizado si estos problemas perduran hasta la adolescencia, y ahora se sabe que los efectos de la televisión sobre la capacidad de atención son duraderos. Los investigadores alertan contra la costumbre de algunas familias de encenderla para que los niños estén tranquilos y recomiendan tratar de reducir las horas que se le dedican. Mientras tanto, un estudio del CIS —Centro de Investigaciones Sociológicas, España— asegura que los niños españoles de entre 4 y 12 años pasan al año prácticamente las mismas horas delante del televisor que en el colegio.In many parts of the world, spending hours sitting in front of the television has become one of the main activities of daily life. Europeans employ 40% of their free time every day, about three hours, watching television; Australians 50%, about four hours and Americans almost 60%, approximately five hours. According to the study conducted by a scientific team from the School of Public Health from Harvard University, which analyzes the results from 8 investigations that involved more than 175.000 people, this so common and seemingly harmless habit carries serious physical problems. Results revealed that those who spent more than two hours each day in front of the TV had a higher risk of suffering type 2 diabetes —20%— and cardiovascular disease —15%—, and those who spent more than three hours showed a higher risk of dying prematurely —13%—. W_poltergeist
'Poltergeist', Tobe Hooper, 1982
Professor Frank Hu, the study’s director, warns that 'the problem is not television per se, but the people who spend hours watching programs have less opportunity to take an active lifestyle and as a result are more likely to have overweight or be obese'. Regarding the psychological side, the University of Otago's, in New Zealand, study on long-term effects of television abuse, published in Pediatrics journal, shows that children who watch less than two hours a day do not increase their risk of attention disorders during their adolescence but from the third hour, the risk increases 44% for each hour elapsed. Previous studies to the latter had already detected that watching television inmeasurably during childhood leads to attention deficit problems, while children are still in elementary school. However, no big study had analyzed before whether these problems persist until adolescence, and now it is known that television has long-lasting effects on attention capacity. Researchers warm against the habit that many families have of turning it on so kids remain quiet and recommend trying to reduce the hours devoted to it. Meanwhile, a CIS's —Spain Social Research Center— study assures that Spanish children between 4 and 12 years old spent in front of the television, around 960 hours per year, virtually the same amount as in school." ["post_title"]=> string(82) "¿Puede una caja ser tonta?Can a box be idiot?" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(18) "can-a-box-be-idiot" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:26:41" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:26:41" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2417" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }