02/09/2013

Cities are thought and done

‘Today’s cities consume 75% of global energy and thus contribute to 75% of CO2 emissions. To this we must add that within 40 years three quarters of the world population will live in cities and will consume much more energy. And a small environmental footprint reduction and energy of the city has a large impact on the planet. The challenge in the future will be how to handle the demographics. The architecture is not the only problem, how to relate to mobility architecture and how to create a human environment by designing will be the real challenge’.

These are some of the questions raised in ‘Urbanized’ (Gary Hustwit, 2011), a documentary that shows a global discussion on the future of cities, focusing on the organization and structure of the elements that compose it, the problems to solve and the strategies used in urban design through the exploration of various projects in cities such as Stuttgart, Brasilia, Barcelona, Copenhagen and Santiago de Chile, as well as Mumbai, New Orleans, Cape Town or Bogota.

The film captures the point of view of town planners, architects, politicians or ideologues that examine current challenges of our cities in relation to mobility, the need for housing, the provision of basic services, the articulation of public spaces or environmental policies, all universal concerns that are shaping urban relations in our cities and often are accepted out of the public, even occasionally outside of the citizen interests.

Throughout the documentary, Gary Hustwit shows how cities are thought and done, that behind the design is not only aesthetics but there can be philosophical questions that come to establish different models of life and that there are small actions that cause a change that can become a large transformation. He also allows make some predictions that might be fulfilled: ‘The organization of our society, how we move, how we consume, how things are packaged, everything will be completely different in 40 years. On the other hand, in Asia and Africa there will be new cities to implement these new ideas on sustainability and urbanism. That will completely change our concept of the cities. Primarily as a species, we humans need things to awaken our imagination, to inspire us. And things that move the cities will not be the bricks and pipes, will be the ideas’.

‘Urbanized’ is the third part of the trilogy about design that began with ‘Helvetica’ (2007), which analyzes the world of graphic design, its presence in the urban landscape and the visual culture it has generated over the years, and continues with ‘Objectified’ (2009), which addresses the industrial design, investigating the relationship between design, sustainability, consumption and identity.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1644 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2683) ["post_author"]=> string(3) "420" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-06-25 00:02:47" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-06-24 22:02:47" ["post_content"]=> string(3490) "No es nada nuevo: algunos de los más antiguos edificios del mundo están construidos con tierra. Se estima que la mitad de la población mundial vive en casas hechas con este material. Es 100% ecológico, no es ni manufacturado ni transportado. Un muro hecho de tierra se mantiene fresco en verano y mantiene el calor en invierno. Cuando el edificio es demolido, la tierra vuelve al suelo y se recicla indefinidamente. Se está convirtiendo en el material predilecto por muchos arquitectos, debido a sus cualidades estéticas y ecológicas. Los sectores industriales lo ven con buenos ojos, por su carácter sostenible. Evidentemente, no todo tipo de tierra vale para construir casas. La del suelo de un bosque, por ejemplo, no serviría, porque contiene demasiados elementos orgánicos —de ahí su color negro—. Y la tierra que pueda valer necesita un proceso de compactación; habría que añadirle en ese proceso, entre otras cosas y por simplificarlo un poco, algo de arena, ya que ésta evitará que los muros hechos de tierra se resquebrajen. Existen ya varias técnicas de construcción con tierra, como el barro apilado o el adobe, pero hay que conseguir una mayor resistencia como material de construcción de futuro, evitando que la lluvia intensa, la nieve copiosa o el fuerte viento puedan dañar los edificios. Actualmente, las investigaciones ponen sus esfuerzos en conseguir que sea más resistente para que llegue a ser un material moderno y competitivo. Para conseguir que sea una alternativa real a otros materiales como el cemento es necesario difundir sus beneficios en los círculos adecuados, y minimizar o eliminar sus desventajas, que aún las tiene. Así, la tierra pasará a formar parte de los materiales de construcción del mañana... en todo el planeta. Probablemente, todos saldremos ganando con el cambio.It's nothing new: some of the oldest buildings in the Earth are built with soil. It is estimated that half of the world population lives in houses made with this material. It's 100% organic, is neither manufactured nor transported. A wall made ​​of soil stays cool in summer and keep warm in winter. When the building is demolished, returns to earth ground and recycled indefinitely. It is becoming the favorite material for many architects, because of their aesthetic and ecological qualities. The industrial sectors look favorably, for its sustainability. Obviously, not all soil can be used to build houses. The soil of a forest, for example, would not, because it contains too many organic elements —so its color is black—. And if used needs a compaction process, would be added in the process, among other things and simplify it a bit, some sand, because it will prevent the walls made ​​of earth is cracking. There are already several earth building techniques like adobe or mud stacking, but we must achieve greater strength as a building material of the future, avoiding the heavy rain, heavy snow and strong winds can damage buildings. Currently, the research is trying to make it more resistant to become a modern and competitive materials. To get to be a real alternative to other materials such as cement is necessary to spread its benefits in the right circles, and minimize or eliminate their disadvantages, which still has them. Thus, the land will become part of the construction materials of tomorrow... worldwide. Probably all of us will win with the change." ["post_title"]=> string(102) "La arquitectura, la tierra y la TierraArchitecture, soil and Earth" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "architecture-soil-and-earth" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-02 21:42:11" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-02 19:42:11" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=2683" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1640 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(986) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-05-18 00:01:16" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-05-17 22:01:16" ["post_content"]=> string(2108) "'Creo que vale la pena preocuparse por el futuro, porque si no se preocupan otros y es peor'. La actividad profesional de Juli Capella se centra en los campos del diseño, la arquitectura y el urbanismo. Fue director fundador de las revistas De Diseño y Ardi, así como director de la sección de diseño de la revista Domus. Es autor de libros como 'Nuevo diseño español' o 'Arquitecturas diminutas'. Comisario de diversas exposiciones tanto nacionales como internacionales como 'A la Castiglioni', 'Arquitectura en Catalunya', 'Diseño industrial en España' o '300% Spanish Design'. Escribe habitualmente sobre diseño y arquitectura en El Periódico de Catalunya. Entre sus obras de arquitectura destacan los centros de ocio Zig Zag en Murcia, Heron City en Barcelona y los hoteles Omm y Diagonal Barcelona, también en la ciudad condal. Fue presidente del FAD —Fomento de las Artes y el Diseño— entre 2001 y 2005, y promotor del Año del Diseño 2003. Actualmente dirige en Barcelona el estudio Capella García Arquitectura.'I think it's worth worrying about the future, because if not, others do and it’s worse'. Juli Capella has focused his career on the paths of design, architecture and urbanism. He was the founding director of De Diseño and Ardi magazines and directed the design section of Domus magazine. He is the author of several books such as 'Spanish New Design' or 'Tiny Architectures', curator of several exhibitions, both nationally and internationally, like 'A la Castiglioni', 'Architecture in Catalonia', 'Industrial Design in Spain' or '300% Spanish Design'. He writes regularly about design and architecture in El Periódico de Catalunya. His architectural works include Zig Zag leisure centre in Murcia, Heron City in Barcelona and the Omm and Diagonal Barcelona hotels, also in Barcelona. He was the president for FAD —Fostering Arts and Design— between 2001 and 2005 and promoter of the Year of Design 2003. He currently directs in Barcelona the Capella García Arquitectura study." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Juli CapellaWHAT ABOUT: The future by Juli Capella" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(37) "what-about-the-future-by-juli-capella" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 18:03:51" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 16:03:51" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(28) "http://whatonline.org/?p=986" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1646 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(2837) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-07-02 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-07-01 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(1578) "'Lo que realmente me gustaría para el futuro es el cambio de la conciencia de la Humanidad'. Estudió arquitectura en el Istituto Universitario de Architettura di Venezia (IUAV), donde se graduó en 1989. Amplió sus estudios en Nueva York y al finalizar su tesis doctoral en 1989 se trasladó a Barcelona. En 1991 empieza a colaborar con Enric Miralles, con quien se asocia más tarde para formar el estudio Miralles Tagliabue EMBT. Su colaboración les llevó a colocar su estudio entre los estudios de arquitectura de mayor prestigio y proyección internacional. El taller de arquitectura se caracteriza por el equilibrio entre una estética fragmentada y convulsa y el respeto por la tradición del lugar, una idea que Miralles supo transmitir a Benedetta y que ésta ha seguido plasmando.'What I would really like for the future is a change in Humanity's consciousness'. She studied Architecture at the Istituto Universtario de Architettura di Venezia (IUAV), where she graduated in 1989. She extended her studies in New York and after finishing her PhD she moved to Barcelona. In 1991 she started to collaborate with Enric Miralles, with who she partnered later to create the studio Miralles Tagliabue EMBT. Their collaboration brought them to position their studio among the most internationally prestigious architecture studios. The Architecture is characterized by a fragmented and whooping aesthetics and respect for the place's tradition, an idea that Miralles succeeded in conveying to Benedetta and she has continued to shape." 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En 1950 ya representaban casi tres de cada diez, y en este comienzo del siglo XXI las personas que viven en ciudades son más numerosas que las que viven en el campo. Según el Instituto Nacional de Estudios Demográficos de Francia —INED—, la tasa de urbanización en el mundo franqueó el umbral del 50% en 2007 y la tendencia se acentuará en los próximos años, sobre todo en África y Asia, donde estarán localizadas en 2030 la mayoría de las grandes ciudades del planeta. En el encuentro se analiza el futuro de la ciudad como entorno. Rayda Guzmán —filosofía, Venezuela—, Andrés Martín Asuero —psicología, España— y Makoto Fukuda —arquitectura, Japón— enfocan el asunto desde el punto de vista de las humanidades, las ciencias y las artes, respectivamente. Y los asistentes participan del debate compartiendo mesa con cada uno de ellos para finalmente extraer unas conclusiones y disfrutar de un tentempié. W_meet1ambiente1W_meet1ambiente2
El primer WHAT A MEET, en el Restaurante Floral de Barcelona —Imagen WHAT
In 1990, only one in ten people inhabit urban space. In 1950, they were nearly three out ten, and in the beginning of the current century, people living in cities are more numerous than those living in the countryside. According to the National Institute for Demographic Studies of France —INED—, the rate of urbanization in the world crossed the edge of 50% in 2007, and it is increasing in the coming years, especially in Africa and Asia, where the world’s greatest cities will be sited in 2030. The meet analyzes the future of the cities as an environment: Rayda Guzmán —Philosophy, Venezuela—, Andrés Martín Asuero —Psychology, Spain— and Makoto Fukuda —Architecture, Japan— approach the issue from the point of view of Humanities, Science and Art, respectively. And they share table with the attendees, who take part in the debate to, finally, draw some conclusions and enjoy a snack. W_meet1ambiente1W_meet1ambiente2
The first WHAT A MEET, at Floral Restaurant in Barcelona —Image WHAT
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