14/01/2016

Life and meaning

What is the meaning of life? The life have one sense? These are existential questions, form part of what is be a human. However, now, with the decline of religion and the consequent diversification of whats, whys and where we go (how many people and their worldviews) seem more complex than ever, and shows like a conflict, and therefore as potential sources of unhappiness. This video made by School of life, platform for dissemination of knowledge for the development of emotions and psychological and social well-being of people, proposes a fast, fun and very educational tour to answer all these questions, based on how and not why.

How can we give our lives meaning? In absolute terms and scientists, the meaning is the reproduction of the species, but that, don’t satisfy these questions, typical of postmodernism and the situation resulting from having our basic needs.

Human beings are the only creatures on earth that we can create ideas about ideas (ideas of ideas), ‘metaideas’. Untangling this ball: our existential ideas have no absolute answers to our happiness and no formula exists for this. How then give meaning to our lives, what is the key to this ‘metaidea’? In this video we find one of the secrets, it does not give us an answer but tools to make, at least, that the perception of the meaning of our existence and our existence itself be something happier. Hint: We are not alone!

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1671 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5313) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-10-14 00:01:29" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-10-13 22:01:29" ["post_content"]=> string(3724) "Después de años de estudio de su cerebro en el laboratorio de neurociencia afectiva de la Universidad de Wisconsin, Estados Unidos, en abril del año 2007 Matthieu Ricard fue considerado como 'el hombre más feliz del mundo'. Fue sometido a resonancias magnéticas nucleares y conectado a 256 sensores para detectar su nivel de estrés, irritabilidad, enfado, placer, satisfacción y multitud de sensaciones diferentes, y los resultados fueron comparados con los obtenidos en cientos de voluntarios cuya felicidad fue clasificada en niveles que iban del +0.3 —muy infeliz— a –0.3 —muy feliz—. Matthieu logró –0.45, desbordando los límites previstos en el estudio, superando todos los registros anteriores y ganándose un título que él mismo no termina de aceptar. Prefiere limitarse a resaltar que efectivamente la cantidad de 'emociones positivas' que produce su cerebro está 'muy lejos de los parámetros normales'. Matthieu es un monje budista que reside en el monasterio Shechen Tennyi Dargyeling, en Nepal. Nació en París en 1946 y es hijo de Jean-François Revel, un filósofo francés de renombre, por lo que creció rodeado de la élite intelectual francesa. Doctorado en genética molecular en el Instituto Pasteur, tras terminar su tesis doctoral en 1972 decidió abandonar la carrera científica y concentrarse en la práctica del budismo tibetano. Vivió en el Himalaya y fue discípulo de Kangyur Rinpoche, maestro de una ancestral escuela budista de la tradición Nyingma. Después se convirtió en discípulo cercano de Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche hasta su muerte en 1991, y desde entonces es asesor personal del decimocuarto Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. En esta entrevista, realizada en el canal Vision, explica cómo la felicidad es algo que puede conseguirse a través del aprendizaje y el entrenamiento, igual que leer, escribir, andar en bicicleta o tocar música de Mozart.After years of study of his brain in the affective neuroscience laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, USA, in April 2007 Matthieu Ricard was considered as 'the happiest man in the world'. He was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance and connected to 256 sensors to detect his stress, irritability, anger, pleasure, satisfaction and many different sensations, and the results were compared with those obtained from hundreds of volunteers whose happiness was classified at levels ranged from 0.3 (very unhappy) to -0.3 (very happy). Matthieu managed to -0.45, overflowing the limits provided in the study, surpassing all previous records and earning a title that he does not accept. He prefers to highlight that effectively the amount of 'positive emotions' that produces his brain is 'far from normal parameters'. Matthieu is a Buddhist monk who resides in the Dargyeling Tennyi Shechen monastery in Nepal. He was born in Paris in 1946 and is the son of Jean-François Revel, a French philosopher of renown, so he grew up surrounded by the French intellectual elite. PhD in molecular genetics at the Pasteur Institute, after completing his doctoral thesis in 1972 decided to abandon the scientific career and concentrate on the practice of Tibetan Buddhism. He lived in the Himalayas and was a disciple of Kangyur Rinpoche, master of an ancient Buddhist school of the Nyingma tradition. Then it became a close disciple of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche until his death in 1991, and since then is personal adviser to the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso. In this interview, conducted on channel Vision, he explains how happiness is something that can be achieved through learning and training, just like reading, writing, bicycling or playing music of Mozart." ["post_title"]=> string(95) "Entrenar la mente para ser felizTrain your mind to be happy" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "train-your-mind-to-be-happy" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 16:13:56" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-09 15:13:56" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5313" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#1670 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5817) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-03-17 00:01:45" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-03-16 23:01:45" ["post_content"]=> string(3022) "A principio de los años 70 se creó el International Philosophers Project, un proyecto conducido por el filósofo holandés Fons Elders, que se desarrollaba a través de una serie de debates entre las grandes figuras del pensamiento de esas décadas. El presente vídeo es un fragmento del debate en el que se confrontaron dos gigantes con ideas y líneas filosóficas contrapuestas, que fue grabado en la Universidad de Ámsterdam en 1971 y retransmitido por la televisión holandesa. Noam Chomsky —filósofo, lingüista, activista político y el intelectual más citado de los últimos tiempos— representando el Racionalismo y Michael Foucault, máximo representante de la filosofía posmoderna y de la French Theory —Derrida, Lyotard, Baudrillard, etc—, de gran impacto durante aquellos años y también uno de los intelectuales más citados a nivel contemporáneo. El debate trata acerca de la idea de naturaleza humana, y se tituló 'La naturaleza humana: justicia vs poder', a partir del cual se escribió el libro con el mismo nombre, donde se transcribió todo lo dicho en aquel debate por estas dos relevantes figuras del pensamiento. Este debate sigue siendo una buena herramienta para comprender ambos posicionamientos filosóficos, que conllevan dos visiones del mundo, del pensamiento y de la comprensión de este, y que aún hoy se siguen discutiendo en las universidades y ambientes académicos de todo el mundo.In the early 70s the International Philosophers Project, led by the Dutch philosopher Fons Elders, was developed through a series of debates among the great figures of thought of those decades. This video is a fragment of the discussion between two giants, opposing ideas and philosophical lines were compared, was recorded at the University of Amsterdam in 1971 and broadcast on Dutch television. Noam Chomsky —philosopher, linguist, political activist and intellectual most cited recent times— representing Rationalism and Michael Foucault, representative of the post-modern philosophy and French Theory —Derrida, Lyotard, Baudrillard and others—, with high impact during those years and also one of the most cited contemporary intellectual level. The debate was about the idea of human nature, and was titled 'Human nature: Justice vs Power', the book of the same name, transcribed and everything said in that debate by these two leading figures of thought .This debate continues been a good tool to understand even today these two philosophical positions, which carry two world views, thought and understanding this, and even today is still arguing in universities and academic environments around the world." ["post_title"]=> string(141) "International Philosophers Project: Justicia vs PoderInternational Philosophers Project: Justice vs Power" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(51) "international-philosophers-project-justice-vs-power" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:13:28" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:13:28" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5817" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1673 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(6822) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-07-14 00:01:52" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-13 22:01:52" ["post_content"]=> string(2707) "Daniel Dennet es un filósofo y escritor de origen estadounidense. Doctor y catedrático en filosofía, ha sido uno de los pensadores más destacados en filosofía de la ciencia, y concretamente en ciencias cognitivas. Temas como conciencia, intencionalidad, inteligencia artificial, memética, el estudio de la significación actual del Darwinismo o la religión, han sido algunas de las áreas donde su trabajo ha sido más destacado. Está considerado uno de los cuatro jinetes de la corriente de pensamiento del Nuevo Ateísmo junto a Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris y Cristopher Hitchens, con los que se ha dado forma a la versión más contemporánea de esta idea. Su ciencia se ha distinguido por  buscar una filosofía de la mente y del universo cognitivo a través del empirismo, el método científico y la verificación para aportar base científica basada en los hechos sobre la conciencia, la intencionalidad, la responsabilidad y todo lo que se refiere a la cognición humana. En esta entrevista sobre el tema específico de la conciencia y el libre albedrío, Dennet hace una profunda reflexión en zigzag a través de tres preguntas para llegar a una conclusión potente y acorde a tamaña figura del pensamiento contemporáneo.Daniel Dennett is a philosopher and writer of American origin. Doctor and professor of philosophy, has been one of the leading thinkers in philosophy of science and cognitive science in particular. Issues such as consciousness, intentionality, artificial intelligence, memetics, the study of the actual significance of Darwinism and religion, have been some of the areas where his work has been outstanding. He is considered one of the Four Horsemen of the current thinking of the New Atheism, with Richard Dawkins, Sam Harris and Christopher Hitchens, with which has shaped the contemporary version of this idea. Their science has been marked by a search for philosophy of mind and the cognitive universe through empiricism, the scientific method and verification to provide science-based factual about consciousness, intentionality, responsibility and everything referred to human cognition. In this interview on the specific topic of consciousness and free will Dennett makes a profound reflection zigzag through three questions to get to a powerful conclusion so great and according to this big figure of contemporary thought." ["post_title"]=> string(91) "Conciencia y libre albedríoConsciousness and free will" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(27) "consciousness-and-free-will" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 19:02:54" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-07 18:02:54" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=6822" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1663 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3221) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-10-22 00:01:29" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-10-21 22:01:29" ["post_content"]=> string(2931) "Brockwood Park es una escuela fundada por Jiddu Krishnamurti y un grupo de colaboradores en 1969, con la intención de llevar a cabo sus propuestas educativas. La educación había sido una de las mayores preocupaciones del hindú desde el principio mismo de su trayectoria, y las escuelas constituyen uno de los terrenos más apropiados para llevar a la práctica sus enseñanzas. Con ese fin, Brockwood se estableció en Hampshire como una escuela privada con capacidad para un grupo reducido de estudiantes en régimen de internado. La comunidad de profesores y alumnos tenía un carácter notablemente internacional, con gente procedente de más de una veintena de países. El propósito era despertar la inteligencia del estudiante y del educador a la naturaleza y consecuencias de su conducta y forma de pensar, en todas las facetas de la vida cotidiana. Lo importante no es conseguir que el alumno saque buenas notas, sino que sea capaz de enfrentarse adecuadamente a todos los retos de su relación con el mundo. Una de las actividades más significativas de la institución son sus charlas abiertas. En esta, que tuvo lugar en mayo de 1976, el propio Krishnamurti, el físico David Bohm y el psicoanalista David Shainberg reflexionan sobre conceptos como soledad, libertad, transformación, pensamiento o mente.Brockwood Park is a school founded by Jiddu Krishnamurti and a group of partners in 1969, with the intention of carrying out their educational proposals. Education was one of the major concerns of the Indian from the very beginning of his career, and schools are one of the most suitable land to implement his teachings. To that end, Brockwood settled in Hampshire (UK) as a private school for up to a small group of students as boarders. The community of teachers and students had a markedly international character, with people from more than twenty countries. The purpose was to awaken the intelligence of the student and the educator to the nature and consequences of their behavior and way of thinking, in all facets of daily life. The important thing is not to get the students get good grades, but is able to adequately face all the challenges of their relationship with the world. One of the most significant activities of the institution are your open chats. In this, which took place in May 1976, Krishnamurti, the physicist David Bohm and psychoanalyst David Shainberg reflect on concepts like solitude, freedom, transformation, thought or mind." 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