14/10/2013

Train your mind to be happy

After years of study of his brain in the affective neuroscience laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, USA, in April 2007 Matthieu Ricard was considered as ‘the happiest man in the world’.

He was subjected to nuclear magnetic resonance and connected to 256 sensors to detect his stress, irritability, anger, pleasure, satisfaction and many different sensations, and the results were compared with those obtained from hundreds of volunteers whose happiness was classified at levels ranged from 0.3 (very unhappy) to -0.3 (very happy). Matthieu managed to -0.45, overflowing the limits provided in the study, surpassing all previous records and earning a title that he does not accept. He prefers to highlight that effectively the amount of ‘positive emotions’ that produces his brain is ‘far from normal parameters’.

Matthieu is a Buddhist monk who resides in the Dargyeling Tennyi Shechen monastery in Nepal. He was born in Paris in 1946 and is the son of Jean-François Revel, a French philosopher of renown, so he grew up surrounded by the French intellectual elite. PhD in molecular genetics at the Pasteur Institute, after completing his doctoral thesis in 1972 decided to abandon the scientific career and concentrate on the practice of Tibetan Buddhism. He lived in the Himalayas and was a disciple of Kangyur Rinpoche, master of an ancient Buddhist school of the Nyingma tradition. Then it became a close disciple of Dilgo Khyentse Rinpoche until his death in 1991, and since then is personal adviser to the Fourteenth Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso.

In this interview, conducted on channel Vision, he explains how happiness is something that can be achieved through learning and training, just like reading, writing, bicycling or playing music of Mozart.

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array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#1689 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4813) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-05-20 00:01:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-05-19 22:01:20" ["post_content"]=> string(3697) "'El futuro no tiene buena pinta'. Lingüista, filósofo, historiador, crítico político y activista americano, es profesor emérito en el departamento de Lingüística y Filosofía del MIT —Instituto Tecnológico de Massachusetts—, donde lleva trabajando más de 50 años. Además de su impresionante labor en el campo de la lingüística, ha escrito más de 100 libros sobre guerra, política y medios de comunicación, siendo el más conocido 'Los guardianes de la libertad' —Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media—, escrito con Edward S. Herman en 1988. Según el Arts & Humanities Citation Index (A&HCI) fue el investigador vivo más citado como fuente entre 1980 y 1992, y el octavo de todos los tiempos. Está considerado una figura cultural prominente a nivel mundial y The New York Times llegó a denominarle 'el más importante de los pensadores contemporáneos'. Padre de la lingüística moderna y figura destacada en el campo de la filosofía analítica, su trabajo ha tenido influencia en sectores tan diversos como la informática, las matemáticas o la psicología. Fue autor de la Jerarquía de Chomsky, que revolucionó el estudio del lenguaje, y co-autor del Teorema de Chomsky-Schützenberger. Después de la publicación de su primer libro sobre lingüística se convirtió en un crítico feroz de la guerra de Vietnam, y desde entonces no ha dejado de publicar libros de análisis político. Es bien conocida su postura crítica con las políticas exteriores de Estados Unidos e Israel, con el capitalismo contemporáneo y con los medios de comunicación de masas. Chomsky, que desvincula completamente su actividad científica de su activismo político, se describe a sí mismo como un simpatizante del anarcosindicalismo y es miembro del sindicato IWW, Industrial Workers of the World —Trabajadores industriales del mundo—.'The future is not a pretty picture'. American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, political critic and activist, he is an Emeritus Professor in the Department of Linguistics & Philosophy at MIT —Massachusetts Institute of Technology—, where he has worked for over 50 years. In addition to his work in linguistics he has written on war, politics and mass media, and is the author of over 100 books, including the influential 'Manufacturing consent: The political economy of the mass media' with Edward S. Herman in 1988. According to the Arts and Humanities Citation Index in 1992, Chomsky was cited as a source more often than any other living scholar from 1980 to 1992, and was the eighth most cited source overall. He has been described as a prominent cultural figure, and he was voted the 'World's top public intellectual' in a 2005 poll. Chomsky has been described as the 'father of modern linguistics' and a major figure of analytic philosophy. His work has influenced fields such as computer science, mathematics and psychology. He is credited as the creator of the Chomsky hierarchy, the universal grammar theory, and co-creator of the Chomsky-Schützenberger theorem. After the publication of his first book on linguistics, Chomsky became a prominent critic of the Vietnam War, and since then has continued to publish books of political criticism. He has become well known for his critiques of US foreign policy, state capitalism and the mainstream news media. He describes his views as 'fairly traditional anarchist ones, with origins in the Enlightenment and classical liberalism', and often identifies with anarcho-syndicalism and libertarian socialism. He is a member of the union IWW, Industrials Workers of the World." 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Su trabajo aborda temas como la revolución psicológica, el propósito de la meditación, las relaciones humanas, la naturaleza de la mente y cómo llevar a cabo un cambio positivo en la sociedad global. Esta es una de las múltiples charlas que dió alrededor del mundo, con su característica y peculiar manera de expresarse manejando conceptos complejos. En ella nos habla del miedo. Pero no del miedo sano y natural, que también, sino de su versión más peligrosa y paralizante: el miedo a tener miedo.Jiddu Krishnamurti was a well-known Indian philosopher and writer. His work deals with issues such as the psychology revolution, the purpose of meditation, human relationships, the nature of mind and how to implement a positive change in global society. This is one of the multiple talks he gave around the world, with its characteristic and peculiar way of expression when handling complex concepts. He speaks about fear. But not about healthy and natural fear, that also, but about its most dangerous and chilling way: the fear to fear. " ["post_title"]=> string(104) "El peor miedo es el miedo al miedoThe worst fear is the fear to fear" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(34) "the-worst-fear-is-the-fear-to-fear" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-17 01:57:39" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-17 00:57:39" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(30) "http://what.dealfil.com/?p=896" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "2" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#1691 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3221) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2012-10-22 00:01:29" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2012-10-21 22:01:29" ["post_content"]=> string(2931) "Brockwood Park es una escuela fundada por Jiddu Krishnamurti y un grupo de colaboradores en 1969, con la intención de llevar a cabo sus propuestas educativas. La educación había sido una de las mayores preocupaciones del hindú desde el principio mismo de su trayectoria, y las escuelas constituyen uno de los terrenos más apropiados para llevar a la práctica sus enseñanzas. Con ese fin, Brockwood se estableció en Hampshire como una escuela privada con capacidad para un grupo reducido de estudiantes en régimen de internado. La comunidad de profesores y alumnos tenía un carácter notablemente internacional, con gente procedente de más de una veintena de países. El propósito era despertar la inteligencia del estudiante y del educador a la naturaleza y consecuencias de su conducta y forma de pensar, en todas las facetas de la vida cotidiana. Lo importante no es conseguir que el alumno saque buenas notas, sino que sea capaz de enfrentarse adecuadamente a todos los retos de su relación con el mundo. Una de las actividades más significativas de la institución son sus charlas abiertas. En esta, que tuvo lugar en mayo de 1976, el propio Krishnamurti, el físico David Bohm y el psicoanalista David Shainberg reflexionan sobre conceptos como soledad, libertad, transformación, pensamiento o mente.Brockwood Park is a school founded by Jiddu Krishnamurti and a group of partners in 1969, with the intention of carrying out their educational proposals. Education was one of the major concerns of the Indian from the very beginning of his career, and schools are one of the most suitable land to implement his teachings. To that end, Brockwood settled in Hampshire (UK) as a private school for up to a small group of students as boarders. The community of teachers and students had a markedly international character, with people from more than twenty countries. The purpose was to awaken the intelligence of the student and the educator to the nature and consequences of their behavior and way of thinking, in all facets of daily life. 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["post_title"]=> string(118) "Brockwood Park: La transformación del hombreBrockwood Park: Transformation of man" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "brockwood-park-transformation-of-man" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-03-01 01:35:02" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-03-01 00:35:02" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3221" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "1" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#1825 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(7304) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2016-01-14 13:28:32" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2016-01-14 12:28:32" ["post_content"]=> string(3127) "¿Cuál es el sentido de la vida? ¿Tiene un sentido la vida? Estas son preguntas existenciales, forman parte de lo que supone existir como ser humano. Sin embargo actualmente, con el declive de la religión y la consiguiente diversificación de qués y porqués —tantos como personas y visiones del mundo—, sus respuestas parecen más complejas que nunca y aparecen como conflictivas, y por tanto como posibles fuentes de infelicidad. Este vídeo de The School of Life, plataforma de difusión del conocimiento para el desarrollo de las emociones y el bienestar psicológico y social de las personas, nos propone un recorrido rápido, divertido y muy didáctico para contestar a todas estas preguntas, basado en el cómo y no en el qué. ¿Cómo podemos dotar a nuestra vida de sentido? En términos absolutos y científicos el sentido es la reproducción de la especie, pero eso ni se acerca a satisfacer estos interrogantes, propios de la posmodernidad y de la situación derivada de tener nuestras necesidades básicas cubiertas. Los seres humanos somos los únicos seres vivos de la Tierra que podemos pensar ideas sobre las ideas, ideas de las ideas, metaideas. Desenredemos este ovillo: nuestras ideas existenciales no tienen respuestas absolutas y para nuestra felicidad no hay fórmula que exista. ¿Cómo damos entonces sentido a nuestra vida? ¿Cuál es la clave de esta metaidea? En este documento encontramos uno de los secretos, no nos da una respuesta pero sí herramientas para hacer, por lo menos, que la percepción del sentido de nuestra existencia y nuestra existencia en sí misma sea algo más feliz. Una pista: ¡No estamos solos! What is the meaning of life? The life have one sense? These are existential questions, form part of what is be a human. However, now, with the decline of religion and the consequent diversification of whats, whys and where we go (how many people and their worldviews) seem more complex than ever, and shows like a conflict, and therefore as potential sources of unhappiness. This video made by School of life, platform for dissemination of knowledge for the development of emotions and psychological and social well-being of people, proposes a fast, fun and very educational tour to answer all these questions, based on how and not why. How can we give our lives meaning? In absolute terms and scientists, the meaning is the reproduction of the species, but that, don't satisfy these questions, typical of postmodernism and the situation resulting from having our basic needs. Human beings are the only creatures on earth that we can create ideas about ideas (ideas of ideas), 'metaideas'. Untangling this ball: our existential ideas have no absolute answers to our happiness and no formula exists for this. How then give meaning to our lives, what is the key to this 'metaidea'? 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