19/04/2021

The Tao of physics

Fritjof Capra is a physicist and systems theorist, founding director of the Center for Ecoliteracy located since 1995 in Berkeley, California, which promotes ecology and systems thinking in primary and secondary education.

American born in Austria in 1939, Capra attended the University of Vienna, where he earned his PhD in theoretical physics in 1966. He conducted research in particle physics and systems theory for 20 years at the University of Paris, the University of California, the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, the Imperial College of London and the Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory. While at Berkeley, he was a member of the Fundamental Fysiks Group, founded in 1975 by Elizabeth Rauscher and George Weissmann, which met weekly to discuss philosophy and quantum physics.

For the past few years, Fritjof Capra has been researching the work of Leonardo Da Vinci —Image Cirone Musi

He advocates that Western culture abandon conventional linear thought and the mechanistic views of Descartes. Critiquing the reductionistic Cartesian view that everything can be studied in parts to understand the whole, he encourages a holistic approach.

Capra has written popular books on the implications of science, notably The Tao of Physics, accurately subtitled ‘An exploration of the parallels between modern physics and Eastern mysticism’. The author considers that in the attempt to understand the mystery of life, the human being has followed different paths, including the scientific and the mystical. He puts forward the thesis that the concepts of modern physics lead to a vision of the world very similar to that of mystics of all ages and traditions. The purpose of the essay is to explore the relationship between such concepts, motivated by the belief that the basic themes he uses to compare physics with mysticism will be confirmed —they are being confirmed, in fact— rather than invalidated by future research.

For Capra the two pillars of modern physics are quantum theory and relativity theory, addressed in the first part of the essay. The Eastern philosophies that he refers to in the second part are Hinduism, Buddhism and Taoism.

The book asserts that both physics and metaphysics lead inexorably to the same knowledge
Artículos relacionados
899
1
array(2) { [0]=> int(899) [1]=> int(1) }
array(4) { [0]=> object(WP_Post)#7026 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5830) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2044" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-03-31 00:01:19" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-03-30 22:01:19" ["post_content"]=> string(5869) "Decimos los humanos que aquello que nos distingue de otras especies es la consciencia: podemos percatarnos, darnos cuenta, en el sentido de arrojar luz sobre algo, de querer ver y mirar y cuestionarnos aquello que vemos. W_conscienciatransgresora
Lo que no vemos continúa funcionando y nos dirige —Imagen Unknown Author
La imagen del iceberg es interesante en ese sentido como metáfora: sólo una parte emerge del agua, lo consciente que se hace visible; mientras que lo inconsciente, que tiene una mayor masa, permanece debajo, oculto y sostiene lo visible. Aunque no lo veamos a simple vista, está. Esta imagen es una sugerente metáfora para mostrar cómo todo aquello que no vemos —y quizá no queremos ver— continúa funcionando y nos dirige. La película 'The Matrix' es una buena parábola para ilustrar qué ocurre cuando uno decide tomar conciencia: en un momento dado, Neo se encuentra ante la tesitura de tomar la pastilla roja o la azul. Morfeo le avisa que una vez se decida por una u otra, no hay vuelta atrás. Opta por tomar la roja. En una escena posterior, Morfeo le muestra la realidad del mundo de las máquinas y le dice la famosa frase 'Bienvenido al desierto de lo real'. Y Neo, ante el desierto de lo real, desearía volver hacia atrás y tomar la azul. Que por cierto, es lo que ocurre en 'Un mundo feliz de Aldous Huxley, donde se nos muestra una sociedad medicada para evadirse. Nos agrade o no, la especie humana tenemos esta capacidad de tomar consciencia —y recordar— sobre nuestra manera de ser, hacer y actuar. El uso que hagamos de esa consciencia nos puede llevar de un estado de zombificación —en el que apenas nos planteamos algo sobre nuestras vidas y nos damos el papel de víctimas de las circunstancias— a un uso activo de la consciencia, en el que podamos cuestionarnos la vida que estamos llevando, nuestras necesidades reales, nuestros deseos y esperanzas, y eso nos puede llevar a tomar decisiones. Pasamos de una vida que nos ocurre a una vida que lideramos, por utilizar una palabra de moda. Es en este sentido que hablo de consciencia transgresora. Del latín transgredior, ir (gradior) más allá (trans), atravesar, sobrepasar. Creemos que las revoluciones son sólo externas, cuando también pueden ser internas, y probablemente empiecen en ese terreno. Podemos poner en funcionamiento nuestra consciencia y empezar a decidir en nuestras vidas, aunque también tenemos la opción de no ponerla en funcionamiento y acomodarnos en el 'esto es lo que hay'.We humans say what distinguishes us from other species is awareness: we can realize, in the sense of shed light on something, wanting to watch and question what we see. W_conscienciatransgresora
What we do not see continues working and directs us —Image Unknown Author
The image of the iceberg is interesting in that sense as metaphor: only a part emerges of the water, the conscious part that becomes visible, while the unconscious one, which has a greater mass, stays hidden and holds the visible. Although you do not see it with the naked eye, exists. This image is a suggestive metaphor to show how everything that we don't see —and perhaps we don't want to see— continues operating and directing us. The movie 'The Matrix' is a good parable to illustrate what happens when one decides to take consciousness: at any given moment, Neo is confronted with the question of taking the red pill or the blue. Morpheus warns that once you decide on one or the other, there is no turning back. Chooses to take the red. In a later scene, Morpheus shows him the reality of the world of machines and says the famous phrase 'Welcome to the desert of the real'. And Neo, in front of the desert of the real, would want go back and take the blue. Which by the way, is what happens in 'Brave New World' by Aldous Huxley, where we are shown a medicated society in order to escape. Whether we like it or not, the human species have this ability to become aware —and remember— our way of being, doing and acting. Our use of that consciousness can lead us from a state of zombification —in which we just propose something about our lives and we see ourselves as victims of circumstances— to an active use of awareness in which we can question ourselves the life we are living, our real needs, desires and hopes, and that can lead us to make decisions. We went from a life that happens to us a life we lead, to use a buzzword. It is in this sense that I speak of transgressive awareness. Transgredior from Latin, to go (gradior) beyond (trans), to cross, to exceed. We believe that revolutions are only external, when they can also be internal, and probably starting in this field. We can start our consciousness and begin to decide in our lives, but we also have the option not to run and settling into the 'this is what you get'." ["post_title"]=> string(83) "Consciencia transgresoraTransgressive awareness" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(23) "transgressive-awareness" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2020-02-19 00:12:32" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2020-02-18 23:12:32" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5830" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [1]=> object(WP_Post)#7020 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(5776) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2014-06-09 15:34:20" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-06-09 13:34:20" ["post_content"]=> string(2969) "Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Ronald Reagan y Margaret Tatcher. Crisis económica, crisis moral, incluso estafa. Se han escrito ríos de tinta sobre las causas y características de la crisis que azota al mundo occidental, y en realidad sobre cualquier crisis: Carl Gustav Jung, el famoso psiquiatra suizo, llegó a afirmar que 'toda crisis es una fractura en el inconsciente colectivo de la especie que permite la emergencia de un nuevo paradigma de consciencia'. Álex Rovira —escritor, economista y conferenciante— realiza una introducción sobre el tema que da paso a cinco mesas de debate —sobre economía, política, filosofía, tecnología y cultura— y plantea una pregunta: '¿Qué puede hacer cada uno de nosotros, por pequeño que sea, para mejorar la situación?'. W_meet2ambiente1W_meet2ambiente2
Encuentro en la Casa Amat de Barcelona. Los asistentes debían escoger el color de su entrada, lo que les serviría para agruparse por mesas temáticas en la segunda parte del evento —Imagen WHAT
Goldman Sachs, Lehman Brothers, Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher. Financial crisis, moral crisis, even scam. It has written extensively on the causes and characteristics of the crisis plaguing the Western world, and indeed on any crisis: Carl Gustav Jung, the famous Swiss psychiatrist, came to say that 'every crisis is a fracture in the collective unconscious of the species that allows the emergence of a new paradigm of awareness'. Alex Rovira —writer, economist and lecturer— performs an introduction on the subject that gives way to five roundtables —on economy, politics, philosophy, technology and culture— and raises a question: 'What can do each of us, no matter how small it may be, to improve the situation?'. W_meet2ambiente1W_meet2ambiente2
Meet at the Casa Amat in Barcelona. Attendees had to choose the color of their ticket, which would serve to group them by thematic tables in the second part of the event —Image WHAT
" ["post_title"]=> string(106) "WHAT A MEET: Lecciones de una crisisWHAT A MEET: Lessons from a crisis" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["ping_status"]=> string(6) "closed" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(33) "what-a-meet-lessons-from-a-crisis" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-12 21:54:37" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-12 19:54:37" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=5776" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [2]=> object(WP_Post)#7027 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(4096) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-03-11 00:01:03" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-03-10 23:01:03" ["post_content"]=> string(3981) "'Una crisis es una oportunidad de futuro'. Empresario, escritor, economista, conferenciante internacional y consultor español. Ha vendido cerca de cinco millones de copias de sus diferentes libros, siendo algunos de ellos número uno en ventas tanto en lengua española como en otros idiomas. Asimismo, está considerado uno de los mayores expertos en psicología del liderazgo a nivel mundial. Licenciado en ciencias empresariales y MBA por ESADE, ahora dirige en esa misma escuela seminarios sobre innovación, gestión del cambio, gestión del talento, gestión de personas y pensamiento creativo para altos directivos de empresas y ONGs. Su producción literaria aborda diferentes géneros: el ensayo en obras como ‘La brújula interior’, ‘La buena vida’ o ‘La buena crisis’, la ficción empresarial en ‘El beneficio’, la novela en ‘La última respuesta’ y el relato en ‘Los siete poderes’, ‘El laberinto de la felicidad’, ‘Un corazón lleno de estrellas’ o ‘La buena suerte’, que ha sido su obra de mayor impacto internacional. Editada en 42 idiomas con un éxito sin precedentes en la literatura de no ficción española, vendió más de tres millones de copias en tan sólo dos años y recibió el premio al mejor libro del año en Japón en 2004 con la unanimidad de crítica, público y profesionales del sector editorial. Es también coordinador de una colección de la editorial Aguilar que lleva su nombre y en la que se publican ensayos, relatos y libros de empresa suyos y de otros autores. Colabora habitualmente con distintos medios de comunicación nacionales y extranjeros, como El País Semanal, La Vanguardia, TVE, TV3, Cadena Ser (con Carles Francino), Catalunya Ràdio (con Gaspar Hernández), CNN+ (con Antonio San José) o la revista japonesa de psicología Psiko. En sus colaboraciones aborda tanto cuestiones relacionadas con la innovación, la creatividad, la gestión de personas o la gestión empresarial como contenidos relacionados con la psicología, la filosofía, la antropología o la sociología.'A crisis is an opportunity for the future'. Entrepreneur, writer, economist, international lecturer and consultant. He has sold around five million copies of his various books, some of which are number one in sales both in Spanish and in other languages. He is also considered one of the foremost experts on leadership psychology worldwide. Degree in Business and MBA from ESADE, now heads in that school seminars on innovation, change management, talent management, people management and creative thinking to senior management of companies and NGOs. His literary production approaches different genres: the essay in works like 'The internal compass', 'The good life' or 'The good crisis', the corporate fiction in 'The profit', the novel in 'The ultimate answer' and the story in 'The seven powers', 'The labyrinth of happiness', 'A heart full of stars' or 'Good luck', which has been his work with a greatest international impact. Published in 42 languages ​​with unprecedented success in the Spanish literary nonfiction, sold over three million copies in just two years and received the award for best book of the year in Japan in 2004, with unanimous acceptant by critical public and publishing professionals. He is also coordinator of a Editorial Aguilar collection that bears his name and which publishes essays, stories and books of himself and others. Collaborates with several national and foreign media, like El País Semanal, La Vanguardia, TVE (Spanish public television), TV3 (Catalan public television), Cadena Ser (with Carles Francino), Catalunya Radio (with Gaspar Hernandez), CNN+ (with Antonio San Jose) or the Japanese psychology magazine Psiko. In his collaborations addresses both issues related to innovation, creativity, people management or business management and content related to psychology, philosophy, anthropology and sociology." ["post_title"]=> string(112) "WHAT ABOUT: El futuro por Álex RoviraWHAT ABOUT: The future by Álex Rovira" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(36) "what-about-the-future-by-alex-rovira" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 17:53:21" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2021-05-05 15:53:21" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=4096" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } [3]=> object(WP_Post)#7146 (24) { ["ID"]=> int(3714) ["post_author"]=> string(4) "2049" ["post_date"]=> string(19) "2013-01-14 00:01:15" ["post_date_gmt"]=> string(19) "2013-01-13 23:01:15" ["post_content"]=> string(3593) "Alexander Lowen fue un médico, psicoterapeuta y profesor estadounidense, conocido principalmente por sus estudios sobre la bioenergética como forma de terapia. Estudió derecho en la Brooklyn Law School y se doctoró en medicina en la Universidad de Ginebra. Entró en contacto con Wilhelm Reich, uno de los primeros discípulos de Sigmund Freud, y estudió con él desde 1940 hasta 1952, año en el que empezó a dedicarse a la práctica profesional de la terapia psicocorporal. En 1956 fundó el International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis (Instituto internacional de análisis bioenergético), con el objetivo de garantizar la formación adecuada de los terapeutas. Bastante antes de conocer a Reich, Lowen ya se había sentido atraído por la relación existente entre cuerpo y mente, tema sobre el que había investigado con auténtico interés. Según afirmaba, dicho interés era debido a su propia experiencia con las actividades físicas deportivas y con la calistenia, una técnica gimnástica destinada al desarrollo de la musculatura. Durante los años 30 se dedicó a estudiar a fondo el método Eurythmics del compositor Émile Jaques-Dalcroze y la Relajación Muscular Progresiva de Jacobson. Todo ello afianzó su convicción de que el ser humano puede influir en el funcionamiento de su mente si trabaja su cuerpo de forma sistemática y con los métodos adecuados, como explica en este vídeo.Alexander Lowen was an American doctor, psychotherapist and professor, mostly famous for his studies about bioenergetics as a form of therapy. He studied Law at the Brooklyn Law School and obtained his PhD in Medicine at the University of Geneva. He got to meet Wilhelm Reich, one of Sigmund Freud’s first disciples, and studied with him from 1940 to 1952, year in which he started to dedicate himself to the professional practice of psychocorporal therapy. In 1956 he founded the International Institute for Bioenergetic Analysis, aimed at guaranteeing the adequate training of therapists. Much before knowing Reich, Lowen had already felt drawn by the relationship between mind and body, a topic on which he had researched with a real interest. According to what he said, such interest was due to his own experience with physical activities/sports and with 'calisthenics', a gymnastic technique aimed at building up the muscles. During the 30’s, he dedicated himself to studying in depth the Eurythmics method from the composer Émile Jacques-Dalcroze and Jacobson’s Progressive Muscle Relaxation. All this comforted him in his conviction that human beings can have an influence on how their mind works if they exercise their body in a systematic way and with the right methods, as he explains in this video." ["post_title"]=> string(71) "Tú eres tu cuerpoYou are your body" ["post_excerpt"]=> string(0) "" ["post_status"]=> string(7) "publish" ["comment_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["ping_status"]=> string(4) "open" ["post_password"]=> string(0) "" ["post_name"]=> string(17) "you-are-your-body" ["to_ping"]=> string(0) "" ["pinged"]=> string(0) "" ["post_modified"]=> string(19) "2014-07-03 00:07:50" ["post_modified_gmt"]=> string(19) "2014-07-02 22:07:50" ["post_content_filtered"]=> string(0) "" ["post_parent"]=> int(0) ["guid"]=> string(29) "http://whatonline.org/?p=3714" ["menu_order"]=> int(0) ["post_type"]=> string(4) "post" ["post_mime_type"]=> string(0) "" ["comment_count"]=> string(1) "0" ["filter"]=> string(3) "raw" } }